skip to main | skip to sidebar

As the twenty-first century began, history remained the primary concern of English literature. Despite the fact that contemporary topics such as global warming and international conflicts (particularly the Second Persian Gulf War and its aftermath) were discussed, writers were more inclined to gaze back. Bennett's play The History Boys (filmed 2006) premiered in 2004 and depicted students in a 1980s school in the north of England. Although David Mitchell's Cloud Atlas (2004), a far-reaching novel about future eras wrecked by evil technology and climatic and nuclear disaster, spent greater space to sequences set in the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was one of the more ambitious novels to emerge during this period.

It also demonstrated another early-twentieth-century preoccupation: the replication of past literary styles and techniques. Pastiche and revisionary Victorian novels were popular (one notable example being Michel Faber's The Crimson Petal and the White [2002]). Atonement (2001) by Ian McEwan was a masterful twist on the 1930s fictional methods of authors like Elizabeth Bowen. In Saturday (2005), McEwan's dramatic image of London on February 15, 2003, a day of mass rallies against the imminent war in Iraq, was inspired by Virginia Woolf's fictional portrayal of a war-shadowed day in London in Mrs. Dalloway (1925). In the poetry volumes Electric Light (2001) and District and Circle (2006), Heaney returned to the rural world of his upbringing while simultaneously reexamining and revising classic texts, one of which was The Burial at Thebes (2004), which filled Sophocles' Antigone with contemporary resonances. Despite the fact that they had entered a new millennium, writers seemed to find more creative inspiration in the past than in the present or the future.

1. The  History Boys

The History Boys is a play written by Alan Bennett, a British dramatist. On May 18, 2004, the drama opened at the Royal National Theatre in London. It made its Broadway debut on April 23, 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran for 185 performances before closing on October 1, 2006.

Most of the lads go on to be successful in their chosen fields, while Timms turns to narcotics, and Posner leads a lonely life, despite remembering Hector's lessons. "Pass the parcel," Hector adds at the end of the play, is the lesson he really wanted to teach the lads. That's all you can do at times.

2. Cloud Atlas

David Mitchell's third novel, Cloud Atlas, is his third book. It was first released in 2004. It earned the Richard & Judy "Book of the Year" award as well as the British Book Awards Literary Fiction award.

Cloud Atlas is a dazzling collection of intertwined tales. Mitchell's six separate tales span many decades, from a 19th-century American notary's journal to a post-apocalyptic memoir of a herdsman named Zachry. Every testimonial defies the laws of time and space.

3. Appointment

Ian McEwan's Atonement is a British metafiction novel published in 2001. It covers an upper-class girl's half-innocent mistake that ruins lives, her adulthood in the shadow of that mistake, and a reflection on the nature of writing. It is set in three time periods: 1935 England, Second World War England and France, and present-day England.

The lives of young lovers Cecilia Tall is (Keira Knightley) and Robbie Turner are followed in this epic English drama based on Ian McEwan's book (James McAvoy). When Cecilia's envious younger sister, Briony (Saoirse Ronan), fabricates a story, the marriage is torn apart, and all three of them must deal with the consequences.

The hardest hit is Robbie, who is imprisoned as a result of Briony's lie, but Cecilia and her beau's chances improve when their paths intersect during World War II.

The central theme of Atonement is how a person's perspective moulds his or her world inexorably. McEwan filters the narrative through the eyes of a certain character at various stages during the work.

4. Saturday

Ian McEwan's novel Saturday was published in 2005. It takes place on Saturday, February 15, 2003, in Fitzrovia, central London, during a major demonstration against the United States' 2003 invasion of Iraq. Henry Perowne, a 48-year-old neurosurgeon, has arranged a series of errands and pleasures for the evening, ending in a family meal. As he goes about his day, he mulls about the protest's meaning and the issues that prompted it; unfortunately, his day is interrupted by an encounter with a violent and unstable guy.

5.  Electric Light

Seamus Heaney, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1995, published Electric Light, a book of poetry. Childhood, nature, and poetry are all explored in this anthology. The first section includes translations and adaptations, as well as poems about travel in the Gaeltacht, the Balkans, and Greece.

6. District and Circle

Seamus Heaney, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1995, published District and Circle, a book of poems. It was published in 2006 and won the T. S. Eliot Prize for Poetry, the UK's most prestigious poetry prize. The Irish Times' "Poetry Now Award" was also given to the anthology.

7. The Burial at Thebes

The Burial at Thebes: A Version of Sophocles' Antigone is a drama written by Irish Nobel winner Seamus Heaney and based on Sophocles' fifth-century BC tragedy Antigone. Dominique Le Gendre also wrote an opera about it.

The play depicts Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus, giving her traitorous brother Polyneices a type of ritual burial (she scatters his body with dust) against her uncle King Creon's explicit orders and her sister Ismene's advise, despite the fact that she knows the result will be her death.

21st Century British Literature

Literaturemini | April 09, 2022 | 0 comments

As the twenty-first century began, history remained the primary concern of English literature. Despite the fact that contemporary topics such as global warming and international conflicts (particularly the Second Persian Gulf War and its aftermath) were discussed, writers were more inclined to gaze back. Bennett's play The History Boys (filmed 2006) premiered in 2004 and depicted students in a 1980s school in the north of England. Although David Mitchell's Cloud Atlas (2004), a far-reaching novel about future eras wrecked by evil technology and climatic and nuclear disaster, spent greater space to sequences set in the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was one of the more ambitious novels to emerge during this period.

It also demonstrated another early-twentieth-century preoccupation: the replication of past literary styles and techniques. Pastiche and revisionary Victorian novels were popular (one notable example being Michel Faber's The Crimson Petal and the White [2002]). Atonement (2001) by Ian McEwan was a masterful twist on the 1930s fictional methods of authors like Elizabeth Bowen. In Saturday (2005), McEwan's dramatic image of London on February 15, 2003, a day of mass rallies against the imminent war in Iraq, was inspired by Virginia Woolf's fictional portrayal of a war-shadowed day in London in Mrs. Dalloway (1925). In the poetry volumes Electric Light (2001) and District and Circle (2006), Heaney returned to the rural world of his upbringing while simultaneously reexamining and revising classic texts, one of which was The Burial at Thebes (2004), which filled Sophocles' Antigone with contemporary resonances. Despite the fact that they had entered a new millennium, writers seemed to find more creative inspiration in the past than in the present or the future.

1. The  History Boys

The History Boys is a play written by Alan Bennett, a British dramatist. On May 18, 2004, the drama opened at the Royal National Theatre in London. It made its Broadway debut on April 23, 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran for 185 performances before closing on October 1, 2006.

Most of the lads go on to be successful in their chosen fields, while Timms turns to narcotics, and Posner leads a lonely life, despite remembering Hector's lessons. "Pass the parcel," Hector adds at the end of the play, is the lesson he really wanted to teach the lads. That's all you can do at times.

2. Cloud Atlas

David Mitchell's third novel, Cloud Atlas, is his third book. It was first released in 2004. It earned the Richard & Judy "Book of the Year" award as well as the British Book Awards Literary Fiction award.

Cloud Atlas is a dazzling collection of intertwined tales. Mitchell's six separate tales span many decades, from a 19th-century American notary's journal to a post-apocalyptic memoir of a herdsman named Zachry. Every testimonial defies the laws of time and space.

3. Appointment

Ian McEwan's Atonement is a British metafiction novel published in 2001. It covers an upper-class girl's half-innocent mistake that ruins lives, her adulthood in the shadow of that mistake, and a reflection on the nature of writing. It is set in three time periods: 1935 England, Second World War England and France, and present-day England.

The lives of young lovers Cecilia Tall is (Keira Knightley) and Robbie Turner are followed in this epic English drama based on Ian McEwan's book (James McAvoy). When Cecilia's envious younger sister, Briony (Saoirse Ronan), fabricates a story, the marriage is torn apart, and all three of them must deal with the consequences.

The hardest hit is Robbie, who is imprisoned as a result of Briony's lie, but Cecilia and her beau's chances improve when their paths intersect during World War II.

The central theme of Atonement is how a person's perspective moulds his or her world inexorably. McEwan filters the narrative through the eyes of a certain character at various stages during the work.

4. Saturday

Ian McEwan's novel Saturday was published in 2005. It takes place on Saturday, February 15, 2003, in Fitzrovia, central London, during a major demonstration against the United States' 2003 invasion of Iraq. Henry Perowne, a 48-year-old neurosurgeon, has arranged a series of errands and pleasures for the evening, ending in a family meal. As he goes about his day, he mulls about the protest's meaning and the issues that prompted it; unfortunately, his day is interrupted by an encounter with a violent and unstable guy.

5.  Electric Light

Seamus Heaney, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1995, published Electric Light, a book of poetry. Childhood, nature, and poetry are all explored in this anthology. The first section includes translations and adaptations, as well as poems about travel in the Gaeltacht, the Balkans, and Greece.

6. District and Circle

Seamus Heaney, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1995, published District and Circle, a book of poems. It was published in 2006 and won the T. S. Eliot Prize for Poetry, the UK's most prestigious poetry prize. The Irish Times' "Poetry Now Award" was also given to the anthology.

7. The Burial at Thebes

The Burial at Thebes: A Version of Sophocles' Antigone is a drama written by Irish Nobel winner Seamus Heaney and based on Sophocles' fifth-century BC tragedy Antigone. Dominique Le Gendre also wrote an opera about it.

The play depicts Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus, giving her traitorous brother Polyneices a type of ritual burial (she scatters his body with dust) against her uncle King Creon's explicit orders and her sister Ismene's advise, despite the fact that she knows the result will be her death.

readmore

Books come as life savers in each circumstance. A long travel, a restless night or a sluggish day, a book can be your companion in each temperament. Cicero said, “A room without books is like a body without a soul.” And we couldn’t concur more. There's nothing more grounded than the control of words. It continuously takes a part of time to choose which book to choose as there are thousands of choices accessible. So spare your time as we show to you the list of 10 jewels of Indian English literature that you simply must perused-

No 1 :

Mahatma Gandhi – (The Story Of My Experiments With The Truth)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi has continuously been a really noticeable figure in Indian history. From his top notch soul to motivating strength, from different contentions to his life as the father of the country, Gandhi has continuously been an curiously, motivating and amazing identity to perused about. If you need to know all almost Gandhi and his travel, you cannot miss out on perusing ‘My Tests with the Truth’, his collection of memoirs that covers his life from early childhood till 1921. The presentation notices how Gandhi continued composing at the request of a individual detainee at Yerwada Central imprison. The personal history was written as week by week diaries and after that compiled and distributed as a book. From his childhood recollections, his tests with eating meat, smoking, drinking and taking to the death of his father, the book captures numerous obscure occasions of Gandhi’s life.

No 2:

R.K. Narayan –( The Guide)

R.K Narayan is best known for stories based in and around the anecdotal town of Malgudi. The Direct is however another story set up in Malgudi. R.K. Narayan won the Sahitya Akademi Grant for the book in 1960. The Direct is the story of a visit direct who changes himself into a otherworldly Master and after that the most noteworthy heavenly man of India. The book was moreover adjusted as a film which featured the amazing performing artist Dev Anand.

No 3:

Rohinton Mistry –( A Fine Balance)

Typically the moment novel by Mistry distributed in 1995 and, like his to begin with novel, Such A Long Travel, this novel as well gotten wide recognition over the globe. A fine adjust rotates around different characters in Mumbai (at that point Bombay) amid the time of turmoil and government crises. The story of fellowship and cherish that advances among the characters of the book will keep you snared till the conclusion.

No 4:

Salman Rushdie –( Midnight’s Children)

Midnight’s Children depicts the travel of India from British run the show to freedom and after that parcel. The book gotten a awesome reaction, winning the Booker Prize in 1981 and the “Booker of Bookers” Prize (commemorating the most excellent among all the Booker victors) twice – in 1993 and 2008! The book voyages to different parts of the nation counting Kashmir, Agra and Mumbai and joins numerous genuine noteworthy occasions.

No 5:

Vikram Seth –( A Suitable Boy)

Distributed in 1993, this 1349-pages-long-book is one of the longest books ever distributed in a single volume within the English Dialect. The story centers on India post-partition as a family looks for a reasonable boy to wed their girl. Seth’s take after up book A Appropriate Young lady is anticipated to be discharged in 2016.

No 6:

Jhumpa Lahiri – (The Interpreter Of Maladies)

This can be a collection of nine stories by Lahiri. The stories are based on lives of Indians and Indian Americans who are misplaced between the two societies. The book was distributed in 1999 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Grant within the year 2000 and has sold over 15 million duplicates around the world.

No 7:

Amitav Ghosh –( The Glass Palace)

This book won Amazing Prize for Fiction at the Frankfurt Worldwide e-Book Grants in 2001. The story is set in Burma and centers on different issues amid the British attack in 1885. The novel flawlessly depicts the circumstances and episodes that made Burma, India and Malaya what they are nowadays. This story of the domain, cherish and the changing society is unquestionably worth perusing.

No 8:

Kiran Desai –( The Inheritance of Loss)

The book, composed over a period of seven a long time after her to begin with book, depicts diverse clashes between different Indian bunches, within the past and at show. It appears how individuals discover the English way of life intriguing conjointly captures the discernment of different openings within the US. The book won Desai different grants counting the Man Booker Prize in 2006 and the National Book Faultfinders Circle Fiction Grant.

No 9:

Vikram Chandra –( Red Earth and Pouring Rain)

Red Earth and Pouring Rain won the 1996 Commonwealth Writers’ Prize for Best To begin with Book. The novel is propelled by the life story of James Skinner, a incredible nineteenth-century Anglo-Indian officer. It too combines Indian myths and history into a story of three college kids. Composed within the design of a story inside a story, the book relates the story of two characters and contains a legendary touch with a cutting edge subplot.

No 10:

Khushwant Singh –( Train to Pakistan)

Train To Pakistan may be a compelling depiction of the segment of India. The book touches upon the human point and brings out the sense of reality and frightfulness. The way Singh has depicted a town where a quiet and cherishing community changes into one driven by contempt and fear is exceptional. The depiction of the characters gives a lift to the book and makes it all the more curiously to examined. Distributed in 1956, the book has moreover been interpreted into Tamil and has been adjusted into a film with the same title.

No 11:

A. K. Ramanujan –( The Collected Poems)

The book could be a collection of sonnets that incorporates sonnets out of the three books he distributed amid his lifetime. He was granted the Sahitya Akademi Grant in 1999 for this compilation. Ramanujan’s different books of Kannada verse have been deciphered in English. He was granted Padma Shri in 1976.

No 12:

Nayantara Sehgal –( Rich Like Us)

Rich Like Us could be a political fiction novel set amid a time of political and social alter between 1932 and the mid-1970s. Sehgal won the 1986 Sahitya Akademi Grant for English for this book. The plot runs along the parallel tracks of two exceptionally distinctive ladies and how the “emergency” changed their lives. The scenery is set at the time when Indira Gandhi announced military law in India.

Famous indian literature

Literaturemini | March 25, 2022 | 0 comments

Books come as life savers in each circumstance. A long travel, a restless night or a sluggish day, a book can be your companion in each temperament. Cicero said, “A room without books is like a body without a soul.” And we couldn’t concur more. There's nothing more grounded than the control of words. It continuously takes a part of time to choose which book to choose as there are thousands of choices accessible. So spare your time as we show to you the list of 10 jewels of Indian English literature that you simply must perused-

No 1 :

Mahatma Gandhi – (The Story Of My Experiments With The Truth)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi has continuously been a really noticeable figure in Indian history. From his top notch soul to motivating strength, from different contentions to his life as the father of the country, Gandhi has continuously been an curiously, motivating and amazing identity to perused about. If you need to know all almost Gandhi and his travel, you cannot miss out on perusing ‘My Tests with the Truth’, his collection of memoirs that covers his life from early childhood till 1921. The presentation notices how Gandhi continued composing at the request of a individual detainee at Yerwada Central imprison. The personal history was written as week by week diaries and after that compiled and distributed as a book. From his childhood recollections, his tests with eating meat, smoking, drinking and taking to the death of his father, the book captures numerous obscure occasions of Gandhi’s life.

No 2:

R.K. Narayan –( The Guide)

R.K Narayan is best known for stories based in and around the anecdotal town of Malgudi. The Direct is however another story set up in Malgudi. R.K. Narayan won the Sahitya Akademi Grant for the book in 1960. The Direct is the story of a visit direct who changes himself into a otherworldly Master and after that the most noteworthy heavenly man of India. The book was moreover adjusted as a film which featured the amazing performing artist Dev Anand.

No 3:

Rohinton Mistry –( A Fine Balance)

Typically the moment novel by Mistry distributed in 1995 and, like his to begin with novel, Such A Long Travel, this novel as well gotten wide recognition over the globe. A fine adjust rotates around different characters in Mumbai (at that point Bombay) amid the time of turmoil and government crises. The story of fellowship and cherish that advances among the characters of the book will keep you snared till the conclusion.

No 4:

Salman Rushdie –( Midnight’s Children)

Midnight’s Children depicts the travel of India from British run the show to freedom and after that parcel. The book gotten a awesome reaction, winning the Booker Prize in 1981 and the “Booker of Bookers” Prize (commemorating the most excellent among all the Booker victors) twice – in 1993 and 2008! The book voyages to different parts of the nation counting Kashmir, Agra and Mumbai and joins numerous genuine noteworthy occasions.

No 5:

Vikram Seth –( A Suitable Boy)

Distributed in 1993, this 1349-pages-long-book is one of the longest books ever distributed in a single volume within the English Dialect. The story centers on India post-partition as a family looks for a reasonable boy to wed their girl. Seth’s take after up book A Appropriate Young lady is anticipated to be discharged in 2016.

No 6:

Jhumpa Lahiri – (The Interpreter Of Maladies)

This can be a collection of nine stories by Lahiri. The stories are based on lives of Indians and Indian Americans who are misplaced between the two societies. The book was distributed in 1999 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Grant within the year 2000 and has sold over 15 million duplicates around the world.

No 7:

Amitav Ghosh –( The Glass Palace)

This book won Amazing Prize for Fiction at the Frankfurt Worldwide e-Book Grants in 2001. The story is set in Burma and centers on different issues amid the British attack in 1885. The novel flawlessly depicts the circumstances and episodes that made Burma, India and Malaya what they are nowadays. This story of the domain, cherish and the changing society is unquestionably worth perusing.

No 8:

Kiran Desai –( The Inheritance of Loss)

The book, composed over a period of seven a long time after her to begin with book, depicts diverse clashes between different Indian bunches, within the past and at show. It appears how individuals discover the English way of life intriguing conjointly captures the discernment of different openings within the US. The book won Desai different grants counting the Man Booker Prize in 2006 and the National Book Faultfinders Circle Fiction Grant.

No 9:

Vikram Chandra –( Red Earth and Pouring Rain)

Red Earth and Pouring Rain won the 1996 Commonwealth Writers’ Prize for Best To begin with Book. The novel is propelled by the life story of James Skinner, a incredible nineteenth-century Anglo-Indian officer. It too combines Indian myths and history into a story of three college kids. Composed within the design of a story inside a story, the book relates the story of two characters and contains a legendary touch with a cutting edge subplot.

No 10:

Khushwant Singh –( Train to Pakistan)

Train To Pakistan may be a compelling depiction of the segment of India. The book touches upon the human point and brings out the sense of reality and frightfulness. The way Singh has depicted a town where a quiet and cherishing community changes into one driven by contempt and fear is exceptional. The depiction of the characters gives a lift to the book and makes it all the more curiously to examined. Distributed in 1956, the book has moreover been interpreted into Tamil and has been adjusted into a film with the same title.

No 11:

A. K. Ramanujan –( The Collected Poems)

The book could be a collection of sonnets that incorporates sonnets out of the three books he distributed amid his lifetime. He was granted the Sahitya Akademi Grant in 1999 for this compilation. Ramanujan’s different books of Kannada verse have been deciphered in English. He was granted Padma Shri in 1976.

No 12:

Nayantara Sehgal –( Rich Like Us)

Rich Like Us could be a political fiction novel set amid a time of political and social alter between 1932 and the mid-1970s. Sehgal won the 1986 Sahitya Akademi Grant for English for this book. The plot runs along the parallel tracks of two exceptionally distinctive ladies and how the “emergency” changed their lives. The scenery is set at the time when Indira Gandhi announced military law in India.

readmore

Writing that was composed some time recently 1947 is considered as Indian writing. Writing in Sanskrit which incorporates the sacrosanct books – the Vedas, Upanishads is within the frame of sagas in Indian literature. This is since of the significance alloted to the dialect ‘Sanskrit’ in old India. It was the lingua franca and high culture dialect because it was instructed to the upper-class Brahmins (great and ethical) who were said to be born out of the mouth of deity(Purusha) concurring to Rigveda. After 1947, Indian structure was composed agreeing to which 22 dialects are authoritatively recognized. So Indian Writing was constrained to pre-republic India.

Characteristics of indian literature:

1. Religion:

Based on the old history of India ruled by Brahmins, the upper taught administering religious course, Religion (Most profound sense of being) was the essential concern. Attaining paradise (Mukti) and Resurrection are the two primary center of Hinduism. Charity (Dana) is the concept that's emphasized in Vedas to accomplish paradise agreeing to the teaching of Karma.

2. Deeds:

Deeds of the past decide the state of the present’ is the concept of rebirth. In the event that respectable deeds are wiped out the past, respectable birth within the display is guaranteed. Ramayana is the story of Slam, the rebirth of Master Vishnu.

3 .Human Values:

Human values are too a characteristic of Indian writing inside the broader web of ‘Religion’. Submission- to the one over, to keep up the words talked i.e not breaking guarantees at any fetched, bravery- in war are the imperative values conferred through the sacrosanct books and sagas.

4.Obedience

Obedience Obedience to the over – it can cruel a individual in control or an senior individual. As in Ramayana, Smash complied his father Dasharatha when inquired to go into oust and Hanuman (an gorilla saint) complies Sugriva (the gorilla ruler) quickly when he was inquired to go in look of Sita, Rama’s wife. Keeping up guarantees at any fetched is seen in Ramayana where Kaikeyi, one of the three spouses of Dasharatha gets two guarantees concurring to which she needs Rama to be sent in banish and her child Bharata to be delegated as a lord, which the lord satisfies and Rama, the primary legitimate child to be delegated is sent in oust and Bharata is inquired to be delegated indeed at the taken a toll of his life.

5. Bravery

Bravery in war front is seen in both Ramayana and Mahabharata which includes the two extraordinary epic wars; The Ramayana war and The Mahabharata war- fight at Kurukshetra where the armed force of both the parties [(Rama and Ravana in Ramayana) and (Pandavas and Kauravas in Mahabharata)] battle bravely for triumph.

6. Love

‘Love’ is one of the major characteristic centered on Indian writing. All shapes of adore as Parental cherish (In Janaka, ruler of Mithila made him acknowledge Sita; found in-furrow of the field, as his girl and Dasharatha passes on after Rama is sent to banish), Conjugal cherish (In Sita, that she went with her spouse Rama into oust), adore of brothers (In Lakshmana that he went with Rama into oust and in Bharata that he rejected the crown) and adore of companions (in Karna that he stands by Kauravas against his possess brothers) are included.

7. Morality

Virtue remunerated and bad habit rebuffed is the equity done agreeing to the Dharma, which could be a characteristic of Indian writing. Ravana and Kauravas indecencies of Ramayana and Mahabharata were vanquished in war and were killed. Indian writing reflects the caste framework that existed amid that period. It is concurring to Vedas, individuals are isolated into four Varna based on their calling; Brahmins (that incorporates clerics and learned men), Kshatriyas (that incorporates nobles, knights, troopers and other directors), Vaishya (that incorporate laborers and businessmen) and Shudras (who were utilized in other menial labours. This caste framework is utilized within the two legends, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

8. Poetic Form

The wonderful shape was considered as the standard composed frame in antiquated India, that Indian writing was in verses. Ramayana has 24,000 verses and Mahabharata has over 100,000 verses that it takes time for perusers to get it them. Sacrosanct books were too within the lovely frame called Mantras that are presented amid revere. All these shapes the characteristic of Indian writing.

Characteristics of indian literature

Literaturemini | March 25, 2022 | 0 comments

Writing that was composed some time recently 1947 is considered as Indian writing. Writing in Sanskrit which incorporates the sacrosanct books – the Vedas, Upanishads is within the frame of sagas in Indian literature. This is since of the significance alloted to the dialect ‘Sanskrit’ in old India. It was the lingua franca and high culture dialect because it was instructed to the upper-class Brahmins (great and ethical) who were said to be born out of the mouth of deity(Purusha) concurring to Rigveda. After 1947, Indian structure was composed agreeing to which 22 dialects are authoritatively recognized. So Indian Writing was constrained to pre-republic India.

Characteristics of indian literature:

1. Religion:

Based on the old history of India ruled by Brahmins, the upper taught administering religious course, Religion (Most profound sense of being) was the essential concern. Attaining paradise (Mukti) and Resurrection are the two primary center of Hinduism. Charity (Dana) is the concept that's emphasized in Vedas to accomplish paradise agreeing to the teaching of Karma.

2. Deeds:

Deeds of the past decide the state of the present’ is the concept of rebirth. In the event that respectable deeds are wiped out the past, respectable birth within the display is guaranteed. Ramayana is the story of Slam, the rebirth of Master Vishnu.

3 .Human Values:

Human values are too a characteristic of Indian writing inside the broader web of ‘Religion’. Submission- to the one over, to keep up the words talked i.e not breaking guarantees at any fetched, bravery- in war are the imperative values conferred through the sacrosanct books and sagas.

4.Obedience

Obedience Obedience to the over – it can cruel a individual in control or an senior individual. As in Ramayana, Smash complied his father Dasharatha when inquired to go into oust and Hanuman (an gorilla saint) complies Sugriva (the gorilla ruler) quickly when he was inquired to go in look of Sita, Rama’s wife. Keeping up guarantees at any fetched is seen in Ramayana where Kaikeyi, one of the three spouses of Dasharatha gets two guarantees concurring to which she needs Rama to be sent in banish and her child Bharata to be delegated as a lord, which the lord satisfies and Rama, the primary legitimate child to be delegated is sent in oust and Bharata is inquired to be delegated indeed at the taken a toll of his life.

5. Bravery

Bravery in war front is seen in both Ramayana and Mahabharata which includes the two extraordinary epic wars; The Ramayana war and The Mahabharata war- fight at Kurukshetra where the armed force of both the parties [(Rama and Ravana in Ramayana) and (Pandavas and Kauravas in Mahabharata)] battle bravely for triumph.

6. Love

‘Love’ is one of the major characteristic centered on Indian writing. All shapes of adore as Parental cherish (In Janaka, ruler of Mithila made him acknowledge Sita; found in-furrow of the field, as his girl and Dasharatha passes on after Rama is sent to banish), Conjugal cherish (In Sita, that she went with her spouse Rama into oust), adore of brothers (In Lakshmana that he went with Rama into oust and in Bharata that he rejected the crown) and adore of companions (in Karna that he stands by Kauravas against his possess brothers) are included.

7. Morality

Virtue remunerated and bad habit rebuffed is the equity done agreeing to the Dharma, which could be a characteristic of Indian writing. Ravana and Kauravas indecencies of Ramayana and Mahabharata were vanquished in war and were killed. Indian writing reflects the caste framework that existed amid that period. It is concurring to Vedas, individuals are isolated into four Varna based on their calling; Brahmins (that incorporates clerics and learned men), Kshatriyas (that incorporates nobles, knights, troopers and other directors), Vaishya (that incorporate laborers and businessmen) and Shudras (who were utilized in other menial labours. This caste framework is utilized within the two legends, Ramayana and Mahabharata.

8. Poetic Form

The wonderful shape was considered as the standard composed frame in antiquated India, that Indian writing was in verses. Ramayana has 24,000 verses and Mahabharata has over 100,000 verses that it takes time for perusers to get it them. Sacrosanct books were too within the lovely frame called Mantras that are presented amid revere. All these shapes the characteristic of Indian writing.

readmore

Classical writing alludes to the extraordinary perfect works of art of Greek, Roman, and other antiquated civilizations. The works of Homer, Ovid, and Sophocles are all cases of classical writing. The term isn't fair restricted to books. It can moreover incorporate epic, verse, catastrophe, comedy, peaceful, and other shapes of composing.

The present day period of Indian writing started within the 18th century with the colonization of India by the British. There was not a total break with the past, be that as it may. The impact of the early Sanskrit classics could still be seen within the cutting edge books, verse, and dramatization that were being reshaped by Western political thoughts and scholarly styles.

SANSKRIT CLASSIC:

The most body of classical Sanskrit writing comprises of the sacrosanct Hindu collections of lyrics and psalms known as the Vedas; the commentaries on the Vedas within the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads; epic verse and intelligence writing; and verse in a fashion called kavya.

The most seasoned of the Vedas—and the most seasoned report within the writing of the Indian subcontinent—is the Rigveda (“Knowledge of the Verses”) of about 1500 bc. The basic content of Brahmanical Hinduism, it is to a great extent a compilation of psalms devoted to the divine beings of the old Vedic religion. The moment Veda, the Yajurveda (“Knowledge of the Sacrifice”; approximately 1200 bc), contains sacrosanct equations presented by clerics amid penances. The third, the Samaveda (“Knowledge of the Chants”; almost 1100 bc), is basically an collection of Rigveda writing. The fourth, the Atharvaveda (“Knowledge of the Fire Priest”; almost 1200 bc), contains psalms, chants, and enchantment charms.

Whereas all of the Vedas were composed in verse, the Brahmanas, or commentaries and instruction in custom (900 to 700 bc), were composed in a dry, descriptive composition. So were the Aranyakas (“Books Considered within the Forest”), composed from around 800 to 600 bc. Distant more curiously and lucid were the Upanishads, or philosophical treatises, dated from almost 700 to 500 bc.

The title Upanishad suggests a student sitting at the feet of a respected instructor, and the 108 known Upanishads—written in both composition and verse—record the shrewdness of a progression of Hindu sages and instructors. These writings frame the premise of much afterward Hindu logic. They speak to the final organize of Vedic convention, and the instructing based on them is known as the Vedanta, or conclusion of the Veda. The extraordinary concern of the Upanishads is with the nature of reality. They display a vision of an interconnected universe with a single, binding together rule behind the clear differing qualities within the universe.

The chief works within the Sanskrit epic and intelligence convention are the Mahabharata (“Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty”), approximately 400 bc to advertisement 400; the Ramayana (“Romance of Rama”), likely not some time recently 300 bc; and the Puranas (“Ancient Lore”), almost advertisement 350 to 1500.

The Mahabharata, which contains almost 100,000 couplets, is the longest lyric ever composed. It come to its show frame around advertisement 400 and comprises of a mass of amazing and intelligence fabric worked around a central gallant account concerning the battle for control between two related families. Inside this colossal work is the celebrated and persuasive Bhagavadgita (“Song of the Lord”). This poem, composed maybe within the 1st or 2nd century advertisement, comprises of 700 verses isolated into 18 chapters.

Composed as a discourse between the warrior ruler Arjuna and his companion Krishna, an incarnation of the god Vishnu, the lyric goes past a fundamental war story to consider the nature of God. It presents three ways to salvation: those of great activities, information, and dedication to God. The Mahabharata has long remained a prevalent work within the writing of South Asia and Southeast Asia, and numerous of the episodes that this amazing work relates have been carved in stone, eminently at Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom in Cambodia.

The Ramayana is less an epic than a sentiment, describing the story of Sovereign Rama and his spouse, Sita. In its display frame it comprises of 24,000 couplets isolated into seven parts. The story presents Rama as the perfect lord and Sita as the perfect spouse. The lyric still appreciates monstrous notoriety all through India, and within the north its occasions are sanctioned in an yearly show. In other parts of India and Southeast Asia the story has shaped a premise for plays and move.

The Puranas, of which 18 foremost ones survive, are exhaustive works, regularly of significant length, that bargain with the mythology of Hinduism, the adventures of heroes, the legends of holy people, and the parentages of the divine beings. The foremost critical of them, the Bhagavata-purana, celebrates the god Vishnu in his numerous signs, especially his incarnation as Krishna. This book has had an colossal affect on Indian religion, craftsmanship, and writing, and a few Indian researchers consider it the most noteworthy lyric ever composed. There are too 18 upa-puranas (lesser Puranas) that treat much the same fabric utilized within the major ones.

The kavyas were Sanskrit court legends, generally in verse of a profoundly fake fashion characterized by expand meter and figures of discourse. Their subject matter was inferred basically from the prior sagas. The most punctual surviving kavya writing was composed within the 1st or 2nd century advertisement by a Buddhist, Ashvaghosha. The most noteworthy of the kavya writers was Kalidasa, who is believed to have lived within the late 4th and early 5th centuries. The impact of kavya verse ruled Indian scholarly taste for a thousand a long time.

Sanskrit account writing is so plenteous and wealthy that for a time it was accepted that all folktales begun in India. Numerous Indian stories have found their way into other literatures—for case, the Islamic Middle eastern Evenings, the Decameron of Boccaccio, and the stories of La Fontaine and Hans Christian Andersen. The most excellent Sanskrit collection of tales is the Panchatantra (“Five Chapters”), a compilation of creature stories that has circulated broadly in other parts of the world in different interpretations. In Europe the work was known as The Tales of Bidpai, after their narrator. 


Classic indian literature

Literaturemini | March 25, 2022 | 0 comments

Classical writing alludes to the extraordinary perfect works of art of Greek, Roman, and other antiquated civilizations. The works of Homer, Ovid, and Sophocles are all cases of classical writing. The term isn't fair restricted to books. It can moreover incorporate epic, verse, catastrophe, comedy, peaceful, and other shapes of composing.

The present day period of Indian writing started within the 18th century with the colonization of India by the British. There was not a total break with the past, be that as it may. The impact of the early Sanskrit classics could still be seen within the cutting edge books, verse, and dramatization that were being reshaped by Western political thoughts and scholarly styles.

SANSKRIT CLASSIC:

The most body of classical Sanskrit writing comprises of the sacrosanct Hindu collections of lyrics and psalms known as the Vedas; the commentaries on the Vedas within the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads; epic verse and intelligence writing; and verse in a fashion called kavya.

The most seasoned of the Vedas—and the most seasoned report within the writing of the Indian subcontinent—is the Rigveda (“Knowledge of the Verses”) of about 1500 bc. The basic content of Brahmanical Hinduism, it is to a great extent a compilation of psalms devoted to the divine beings of the old Vedic religion. The moment Veda, the Yajurveda (“Knowledge of the Sacrifice”; approximately 1200 bc), contains sacrosanct equations presented by clerics amid penances. The third, the Samaveda (“Knowledge of the Chants”; almost 1100 bc), is basically an collection of Rigveda writing. The fourth, the Atharvaveda (“Knowledge of the Fire Priest”; almost 1200 bc), contains psalms, chants, and enchantment charms.

Whereas all of the Vedas were composed in verse, the Brahmanas, or commentaries and instruction in custom (900 to 700 bc), were composed in a dry, descriptive composition. So were the Aranyakas (“Books Considered within the Forest”), composed from around 800 to 600 bc. Distant more curiously and lucid were the Upanishads, or philosophical treatises, dated from almost 700 to 500 bc.

The title Upanishad suggests a student sitting at the feet of a respected instructor, and the 108 known Upanishads—written in both composition and verse—record the shrewdness of a progression of Hindu sages and instructors. These writings frame the premise of much afterward Hindu logic. They speak to the final organize of Vedic convention, and the instructing based on them is known as the Vedanta, or conclusion of the Veda. The extraordinary concern of the Upanishads is with the nature of reality. They display a vision of an interconnected universe with a single, binding together rule behind the clear differing qualities within the universe.

The chief works within the Sanskrit epic and intelligence convention are the Mahabharata (“Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty”), approximately 400 bc to advertisement 400; the Ramayana (“Romance of Rama”), likely not some time recently 300 bc; and the Puranas (“Ancient Lore”), almost advertisement 350 to 1500.

The Mahabharata, which contains almost 100,000 couplets, is the longest lyric ever composed. It come to its show frame around advertisement 400 and comprises of a mass of amazing and intelligence fabric worked around a central gallant account concerning the battle for control between two related families. Inside this colossal work is the celebrated and persuasive Bhagavadgita (“Song of the Lord”). This poem, composed maybe within the 1st or 2nd century advertisement, comprises of 700 verses isolated into 18 chapters.

Composed as a discourse between the warrior ruler Arjuna and his companion Krishna, an incarnation of the god Vishnu, the lyric goes past a fundamental war story to consider the nature of God. It presents three ways to salvation: those of great activities, information, and dedication to God. The Mahabharata has long remained a prevalent work within the writing of South Asia and Southeast Asia, and numerous of the episodes that this amazing work relates have been carved in stone, eminently at Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom in Cambodia.

The Ramayana is less an epic than a sentiment, describing the story of Sovereign Rama and his spouse, Sita. In its display frame it comprises of 24,000 couplets isolated into seven parts. The story presents Rama as the perfect lord and Sita as the perfect spouse. The lyric still appreciates monstrous notoriety all through India, and within the north its occasions are sanctioned in an yearly show. In other parts of India and Southeast Asia the story has shaped a premise for plays and move.

The Puranas, of which 18 foremost ones survive, are exhaustive works, regularly of significant length, that bargain with the mythology of Hinduism, the adventures of heroes, the legends of holy people, and the parentages of the divine beings. The foremost critical of them, the Bhagavata-purana, celebrates the god Vishnu in his numerous signs, especially his incarnation as Krishna. This book has had an colossal affect on Indian religion, craftsmanship, and writing, and a few Indian researchers consider it the most noteworthy lyric ever composed. There are too 18 upa-puranas (lesser Puranas) that treat much the same fabric utilized within the major ones.

The kavyas were Sanskrit court legends, generally in verse of a profoundly fake fashion characterized by expand meter and figures of discourse. Their subject matter was inferred basically from the prior sagas. The most punctual surviving kavya writing was composed within the 1st or 2nd century advertisement by a Buddhist, Ashvaghosha. The most noteworthy of the kavya writers was Kalidasa, who is believed to have lived within the late 4th and early 5th centuries. The impact of kavya verse ruled Indian scholarly taste for a thousand a long time.

Sanskrit account writing is so plenteous and wealthy that for a time it was accepted that all folktales begun in India. Numerous Indian stories have found their way into other literatures—for case, the Islamic Middle eastern Evenings, the Decameron of Boccaccio, and the stories of La Fontaine and Hans Christian Andersen. The most excellent Sanskrit collection of tales is the Panchatantra (“Five Chapters”), a compilation of creature stories that has circulated broadly in other parts of the world in different interpretations. In Europe the work was known as The Tales of Bidpai, after their narrator. 


readmore

In 1835, Britain's Ruler Macaulay sneered that "a single rack of European books [is] worth the total writing of India and Arabia." Hindu writing says MIT reasoning teacher Huston Smith needs a awful component since within the Hindu see no one lifetime decides accomplishment or failure.

The family is vital in Indian writing and dramatization. Both the “Mahabharata” and “Ramayana”—the two most celebrated works of Indian writing and theater— are family legends, highlighting cousins, uncles and aunts “struggling and murdering each other over arrive and dharma and after that grieving miserably." Numerous American shows include intense people. When these stories are adjusted to India the people are to begin with given a mother, father and in a perfect world a brother or sister. The Hindi adaptation of Harry Potter offers for $3.60. In Kerala, books in Malayalam surpass English books 10 to 1.

Numerous Indians ave a energy for Persian verse. “Laila Majnu” may be a incredible Persian cherish story moreover well known in India. Sufism—mystical Islam—has had a solid affect on Indian writing. Typically most apparent within the verse of extraordinary aces such as Kabir (1440-1518) a writer holy person who made a difference present Sufi otherworldliness to wide group of onlookers among Muslims , Hindus and Sikhs.

The Gupta Realm (A.D. 320 to 647) is respected as the classical period or brilliant age of Hindu craftsmanship, writing and science. Craftsmanship (regularly suggestive), design and writing, all patronized by the Gupta court, prospered. Logic and science moreover enjoyed a kind of brilliant period. Beneath the Guptas, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata were at long last composed down within the A.D. 4th century. India's most prominent writer and playwright, Kalidasa, procured acclaim communicating the values of the wealthy and effective . Verse within the Gupta age tended towards some classes: devout and reflective verse, verse verse, account histories (the foremost prevalent of the mainstream literary works), and show. The Nalanda College in Bihar, came to acclaim amid the Gupta run the show. [Sources: Great India, Library of Congress *]

Although Sanskrit was the dialect of learning and religious philosophy in South India, because it was within the north, the development of the bhakti (reverential) developments improved the crystallization of vernacular writing in all four major Dravidian dialects: Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada; they frequently borrowed topics and lexicon from Sanskrit but protected much neighborhood social legend. Cases of Tamil writing incorporate two major lyrics, Cilappatikaram (The Jeweled Anklet) and Manimekalai (The Jewelled Belt); the body of reverential writing of Shaivism and Vaishnavism — Hindu reverential developments; and the revamping of the Ramayana by Kambar within the twelfth century.

English is apparently the foremost vital thing the British cleared out behind in India. English made a difference bind together the Indian subcontinent by giving a common dialect for a locale with a large number of dialects and lingos. It moreover given a common tongue for organization and instruction. The Indian structure and Indian lawful code are composed in English and the celebrated discourse conveyed by Nehru after India got to be autonomous was in English. English is particularly well known among the rich center class. As was genuine within the colonial time, English could be a prerequisite to getting ahead, particularly within the outsourcing and innovation world. English is more broadly talked in southern India than northern India in portion since southerners reluctant to utilize Hindi.

The way English is talked changes a incredible bargain from put to put and with levels of familiarity and riches. It is commonly said that there are at slightest 15 diverse sorts of English, one to go with each of the each of the official dialects.

Whereas Classic Sanskrit Writing created amid the primary few centuries of the primary thousand years BCE, so did the Pali Rule and Tamil Sangam literature.

Additionally, the Tamil Sangam writing is additionally an necessarily portion of the Indian writing since the very ancient times. It ranges over more than 2000 a long time presently. It to boot known for its wonderful nature, the philosophical writings as well as the common vision of the writers.

The works of Tamil journalists is comprehensive of the social, conservative as well as political viewpoints of the Tamil history. Also, the Tamil Sangam literature is generally by individuals having a place from South India. The most seasoned work of writing which is able to outlive from that period is Tolkappiyam, a work on the Linguistic use of Tamil. Additionally, the Tamil Sangam writing that's known to the students of history nowadays is known to advance amid the Third Sangam.

 


Speciality of indian literature

Green Land | March 24, 2022 | 0 comments

In 1835, Britain's Ruler Macaulay sneered that "a single rack of European books [is] worth the total writing of India and Arabia." Hindu writing says MIT reasoning teacher Huston Smith needs a awful component since within the Hindu see no one lifetime decides accomplishment or failure.

The family is vital in Indian writing and dramatization. Both the “Mahabharata” and “Ramayana”—the two most celebrated works of Indian writing and theater— are family legends, highlighting cousins, uncles and aunts “struggling and murdering each other over arrive and dharma and after that grieving miserably." Numerous American shows include intense people. When these stories are adjusted to India the people are to begin with given a mother, father and in a perfect world a brother or sister. The Hindi adaptation of Harry Potter offers for $3.60. In Kerala, books in Malayalam surpass English books 10 to 1.

Numerous Indians ave a energy for Persian verse. “Laila Majnu” may be a incredible Persian cherish story moreover well known in India. Sufism—mystical Islam—has had a solid affect on Indian writing. Typically most apparent within the verse of extraordinary aces such as Kabir (1440-1518) a writer holy person who made a difference present Sufi otherworldliness to wide group of onlookers among Muslims , Hindus and Sikhs.

The Gupta Realm (A.D. 320 to 647) is respected as the classical period or brilliant age of Hindu craftsmanship, writing and science. Craftsmanship (regularly suggestive), design and writing, all patronized by the Gupta court, prospered. Logic and science moreover enjoyed a kind of brilliant period. Beneath the Guptas, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata were at long last composed down within the A.D. 4th century. India's most prominent writer and playwright, Kalidasa, procured acclaim communicating the values of the wealthy and effective . Verse within the Gupta age tended towards some classes: devout and reflective verse, verse verse, account histories (the foremost prevalent of the mainstream literary works), and show. The Nalanda College in Bihar, came to acclaim amid the Gupta run the show. [Sources: Great India, Library of Congress *]

Although Sanskrit was the dialect of learning and religious philosophy in South India, because it was within the north, the development of the bhakti (reverential) developments improved the crystallization of vernacular writing in all four major Dravidian dialects: Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada; they frequently borrowed topics and lexicon from Sanskrit but protected much neighborhood social legend. Cases of Tamil writing incorporate two major lyrics, Cilappatikaram (The Jeweled Anklet) and Manimekalai (The Jewelled Belt); the body of reverential writing of Shaivism and Vaishnavism — Hindu reverential developments; and the revamping of the Ramayana by Kambar within the twelfth century.

English is apparently the foremost vital thing the British cleared out behind in India. English made a difference bind together the Indian subcontinent by giving a common dialect for a locale with a large number of dialects and lingos. It moreover given a common tongue for organization and instruction. The Indian structure and Indian lawful code are composed in English and the celebrated discourse conveyed by Nehru after India got to be autonomous was in English. English is particularly well known among the rich center class. As was genuine within the colonial time, English could be a prerequisite to getting ahead, particularly within the outsourcing and innovation world. English is more broadly talked in southern India than northern India in portion since southerners reluctant to utilize Hindi.

The way English is talked changes a incredible bargain from put to put and with levels of familiarity and riches. It is commonly said that there are at slightest 15 diverse sorts of English, one to go with each of the each of the official dialects.

Whereas Classic Sanskrit Writing created amid the primary few centuries of the primary thousand years BCE, so did the Pali Rule and Tamil Sangam literature.

Additionally, the Tamil Sangam writing is additionally an necessarily portion of the Indian writing since the very ancient times. It ranges over more than 2000 a long time presently. It to boot known for its wonderful nature, the philosophical writings as well as the common vision of the writers.

The works of Tamil journalists is comprehensive of the social, conservative as well as political viewpoints of the Tamil history. Also, the Tamil Sangam literature is generally by individuals having a place from South India. The most seasoned work of writing which is able to outlive from that period is Tolkappiyam, a work on the Linguistic use of Tamil. Additionally, the Tamil Sangam writing that's known to the students of history nowadays is known to advance amid the Third Sangam.

 


readmore

Common Grammar Mistakes

Even after years of education, some people continue to make mistakes. It's algebra for me. It's the laws of physics for others. And for many, it's a matter of grammar.

It's not an easy task. When you write down words and phrases that sound fine in your head, they can look like gibberish — assuming you even realize you made a mistake in the first place. It's easy to overlook minor grammatical errors, especially when self-editing .But how do you avoid making grammatical mistakes if you're not even aware you're doing so?

So, start by skimming through this article to see which common grammar errors strike a chord with you. (Don't worry, we're all guilty of at least one of these.) Make a mental note of it.

1) Present tense and past tense

When telling a story in the present tense, present tenses are used to talk about the present, the future, and to summarize a book, film, or play.

In the English language, there are four different forms of the present tense.

I study, in the Present Simple

I am studying in the present continuous.

I have studied in the past perfect tense.

I've been studying in the present perfect continuous.

Rules:

You can use the past tense to discuss completed events or situations. In English, you can also use the past tense to discuss long-standing events and situations that have already occurred in the past.

For example, when I was a kid, I used to live in the country.

Here are a few examples of past simple verbs: are, was, were, and went.

2) How to Avoid Using Adverbs Excessively

Adverbs are a diverse group of words that can be used to express a wide range of meanings.

Adverbs can thus be a useful word group. However, you should avoid overusing these words to describe actions and events.

Manner adverbs are the most commonly overused adverbs; this type of adverb modifies the verb.

As an example:

Alex vigorously shook her head.

He was in a good mood now, and he smiled broadly as he reached for his mug of tea.

When you rely too heavily on manner adverbs in your stories, you run into a common problem.

As an example:

Lee entered the room slowly as the curtain slowly opened. He approached Emma aggressively after noticing her flirting with Jack. 'What are you doing here?' he yelled angrily.

The following is the same extract, but with the manner verbs highling Yourselves entered the room slowly as the curtain slowly opened. He approached Emma aggressively after noticing her flirting with Jack. 'What are you doing here?' he yelled angrily.

Adverbs should be used to show rather than tell the reader what is happening in the story.

3) Mistakes in using Your/You're

These words are also trouble makers homophones that cause a slew of issues.

Rules:

"Your" denotes ownership and establishes that something is yours.

"You're" is a contraction of "You are."

Here's how to avoid using these phrases:

Your stunning.

Do you have any idea when your be leaving?

Is it okay if I borrow you're coat?

How to do it correctly:

You're stunning.

Do you have any idea when you'll be leaving?

Is it okay if I borrow your shirt?

4) Apostrophe Mistakes

Apostrophes are a little tricky at first, but once you learn the rules, they become second nature. A common blunder is putting an apostrophe in the wrong place.

Rules:

Apostrophes are used to indicate that something belongs to or is owned by someone else.

Place the apostrophe before the letter 'S' to show that something belongs to a single person.

"The girl's bag," for example.

The apostrophe must be placed after the letter 'S' to show that something belongs to more than one person.

"The girls' bag," for example.

Apostrophes are also used in contracted words like "Can't" to show that the 'O' in "Cannot" is missing.

When making a word plural, apostrophes should never be used.

5) There / Their / They're

You might find that these nagging homophones are giving you a headache.

Rules:

"Over there," for example, is a way of referring to a location that isn't here.

When referring to who owns something, use "their" to show that it belongs to that person.

Use the abbreviation "They're" instead of "They are."

Here's how to avoid using these phrases:

They’re be here in no time.

We should make contact with they’re friend.

Is it possible to use there home?

Their a counter-argument that says.

Here's how to properly use these words:

They'll be here in no time.

We should get in touch with their friend.

Is it okay if we use their home?

There is a counter-argumidentical

6) Words and spellings that are similar but not identical

Words that sound similar or are spelled similarly but have different meanings and must be used in different contexts abound in the English language.

Making sure to use the right word in the right context, rather than a similar but incorrect one, is perhaps the most common stumbling block for people learning English as a second language.

Only by learning which words fit in which context on a case-by-case basis will you be able to avoid this problem.

Here are a few words that people frequently mix up:

"Two," "too," and "to" are all words that can be used interchangeably.

"Here" and "hear" are two words that can be used interchangeably.

"Your" and "you're" are two different words for the same thing.

"Weather" and "whether" are two words that come to mind.

7) Making comparisons that aren't complete

Many words in the English language imply a comparison, and it's a common grammatical error to use them without "completing the comparison."

Here's an example of a comparison that isn't complete:


"Today was much colder."

You must complete this comparison to make this example grammatically correct. Here's one way to go about it:

"Today was a lot colder than yesterday."

8) Confusion between adjectives and adverbs

When you mix up your adjectives and adverbs, your speech or writing will come across as very informal and even uneducated, which will irritate many English teachers.

This problem is most noticeable with words that end in "-ly."

Here are a few examples of grammatical errors:

"Yesterday was a real nice day."

"I ran quick to the classroom."

Here's how these two examples would look if they were corrected grammatically:

"Yesterday was a really nice day."

"I ran quickly to the classroom."

9. It's &. Its

Even the best writers get confused by this one. "It's" is a contraction of "it is," and "its" is possessive. Many people are confused because "it's" has an's after it, which usually indicates that something is possessive. In this case, however, it's a contraction.

To find this error in your writing, press control + F. It's difficult to notice on your own, but it's a blunder that anyone can make.

10. Uses of I & Me

Most people are aware of the distinction between the two until they are forced to use one in a sentence.

"Could you please send that lab report to Bill and I once you've finished it?"

As proper as the sentence above appears to be, it is incorrect.

Try removing Bill from that sentence; it sounds strange, doesn't it? When someone is finished, you would never ask them to send something to "I." Because "I" is the subject of that sentence, it sounds strange. "I" should not be used in objects. In that case, you'd say "me."

"Could you please send that lab report to Bill and me once you've finished it?"

11. What is the difference between to and too?

When texting in a hurry, we've all forgotten to add the second "o" to "too." But, in case the error is more serious, let's go over some usage guidelines.

The preposition "to" is usually used before a noun or verb to indicate a destination, recipient, or action. Consider the following examples:

I was driven to my doctor's appointment by a friend. (Destination)

I forwarded the documents to my boss. (Recipient)

I'm going to go get some coffee. (Action)

The word "too," on the other hand, is used as a substitute for "also" or "as well." It's also used to describe the extremes of an adjective. Take a look at:

Sophia Bernazzani, a colleague of mine, also contributes to the HubSpot marketing blog.

"She is a vegan too."

"We both agree that it is far too cold outside."

You may have noticed that when the word "too" is used, there is some unusual comma usage. We'll go over commas in more detail later, but the general rule is to use a comma both before and after the word "too" to replace "also" or "as well." The only exception is when "too" is the last word in the sentence, in which case it should be followed by a period.

12. Uses of Who & That

This is a tricky one. These two words can be used in a phrase like "Lindsay is a blogger who enjoys ice cream," to describe someone or something. Make sure to use "who" when describing a person.

Use the word "that" when describing an object. For instance, you could say, "Her computer is the one that constantly overheats." It's a simple concept, but it's one that is frequently overlooked.

13. Who vs. Whom vs. Whose vs. Who's.

This one looks like a bit of a doozy. Let's break it down, shall we?

"Who" is used to identify a living pronoun. If you asked, "Who ate all of the cookies?" the answer could be a person, like myself ("I did"), or another living being ("the dog did").

Hey, both are realistic scenarios in my world.

"Whom" is a little trickier. It's usually used to describe someone who's receiving something, like a letter -- "To whom will it be addressed?" But it can also be used to describe someone on the receiving end of an action, like in this sentence:
 Who vs. Whom vs. Whose vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who' This one appears to be a bit of a challenge. Let's take a look at it in more detail.

A living pronoun is identified by the word "who." "Who ate all of the cookies?" you might wonder. A person, such as myself ("I did"), or another living being could be the answer ("the dog did").

In my opinion, both scenarios are plausible.

"Whom" is a little more difficult. "To whom will it be addressed?" is a common phrase used to describe someone who is receiving something, such as a letter. But, as in this sentence, it can also be used to describe someone who is on the receiving end of an action:

Whom did we enlist to help us with the podcast?

The word "whose" is used to designate who owns something. Try to spot the mistake in this question:

Who's shirt is this?

Because the shirt is owned by someone, it should be written as follows:

Whose shirt is this?

"Who's," on the other hand, is a word that is used to refer to a living thing. It's a contraction for "who is"; here's how we might use it in a sentence in Boston:

Who's pitching for the blue Sox tonight?

Do you see the distinction? "Whose" is used to determine who owns something, whereas "who's" is used to identify someone who is performing a task.

14. Then & Than

What is the flaw in this sentence?

My performance was better than yours.

In the preceding sentence, ""Then" should be replaced with "than." "What is the reason for this? Because "than" is primarily used to make comparisons, such as when saying one thing is "better" than another. The adverb "then" is primarily used to place actions in time:

We cooked dinner, then ate it.

15. Compliment vs. Complement

Because these two words are pronounced identically, it's easy to get them mixed up. They are, however, very different.

When something "complements" another, it means that it completes, enhances, or perfects it. A wine selection, for example, can complement a meal, just as two colors can complement each other.

However, the term "compliment" refers to an expression of praise (as a noun), as well as praise or admiration for someone (as a verb). You can either compliment a friend's new haircut or compliment someone else's haircut.

15 Most Common Grammar Mistakes

Literaturemini | March 24, 2022 | 0 comments

Common Grammar Mistakes

Even after years of education, some people continue to make mistakes. It's algebra for me. It's the laws of physics for others. And for many, it's a matter of grammar.

It's not an easy task. When you write down words and phrases that sound fine in your head, they can look like gibberish — assuming you even realize you made a mistake in the first place. It's easy to overlook minor grammatical errors, especially when self-editing .But how do you avoid making grammatical mistakes if you're not even aware you're doing so?

So, start by skimming through this article to see which common grammar errors strike a chord with you. (Don't worry, we're all guilty of at least one of these.) Make a mental note of it.

1) Present tense and past tense

When telling a story in the present tense, present tenses are used to talk about the present, the future, and to summarize a book, film, or play.

In the English language, there are four different forms of the present tense.

I study, in the Present Simple

I am studying in the present continuous.

I have studied in the past perfect tense.

I've been studying in the present perfect continuous.

Rules:

You can use the past tense to discuss completed events or situations. In English, you can also use the past tense to discuss long-standing events and situations that have already occurred in the past.

For example, when I was a kid, I used to live in the country.

Here are a few examples of past simple verbs: are, was, were, and went.

2) How to Avoid Using Adverbs Excessively

Adverbs are a diverse group of words that can be used to express a wide range of meanings.

Adverbs can thus be a useful word group. However, you should avoid overusing these words to describe actions and events.

Manner adverbs are the most commonly overused adverbs; this type of adverb modifies the verb.

As an example:

Alex vigorously shook her head.

He was in a good mood now, and he smiled broadly as he reached for his mug of tea.

When you rely too heavily on manner adverbs in your stories, you run into a common problem.

As an example:

Lee entered the room slowly as the curtain slowly opened. He approached Emma aggressively after noticing her flirting with Jack. 'What are you doing here?' he yelled angrily.

The following is the same extract, but with the manner verbs highling Yourselves entered the room slowly as the curtain slowly opened. He approached Emma aggressively after noticing her flirting with Jack. 'What are you doing here?' he yelled angrily.

Adverbs should be used to show rather than tell the reader what is happening in the story.

3) Mistakes in using Your/You're

These words are also trouble makers homophones that cause a slew of issues.

Rules:

"Your" denotes ownership and establishes that something is yours.

"You're" is a contraction of "You are."

Here's how to avoid using these phrases:

Your stunning.

Do you have any idea when your be leaving?

Is it okay if I borrow you're coat?

How to do it correctly:

You're stunning.

Do you have any idea when you'll be leaving?

Is it okay if I borrow your shirt?

4) Apostrophe Mistakes

Apostrophes are a little tricky at first, but once you learn the rules, they become second nature. A common blunder is putting an apostrophe in the wrong place.

Rules:

Apostrophes are used to indicate that something belongs to or is owned by someone else.

Place the apostrophe before the letter 'S' to show that something belongs to a single person.

"The girl's bag," for example.

The apostrophe must be placed after the letter 'S' to show that something belongs to more than one person.

"The girls' bag," for example.

Apostrophes are also used in contracted words like "Can't" to show that the 'O' in "Cannot" is missing.

When making a word plural, apostrophes should never be used.

5) There / Their / They're

You might find that these nagging homophones are giving you a headache.

Rules:

"Over there," for example, is a way of referring to a location that isn't here.

When referring to who owns something, use "their" to show that it belongs to that person.

Use the abbreviation "They're" instead of "They are."

Here's how to avoid using these phrases:

They’re be here in no time.

We should make contact with they’re friend.

Is it possible to use there home?

Their a counter-argument that says.

Here's how to properly use these words:

They'll be here in no time.

We should get in touch with their friend.

Is it okay if we use their home?

There is a counter-argumidentical

6) Words and spellings that are similar but not identical

Words that sound similar or are spelled similarly but have different meanings and must be used in different contexts abound in the English language.

Making sure to use the right word in the right context, rather than a similar but incorrect one, is perhaps the most common stumbling block for people learning English as a second language.

Only by learning which words fit in which context on a case-by-case basis will you be able to avoid this problem.

Here are a few words that people frequently mix up:

"Two," "too," and "to" are all words that can be used interchangeably.

"Here" and "hear" are two words that can be used interchangeably.

"Your" and "you're" are two different words for the same thing.

"Weather" and "whether" are two words that come to mind.

7) Making comparisons that aren't complete

Many words in the English language imply a comparison, and it's a common grammatical error to use them without "completing the comparison."

Here's an example of a comparison that isn't complete:


"Today was much colder."

You must complete this comparison to make this example grammatically correct. Here's one way to go about it:

"Today was a lot colder than yesterday."

8) Confusion between adjectives and adverbs

When you mix up your adjectives and adverbs, your speech or writing will come across as very informal and even uneducated, which will irritate many English teachers.

This problem is most noticeable with words that end in "-ly."

Here are a few examples of grammatical errors:

"Yesterday was a real nice day."

"I ran quick to the classroom."

Here's how these two examples would look if they were corrected grammatically:

"Yesterday was a really nice day."

"I ran quickly to the classroom."

9. It's &. Its

Even the best writers get confused by this one. "It's" is a contraction of "it is," and "its" is possessive. Many people are confused because "it's" has an's after it, which usually indicates that something is possessive. In this case, however, it's a contraction.

To find this error in your writing, press control + F. It's difficult to notice on your own, but it's a blunder that anyone can make.

10. Uses of I & Me

Most people are aware of the distinction between the two until they are forced to use one in a sentence.

"Could you please send that lab report to Bill and I once you've finished it?"

As proper as the sentence above appears to be, it is incorrect.

Try removing Bill from that sentence; it sounds strange, doesn't it? When someone is finished, you would never ask them to send something to "I." Because "I" is the subject of that sentence, it sounds strange. "I" should not be used in objects. In that case, you'd say "me."

"Could you please send that lab report to Bill and me once you've finished it?"

11. What is the difference between to and too?

When texting in a hurry, we've all forgotten to add the second "o" to "too." But, in case the error is more serious, let's go over some usage guidelines.

The preposition "to" is usually used before a noun or verb to indicate a destination, recipient, or action. Consider the following examples:

I was driven to my doctor's appointment by a friend. (Destination)

I forwarded the documents to my boss. (Recipient)

I'm going to go get some coffee. (Action)

The word "too," on the other hand, is used as a substitute for "also" or "as well." It's also used to describe the extremes of an adjective. Take a look at:

Sophia Bernazzani, a colleague of mine, also contributes to the HubSpot marketing blog.

"She is a vegan too."

"We both agree that it is far too cold outside."

You may have noticed that when the word "too" is used, there is some unusual comma usage. We'll go over commas in more detail later, but the general rule is to use a comma both before and after the word "too" to replace "also" or "as well." The only exception is when "too" is the last word in the sentence, in which case it should be followed by a period.

12. Uses of Who & That

This is a tricky one. These two words can be used in a phrase like "Lindsay is a blogger who enjoys ice cream," to describe someone or something. Make sure to use "who" when describing a person.

Use the word "that" when describing an object. For instance, you could say, "Her computer is the one that constantly overheats." It's a simple concept, but it's one that is frequently overlooked.

13. Who vs. Whom vs. Whose vs. Who's.

This one looks like a bit of a doozy. Let's break it down, shall we?

"Who" is used to identify a living pronoun. If you asked, "Who ate all of the cookies?" the answer could be a person, like myself ("I did"), or another living being ("the dog did").

Hey, both are realistic scenarios in my world.

"Whom" is a little trickier. It's usually used to describe someone who's receiving something, like a letter -- "To whom will it be addressed?" But it can also be used to describe someone on the receiving end of an action, like in this sentence:
 Who vs. Whom vs. Whose vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who's Whoa vs. Who' This one appears to be a bit of a challenge. Let's take a look at it in more detail.

A living pronoun is identified by the word "who." "Who ate all of the cookies?" you might wonder. A person, such as myself ("I did"), or another living being could be the answer ("the dog did").

In my opinion, both scenarios are plausible.

"Whom" is a little more difficult. "To whom will it be addressed?" is a common phrase used to describe someone who is receiving something, such as a letter. But, as in this sentence, it can also be used to describe someone who is on the receiving end of an action:

Whom did we enlist to help us with the podcast?

The word "whose" is used to designate who owns something. Try to spot the mistake in this question:

Who's shirt is this?

Because the shirt is owned by someone, it should be written as follows:

Whose shirt is this?

"Who's," on the other hand, is a word that is used to refer to a living thing. It's a contraction for "who is"; here's how we might use it in a sentence in Boston:

Who's pitching for the blue Sox tonight?

Do you see the distinction? "Whose" is used to determine who owns something, whereas "who's" is used to identify someone who is performing a task.

14. Then & Than

What is the flaw in this sentence?

My performance was better than yours.

In the preceding sentence, ""Then" should be replaced with "than." "What is the reason for this? Because "than" is primarily used to make comparisons, such as when saying one thing is "better" than another. The adverb "then" is primarily used to place actions in time:

We cooked dinner, then ate it.

15. Compliment vs. Complement

Because these two words are pronounced identically, it's easy to get them mixed up. They are, however, very different.

When something "complements" another, it means that it completes, enhances, or perfects it. A wine selection, for example, can complement a meal, just as two colors can complement each other.

However, the term "compliment" refers to an expression of praise (as a noun), as well as praise or admiration for someone (as a verb). You can either compliment a friend's new haircut or compliment someone else's haircut.

readmore

Even though English is considered an accessible and relatively easy language to learn, with 750,000 words and spelling that can throw even the most experienced learner off, learning English quickly can seem impossible. But I'm here to tell you that it isn't — if you have the appropriate approach in place.

Here are some of our best strategies for learning English quickly:

1. Pay attention to patterns:

For English learners, this is the most vital tip.

Language is difficult to categorize into precise norms, because rules are frequently twisted or broken.

As a result, the best thing to do is look for patterns and things that are universally true in English.

Finding patterns will help you notice details such as "verbs in the past generally end in -ed."

You'll also notice groups of words that we frequently use together. Consider the following scenario:

“We’d love to visit you.”

“We’d love to have you on that function.”

“We’d love to meet you.”

“We’d like to come visit.”

These patterns will save your time and efforts when speaking English, as well as allowing you to use language more naturally in the future.

2. Engage in activities that you enjoy, in English:

The greatest approach to learn English is to practice it on a regular basis and in a way that keeps you wanting to learn more.

Some people enjoy learning English more than anything else, and it is a source of enjoyment for them. However, the majority of us have other hobbies as well. 

Consider something you already enjoy doing and try to find methods to do it in English.

Consider the following scenario:

"Do you like to play video games on the internet?" Join English-speaking platforms or set your device to English every time you turn it on to obtain regular exposure to the language.

"Do you participate in team sports?" Participate in your sport with an English-speaking group in your town. Even outside of English-speaking countries, expat communities with a mix of foreigners and locals can be found.

"Do you enjoy other activities such as knitting, sculpture, yoga, or music?" Great! The same principle applies: see if there is an English-speaking group with a similar pastime near you and see if you can join them.

This way, you'll be exposed to English on a daily basis while doing something you enjoy.

You'll be astonished at how much you'll pick up from your new acquaintances!

3. Concentrate on more than just memorizing grammar rules:

Some individuals say that grammar is the most important aspect of language learning and that it demands all of your focus.

Others believe grammar is beneficial, but that it is only a small part of the entire language problem.

The second group recognizes that grammatical norms are hazy, frequently broken, and frequently come with a list of exceptions and unique use situations.

Furthermore, widely used languages such as English are always changing.

Although the truth is most likely somewhere in the middle, the point is this:

Don't expect to be able to speak excellent English after memorizing grammar rules.

4. Schedule structured study time into your day:

The majority of language acquisition specialists think that regular exposure is the best way to acquire a language.

Finding a regular time to think about English, even if it's only five or ten minutes a day, will help you learn new topics faster than you forget them.

Find a pace and time that is sustainable for you and your schedule.

It doesn't have to be two-hour sessions; perhaps just the first 10 minutes after you get up will enough.

Busuu has a Study Plan function that allows you to schedule and set reminders for your language learning.

Make language study a habit, and make sure it's one you can maintain.

5. Consider how you'll employ English:

Consider why you're studying English (e.g. to study abroad, travel, or for business).

Consider the kind of situations in which you'll use English.

If you're studying, you'll most likely be listening to extensive lectures and taking notes in English.

When traveling, on the other hand, you're more likely to need a variety of words that you're comfortable using in various contexts.

You'll need to be able to listen to someone on the phone (with no body language to guide you) and answer appropriately if you'll be doing business over the phone.

Each of these scenarios is unique, which means you should probably do more or less listening, reading, writing, and speaking depending on the occasion.

6. Don't strive for perfection. Nobody is perfect:

The most difficult aspect of learning English is getting over the fear of seeming dumb or not being perfect.

Most of us are considerably more fluent and brilliant in our native tongues, and it can be uncomfortable to step into another language and lose our familiarity with words and phrases.

We believe that if we sound ignorant, others will criticize us or think less of us.

Don't be afraid to make mistakes, learn from them, and try again.

This is true of any new language, and making mistakes and errors is an inevitable part of the learning process.

Also, keep in mind that the purpose of language is to communicate.

If you were able to say anything and someone else comprehended it, you were successful.

7. Read everything you can get your hands on in the following order:

If it's in English, read it: classic literature, paperbacks, newspapers, websites, emails, your social media feed, cereal boxes. Why? This content will be chock-full of exciting new language, as well as those you may already be familiar with. This aids rapid improvement since re-exposure to previously taught vocabulary provides new examples in context, reinforcing those words in your mind. Learning new words and expressions, on the other hand, is critical to expanding your vocabulary, especially in a language like English, which has so many! However, don't just read and go on; you must also...

8. Make a conscious effort to remember new vocabulary:

This is a tried-and-true tip for a reason: it works! We often appreciate a new term or phrase so much when we're learning it that forgetting it seems impossible. But believe us when we say that not everything sticks the first time. To combat this, make it a habit to carry a quirky notepad with you or use a tool like Evernote. When you hear or read a new term or expression, write it down in context: in a sentence with its meaning recorded. This saves you time because you won't have to go back to that word and think, "What did that word/expression imply again?"

9. Interact with real people:

What is the purpose of a language if not to communicate? Sure, we humans have mastered the art of communicating without speaking – thank you, Whatsapp! – but When it comes down to it, though, speaking a language rather than reading or writing it helps it stick in your head significantly better. Consider how many times you've heard someone say, "I understand, but I don't speak English." Many aspiring English speakers have made conversation into an impenetrable barrier that only serves to psyche them out. Don't be that way. Look out native speakers for a casual language conversation, enroll in a class, or take online programs.

10. Follow podcasts or Youtube channels (in English):

Do you enjoy a good laugh? Politics? Blogging? Cooking? There's an English-speaking podcast or Youtube channel for every subject imaginable. Subscribe to a handful and listen to or watch them while commuting to school or work. The native accents may be challenging at first, but stick with it and you'll soon be able to understand what you're hearing (along with learning a lot of new vocabulary from a native speaker!)

11. Travel abroad:

If there's a better way to learn English than living and studying in an English-speaking country, we'd love to know about it! It's no secret that English is the most widely spoken language on the planet, and with so many nations to pick from, you can find the perfect learning environment for you based on geography, weather, or your favorite city. Consider Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and South Africa, just to mention a few!

12. Make use of your friends:

Do you have friends who post in English on the internet? Don't let them slip through your fingers in your newsfeed: examine the items they share and make a commitment to exploring one or two of them each day. It may be news or magazine articles, movies, talks, blog entries, music, or anything else: as long as it's in English and the subject interests you, it'll be useful!

13. Don't be afraid to ask a lot of questions:

Curiosity may have killed the cat, but it also accelerated the language learner's progress! You'll amass a mountain of questions as you learn English. Don't let your doubts fester — be curious about them and find a way to settle them! If you're enrolled in a class, ask your teacher (after all, that's what they're there for). If you're learning on your own, don't worry: you can discover solutions in blogs or language websites, ask other students, or browse forums. You'll be glad you did it!

14. Follow in the footsteps of the stars:

Pick a native English-speaking actor or vocalist to provide variety to your studies. Now go online and look for a number of interviews they've done — and watch them! Watch for the gist once, then watch again, taking notes on any intriguing expressions or words you hear. These interviews will provide you with lots of lingo, stories, humor, and experiences to work with!

15. Begin with what you truly require:

If you keep reminding yourself of your reasons for learning, your English studies will move much faster. Are you participating in a study exchange program? Then concentrate on terminology that is relevant to your studies. Are you attending a conference in another country? Prepare a list of conversation starters to utilize with the other attendees. Are you taking a gap year? It appears that terminology related to travel and tourism will be your guide. If you jump into studying English with the expectation of learning everything at once, you're likely to be confused and burned out. Which leads us to...

16. When you're down, don't kick yourself:

When you feel like you're not making progress – which happens to all learners at some point – don't utter things like "I don't speak English" or "I'll never get this." In fact, obliterate those phrases from your dictionary! They merely serve to cloud your perception of your development and persuade you that your aspirations of speaking English fluently are unattainable. Instead, remind yourself of the larger picture by saying things like "I'm learning English and improving every day," "It's not always easy, but it's worth it," "I'm so much better than I was six months ago," and other similar words.

 


How to Learn English easily- 16 effective ways- Literaturemini

Literaturemini | March 23, 2022 | 0 comments

Even though English is considered an accessible and relatively easy language to learn, with 750,000 words and spelling that can throw even the most experienced learner off, learning English quickly can seem impossible. But I'm here to tell you that it isn't — if you have the appropriate approach in place.

Here are some of our best strategies for learning English quickly:

1. Pay attention to patterns:

For English learners, this is the most vital tip.

Language is difficult to categorize into precise norms, because rules are frequently twisted or broken.

As a result, the best thing to do is look for patterns and things that are universally true in English.

Finding patterns will help you notice details such as "verbs in the past generally end in -ed."

You'll also notice groups of words that we frequently use together. Consider the following scenario:

“We’d love to visit you.”

“We’d love to have you on that function.”

“We’d love to meet you.”

“We’d like to come visit.”

These patterns will save your time and efforts when speaking English, as well as allowing you to use language more naturally in the future.

2. Engage in activities that you enjoy, in English:

The greatest approach to learn English is to practice it on a regular basis and in a way that keeps you wanting to learn more.

Some people enjoy learning English more than anything else, and it is a source of enjoyment for them. However, the majority of us have other hobbies as well. 

Consider something you already enjoy doing and try to find methods to do it in English.

Consider the following scenario:

"Do you like to play video games on the internet?" Join English-speaking platforms or set your device to English every time you turn it on to obtain regular exposure to the language.

"Do you participate in team sports?" Participate in your sport with an English-speaking group in your town. Even outside of English-speaking countries, expat communities with a mix of foreigners and locals can be found.

"Do you enjoy other activities such as knitting, sculpture, yoga, or music?" Great! The same principle applies: see if there is an English-speaking group with a similar pastime near you and see if you can join them.

This way, you'll be exposed to English on a daily basis while doing something you enjoy.

You'll be astonished at how much you'll pick up from your new acquaintances!

3. Concentrate on more than just memorizing grammar rules:

Some individuals say that grammar is the most important aspect of language learning and that it demands all of your focus.

Others believe grammar is beneficial, but that it is only a small part of the entire language problem.

The second group recognizes that grammatical norms are hazy, frequently broken, and frequently come with a list of exceptions and unique use situations.

Furthermore, widely used languages such as English are always changing.

Although the truth is most likely somewhere in the middle, the point is this:

Don't expect to be able to speak excellent English after memorizing grammar rules.

4. Schedule structured study time into your day:

The majority of language acquisition specialists think that regular exposure is the best way to acquire a language.

Finding a regular time to think about English, even if it's only five or ten minutes a day, will help you learn new topics faster than you forget them.

Find a pace and time that is sustainable for you and your schedule.

It doesn't have to be two-hour sessions; perhaps just the first 10 minutes after you get up will enough.

Busuu has a Study Plan function that allows you to schedule and set reminders for your language learning.

Make language study a habit, and make sure it's one you can maintain.

5. Consider how you'll employ English:

Consider why you're studying English (e.g. to study abroad, travel, or for business).

Consider the kind of situations in which you'll use English.

If you're studying, you'll most likely be listening to extensive lectures and taking notes in English.

When traveling, on the other hand, you're more likely to need a variety of words that you're comfortable using in various contexts.

You'll need to be able to listen to someone on the phone (with no body language to guide you) and answer appropriately if you'll be doing business over the phone.

Each of these scenarios is unique, which means you should probably do more or less listening, reading, writing, and speaking depending on the occasion.

6. Don't strive for perfection. Nobody is perfect:

The most difficult aspect of learning English is getting over the fear of seeming dumb or not being perfect.

Most of us are considerably more fluent and brilliant in our native tongues, and it can be uncomfortable to step into another language and lose our familiarity with words and phrases.

We believe that if we sound ignorant, others will criticize us or think less of us.

Don't be afraid to make mistakes, learn from them, and try again.

This is true of any new language, and making mistakes and errors is an inevitable part of the learning process.

Also, keep in mind that the purpose of language is to communicate.

If you were able to say anything and someone else comprehended it, you were successful.

7. Read everything you can get your hands on in the following order:

If it's in English, read it: classic literature, paperbacks, newspapers, websites, emails, your social media feed, cereal boxes. Why? This content will be chock-full of exciting new language, as well as those you may already be familiar with. This aids rapid improvement since re-exposure to previously taught vocabulary provides new examples in context, reinforcing those words in your mind. Learning new words and expressions, on the other hand, is critical to expanding your vocabulary, especially in a language like English, which has so many! However, don't just read and go on; you must also...

8. Make a conscious effort to remember new vocabulary:

This is a tried-and-true tip for a reason: it works! We often appreciate a new term or phrase so much when we're learning it that forgetting it seems impossible. But believe us when we say that not everything sticks the first time. To combat this, make it a habit to carry a quirky notepad with you or use a tool like Evernote. When you hear or read a new term or expression, write it down in context: in a sentence with its meaning recorded. This saves you time because you won't have to go back to that word and think, "What did that word/expression imply again?"

9. Interact with real people:

What is the purpose of a language if not to communicate? Sure, we humans have mastered the art of communicating without speaking – thank you, Whatsapp! – but When it comes down to it, though, speaking a language rather than reading or writing it helps it stick in your head significantly better. Consider how many times you've heard someone say, "I understand, but I don't speak English." Many aspiring English speakers have made conversation into an impenetrable barrier that only serves to psyche them out. Don't be that way. Look out native speakers for a casual language conversation, enroll in a class, or take online programs.

10. Follow podcasts or Youtube channels (in English):

Do you enjoy a good laugh? Politics? Blogging? Cooking? There's an English-speaking podcast or Youtube channel for every subject imaginable. Subscribe to a handful and listen to or watch them while commuting to school or work. The native accents may be challenging at first, but stick with it and you'll soon be able to understand what you're hearing (along with learning a lot of new vocabulary from a native speaker!)

11. Travel abroad:

If there's a better way to learn English than living and studying in an English-speaking country, we'd love to know about it! It's no secret that English is the most widely spoken language on the planet, and with so many nations to pick from, you can find the perfect learning environment for you based on geography, weather, or your favorite city. Consider Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and South Africa, just to mention a few!

12. Make use of your friends:

Do you have friends who post in English on the internet? Don't let them slip through your fingers in your newsfeed: examine the items they share and make a commitment to exploring one or two of them each day. It may be news or magazine articles, movies, talks, blog entries, music, or anything else: as long as it's in English and the subject interests you, it'll be useful!

13. Don't be afraid to ask a lot of questions:

Curiosity may have killed the cat, but it also accelerated the language learner's progress! You'll amass a mountain of questions as you learn English. Don't let your doubts fester — be curious about them and find a way to settle them! If you're enrolled in a class, ask your teacher (after all, that's what they're there for). If you're learning on your own, don't worry: you can discover solutions in blogs or language websites, ask other students, or browse forums. You'll be glad you did it!

14. Follow in the footsteps of the stars:

Pick a native English-speaking actor or vocalist to provide variety to your studies. Now go online and look for a number of interviews they've done — and watch them! Watch for the gist once, then watch again, taking notes on any intriguing expressions or words you hear. These interviews will provide you with lots of lingo, stories, humor, and experiences to work with!

15. Begin with what you truly require:

If you keep reminding yourself of your reasons for learning, your English studies will move much faster. Are you participating in a study exchange program? Then concentrate on terminology that is relevant to your studies. Are you attending a conference in another country? Prepare a list of conversation starters to utilize with the other attendees. Are you taking a gap year? It appears that terminology related to travel and tourism will be your guide. If you jump into studying English with the expectation of learning everything at once, you're likely to be confused and burned out. Which leads us to...

16. When you're down, don't kick yourself:

When you feel like you're not making progress – which happens to all learners at some point – don't utter things like "I don't speak English" or "I'll never get this." In fact, obliterate those phrases from your dictionary! They merely serve to cloud your perception of your development and persuade you that your aspirations of speaking English fluently are unattainable. Instead, remind yourself of the larger picture by saying things like "I'm learning English and improving every day," "It's not always easy, but it's worth it," "I'm so much better than I was six months ago," and other similar words.

 


readmore

 A person's or a group's vocabulary is made up of all the words and phrases that they use or understand. The words that a toddler understands are an example of vocabulary. Doctors' language serves as an example of vocabulary(noun)

Vocabulary is important in the reading process because it helps a reader understand what he or she is reading. A reader will be unable to comprehend a book unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the words. The majority of words are learned indirectly by students via their everyday interactions with oral and written language. Other words are taught in a structured manner. A person's or a group's vocabulary is made up of all the words and phrases that they use or understand. The words that a toddler understands are an example of vocabulary. Doctors' language serves as an example of vocabulary. noun.

Vocabulary is important in the reading process because it helps a reader understand what he or she is reading. A reader will be unable to comprehend a book unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the words. The majority of words are learned indirectly by students via their everyday interactions with oral and written language. Other words are taught in a structured manner.

Through conversation, vocabulary allows for the development of solid relationships. Knowing more vocabulary improves communication. It doesn't have to be a lot of words, but the meanings should convey what the speaker is attempting to say.

Reading comprehension relies heavily on vocabulary. Readers cannot comprehend what they are reading unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the terms. Children must acquire the meaning of new terms that are not part of their speech vocabulary as they learn to read more sophisticated literature. Through conversation, vocabulary allows for the development of solid relationships. Knowing more vocabulary improves communication. It doesn't have to be a lot of words, but the meanings should convey what the speaker is attempting to say. Reading comprehension relies heavily on vocabulary. Readers cannot comprehend what they are reading unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the terms. Children must acquire the meaning of new terms that are not part of their speech vocabulary as they learn to read more sophisticated literature.

Some Techniques for Increasing Your Vocabulary

1. Make reading a habit. When you encounter terms in context, it's easier to increase your vocabulary.
2. Look up words in a dictionary or a thesaurus.
3. Take part in word games.
4. Make use of flashcards.
5. Feeds for "words of the day" should be subscribed to.
6. Make use of mnemonics.
7. Practice conversing with new terms.
8. Journaling
9. Make your reading list more diverse.
10. Create a visual representation of new words

1. Develop Reading habit 

In this case Take the following steps:

a. Select a book that you will enjoy reading.
b. Read a chapter of the book.
c . As soon as you've finished the chapter, go back and highlight or circle three new words.
d. Look up each term on the internet.
e. Write the words down in your vocabulary book.
Steps 2-4 should be repeated for each chapter.
f. Check your notebook at least twice a week.

2. Look up words in a dictionary or a thesaurus

A simple list of synonyms can have a big impact on any writing project a student has. It also makes their writing sound more genuine, which is very important for creative writing assignments. It is a must-have tool for any student interested in pursuing a writing career, as developing a big vocabulary as early as feasible will be a valuable asset for a writer. It can also distinguish between someone who speaks English "very well" and someone who sounds like a native speaker. It will provide a wealth of information that will enable any learner to sound at ease when speaking, avoiding strict phrases, a lack of descriptive terms, and endless repetition of the same set of words. Aside from a textbook, the thesaurus is probably the most basic learning tool. It can be utilized by students of all levels, from beginners to intermediate to advanced, including native speakers. For those unfamiliar with the term, a thesaurus is a tool that allows students to look for synonyms and antonyms for a given word.

A thesaurus is one of the most useful tools that every English learner, regardless of their level, may have. Beginners can use it to increase their vocabulary by learning a new word every day. Beginner students can benefit from exercises that use a thesaurus to acquire new words and build better, easier-to-understand sentences.

A dictionary is the first and most important tool for expanding your vocabulary. You can only learn the precise meaning, spelling, other definitions, and other important information about a term by looking it up in a dictionary. A thesaurus is particularly useful for learning since it can help you discover links between words, such as synonyms and antonyms.

A nice dictionary and thesaurus should be on your bookshelves. Here are some suggestions: :

The Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary (Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary) is The New Oxford American Dictionary is a dictionary published by Oxford University Press.

Thesaurus for American Writers by Oxford University Press

There are a lot of free online dictionaries with a lot of extra features. Even if you already have a decent print dictionary, you can't go wrong with having an excellent online dictionary at your disposal.

3. Take part in word game

A word letter unscrambler, according to the experts at FastWordUnscrambler.com, can help you remain ahead of your competitors and gain the most points from each turn. As you gain more points and learn new words to expand your vocabulary, the game becomes more enjoyable. It can be a fantastic opportunity to advance your career while having fun, especially for editors, journalists, and writers. One of the most significant advantages of playing word games is that it can significantly increase your vocabulary over time. Every match in a word game is an opportunity to learn a new word, as well as its meaning and how it's employed in a sentence. The more you play word games, the better your spelling and grammar will become.

Furthermore, the nicest part about word games these days is that you can use tools to make them easier and more enjoyable.

4. Make use of flashcards

Flashcards are miniature note cards that are used to test and improve memory by practicing retrieval of information. The prompt is usually on one side of the flashcard, while the information regarding the prompt is on the other. Names, words, concepts, and methods are examples. For example, one side of the card might say "Augusta," while the other says "Maine's capital." Typically, a set of flashcards represents a category of information that you're trying to retain, study, and master. Self-testing with flashcards can be a very successful method. Even the act of generating flashcards is a way to "work" the material, forcing you to consider which facts to include on one side and which descriptions to include on the other. This also frees up memory because you won't have to struggle to remember particular facts, names, or terms because you'll have a tangible stack of cards with the information. Flashcards are frequently used in spaced practice, and repetition aids in determining what material you can remember readily and what requires more effort. Flashcards, in terms of time management, allow you to take advantage of short periods of time that become available during the day or week, in addition to scheduled times study session.

5. Feeds for "Words of the day" should be subscribed to

Increase your vocabulary, learn new words, and improve your ability to understand and communicate English. Download the word of the day app to improve your English vocabulary and learn new words without becoming overwhelmed with information.

6. Make use of mnemonics

A mnemonic is a type of educational method that is used to assist pupils remember essential information. Through the use of visual and/or aural clues, this strategy ties new learning to existing information. The usage of key words, rhyming words, or acronyms are the most basic sorts of mnemonic methods. Teachers can create their own mnemonic systems or have pupils create their own.

Benefits 


Mnemonics are memory aids that can be tailored to a number of learning situations. This strategy aids with the recall of difficult words or ideas, as well as the retention of new information. It is especially advantageous to kids with learning disabilities and others who have trouble recalling knowledge.

7. Practice conversing with new terms

Practice conversing with new terms. It's possible to have a large vocabulary without knowing how to utilize it. This implies that you must utilize your personal dictionary on your own initiative. Make a point of employing an interesting word you come across in your reading in conversation. You may practice the art of word choice and, with a little trial and error, hone down on the correct word for a given context by testing in low-stakes settings.

8. Journaling

Journaling can help you enhance your writing as well as your other language abilities. Every time you write in English, you are practicing utilizing new vocabulary and remembering grammar rules that you have learnt.
You sent a message.
Make Your Reading List More Diverse
If you read the same things every day, you may not be exposing yourself to a diverse vocabulary. Include natural science, Shakespeare, contemporary literature, politics, history, philosophy, and any other things you think you would appreciate in your reading.

9. Your Reading List Should Be Diversified


You might not be exposed to a wide enough diversity of words if you read the same items every day. Diversify your reading interests by including natural science, Shakespeare, modern literature, politics, history, philosophy, and any other areas that interest you.

10. Create a visual representation of new words

Journaling can help you enhance your writing as well as your other language abilities. Every time you write in English, you are practicing utilizing new vocabulary and remembering grammar rules that you have learnt.
You sent a message.
Make Your Reading List More Diverse
If you read the same things every day, you may not be exposing yourself to a diverse vocabulary. Include natural science, Shakespeare, contemporary literature, politics, history, philosophy, and any other things you think you would appreciate in your reading.

How to lmprove English Vocabulary : 10 ways to Expand your Vocabulary

Literaturemini | March 23, 2022 | 0 comments

 A person's or a group's vocabulary is made up of all the words and phrases that they use or understand. The words that a toddler understands are an example of vocabulary. Doctors' language serves as an example of vocabulary(noun)

Vocabulary is important in the reading process because it helps a reader understand what he or she is reading. A reader will be unable to comprehend a book unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the words. The majority of words are learned indirectly by students via their everyday interactions with oral and written language. Other words are taught in a structured manner. A person's or a group's vocabulary is made up of all the words and phrases that they use or understand. The words that a toddler understands are an example of vocabulary. Doctors' language serves as an example of vocabulary. noun.

Vocabulary is important in the reading process because it helps a reader understand what he or she is reading. A reader will be unable to comprehend a book unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the words. The majority of words are learned indirectly by students via their everyday interactions with oral and written language. Other words are taught in a structured manner.

Through conversation, vocabulary allows for the development of solid relationships. Knowing more vocabulary improves communication. It doesn't have to be a lot of words, but the meanings should convey what the speaker is attempting to say.

Reading comprehension relies heavily on vocabulary. Readers cannot comprehend what they are reading unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the terms. Children must acquire the meaning of new terms that are not part of their speech vocabulary as they learn to read more sophisticated literature. Through conversation, vocabulary allows for the development of solid relationships. Knowing more vocabulary improves communication. It doesn't have to be a lot of words, but the meanings should convey what the speaker is attempting to say. Reading comprehension relies heavily on vocabulary. Readers cannot comprehend what they are reading unless they are familiar with the meanings of the majority of the terms. Children must acquire the meaning of new terms that are not part of their speech vocabulary as they learn to read more sophisticated literature.

Some Techniques for Increasing Your Vocabulary

1. Make reading a habit. When you encounter terms in context, it's easier to increase your vocabulary.
2. Look up words in a dictionary or a thesaurus.
3. Take part in word games.
4. Make use of flashcards.
5. Feeds for "words of the day" should be subscribed to.
6. Make use of mnemonics.
7. Practice conversing with new terms.
8. Journaling
9. Make your reading list more diverse.
10. Create a visual representation of new words

1. Develop Reading habit 

In this case Take the following steps:

a. Select a book that you will enjoy reading.
b. Read a chapter of the book.
c . As soon as you've finished the chapter, go back and highlight or circle three new words.
d. Look up each term on the internet.
e. Write the words down in your vocabulary book.
Steps 2-4 should be repeated for each chapter.
f. Check your notebook at least twice a week.

2. Look up words in a dictionary or a thesaurus

A simple list of synonyms can have a big impact on any writing project a student has. It also makes their writing sound more genuine, which is very important for creative writing assignments. It is a must-have tool for any student interested in pursuing a writing career, as developing a big vocabulary as early as feasible will be a valuable asset for a writer. It can also distinguish between someone who speaks English "very well" and someone who sounds like a native speaker. It will provide a wealth of information that will enable any learner to sound at ease when speaking, avoiding strict phrases, a lack of descriptive terms, and endless repetition of the same set of words. Aside from a textbook, the thesaurus is probably the most basic learning tool. It can be utilized by students of all levels, from beginners to intermediate to advanced, including native speakers. For those unfamiliar with the term, a thesaurus is a tool that allows students to look for synonyms and antonyms for a given word.

A thesaurus is one of the most useful tools that every English learner, regardless of their level, may have. Beginners can use it to increase their vocabulary by learning a new word every day. Beginner students can benefit from exercises that use a thesaurus to acquire new words and build better, easier-to-understand sentences.

A dictionary is the first and most important tool for expanding your vocabulary. You can only learn the precise meaning, spelling, other definitions, and other important information about a term by looking it up in a dictionary. A thesaurus is particularly useful for learning since it can help you discover links between words, such as synonyms and antonyms.

A nice dictionary and thesaurus should be on your bookshelves. Here are some suggestions: :

The Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary (Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary) is The New Oxford American Dictionary is a dictionary published by Oxford University Press.

Thesaurus for American Writers by Oxford University Press

There are a lot of free online dictionaries with a lot of extra features. Even if you already have a decent print dictionary, you can't go wrong with having an excellent online dictionary at your disposal.

3. Take part in word game

A word letter unscrambler, according to the experts at FastWordUnscrambler.com, can help you remain ahead of your competitors and gain the most points from each turn. As you gain more points and learn new words to expand your vocabulary, the game becomes more enjoyable. It can be a fantastic opportunity to advance your career while having fun, especially for editors, journalists, and writers. One of the most significant advantages of playing word games is that it can significantly increase your vocabulary over time. Every match in a word game is an opportunity to learn a new word, as well as its meaning and how it's employed in a sentence. The more you play word games, the better your spelling and grammar will become.

Furthermore, the nicest part about word games these days is that you can use tools to make them easier and more enjoyable.

4. Make use of flashcards

Flashcards are miniature note cards that are used to test and improve memory by practicing retrieval of information. The prompt is usually on one side of the flashcard, while the information regarding the prompt is on the other. Names, words, concepts, and methods are examples. For example, one side of the card might say "Augusta," while the other says "Maine's capital." Typically, a set of flashcards represents a category of information that you're trying to retain, study, and master. Self-testing with flashcards can be a very successful method. Even the act of generating flashcards is a way to "work" the material, forcing you to consider which facts to include on one side and which descriptions to include on the other. This also frees up memory because you won't have to struggle to remember particular facts, names, or terms because you'll have a tangible stack of cards with the information. Flashcards are frequently used in spaced practice, and repetition aids in determining what material you can remember readily and what requires more effort. Flashcards, in terms of time management, allow you to take advantage of short periods of time that become available during the day or week, in addition to scheduled times study session.

5. Feeds for "Words of the day" should be subscribed to

Increase your vocabulary, learn new words, and improve your ability to understand and communicate English. Download the word of the day app to improve your English vocabulary and learn new words without becoming overwhelmed with information.

6. Make use of mnemonics

A mnemonic is a type of educational method that is used to assist pupils remember essential information. Through the use of visual and/or aural clues, this strategy ties new learning to existing information. The usage of key words, rhyming words, or acronyms are the most basic sorts of mnemonic methods. Teachers can create their own mnemonic systems or have pupils create their own.

Benefits 


Mnemonics are memory aids that can be tailored to a number of learning situations. This strategy aids with the recall of difficult words or ideas, as well as the retention of new information. It is especially advantageous to kids with learning disabilities and others who have trouble recalling knowledge.

7. Practice conversing with new terms

Practice conversing with new terms. It's possible to have a large vocabulary without knowing how to utilize it. This implies that you must utilize your personal dictionary on your own initiative. Make a point of employing an interesting word you come across in your reading in conversation. You may practice the art of word choice and, with a little trial and error, hone down on the correct word for a given context by testing in low-stakes settings.

8. Journaling

Journaling can help you enhance your writing as well as your other language abilities. Every time you write in English, you are practicing utilizing new vocabulary and remembering grammar rules that you have learnt.
You sent a message.
Make Your Reading List More Diverse
If you read the same things every day, you may not be exposing yourself to a diverse vocabulary. Include natural science, Shakespeare, contemporary literature, politics, history, philosophy, and any other things you think you would appreciate in your reading.

9. Your Reading List Should Be Diversified


You might not be exposed to a wide enough diversity of words if you read the same items every day. Diversify your reading interests by including natural science, Shakespeare, modern literature, politics, history, philosophy, and any other areas that interest you.

10. Create a visual representation of new words

Journaling can help you enhance your writing as well as your other language abilities. Every time you write in English, you are practicing utilizing new vocabulary and remembering grammar rules that you have learnt.
You sent a message.
Make Your Reading List More Diverse
If you read the same things every day, you may not be exposing yourself to a diverse vocabulary. Include natural science, Shakespeare, contemporary literature, politics, history, philosophy, and any other things you think you would appreciate in your reading.

readmore
 
Back To Top