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Catholicism stands for the system, doctrine and practice, followed by the Roman Catholic Church, better known as the Catholic Church. Pope, the religious head of Rome was originally the final authority of the Christian churches through the world. As the top personality of the Roman Church, the Pope used to command high respect and honour as the spiritual and religious leader of the Christians. The Catholic Church was originally inspired with the high ideal of Christianly and the professed objective to propagate Christ's sermons and message. It enjoyed inevitably common people's trust and faith and profoundly affected their outlook on life and society.

But that highly honoured status of the Catholic Church began to decline. The cause was the abuses of power and corrupt practices in the Catholic Churches almost throughout Europe. The Catholic churchmen were found, in no few eases, to give up the ideal of an austere and ascetic life and to indulge in luxurious and sensual life style. Moreover, even the atonement was bought and sold on financial consideration under the sanctions of the church, and that was wholly against the Christian principal. The mighty Churchmen even interfered in political affairs in order to gain power and fortune. Such a sort of meddling in politics ultimately corroded the holy function of the church. Finally, the Catholic Church, in a good many European lands, were involved in the exploitation of the common people by exerting various impious pressures.

The result was the decline of the Catholic Church. Martin Luther rose against the church and Protestantism, as an alternative to the Catholic Church, came into existence. Of course, reformations were tried to be achieved by the counter processes of certain Catholic churchmen. In same places, sincere endeavours were there to regain the lost glory of the Catholic Church. But what was lost could not be fully recovered. The Catholic Church had to adjust itself with Protestantism and other churches with other Christian views in the Christendom, as it is now.


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