skip to main | skip to sidebar

Summary of the poem 

"The Road not taken" by Robert Frost the poem. The road not take uses the extended metaphor  of a traveler in the woods to explore. The impact of choices an extended metaphor is a version of metaphor that extends over the course of multiple lines paragraphs or stanzas of prose are poetry .So, the main theme of the poem, The road not taken revolves around choice makes a big difference in the grand scheme of lives. When the speaker reaches fork in the road he's traveling along. He spends a while considering his two option .She wishes , the could travel both and he examined then nature of each  road in order to make the best choice. He can the poem the road not taken is about making choices .You will make many choices in your life and those  choices can come with many different thoughts and many different impact so the basic point which the poem states is that choice is very important and in this poem the fork road is basically used to symbolize the choice .So, The main theme and the main point in this poem is making a choice are making a decision. Now, let's come to the summary of upon as the poem the road not taken opens the speaker has just met a fork in the road that he is traveling the woods are yellow in color .So ,the yellow color shows that it's the season of autumn the fork offered the speaker a choice of roads and the reader quickly comes to understand that these roads symbolize choice in general .Every person reaches countless forks in the road during the course of their lives and each has to make choices based on what limited information .They have and at that time so in first sense we see that the speaker has just meta fork road and the season  is autumn and the four crores symbolize the choice the decision making which the every person met in his or her life in the second stanza .

We see that speaker chooses a road which is more grassy. The speaker assumes that this road is used less because of grass and hence more unique the speaker chooses the grassy road .Because , it is less used so it's more unique and it offers more experiences in the third stanza the speaker notes that both of the roads equally that morning and no one appears to have travelled either one today. Because the leaves are still yellow rather than black with mud from other shoes, here the process of making a choice end sand and the point choose one road and think that he can keep the first road for another time but he realizes that one road always leads to another road which leads to another and so on and so he doubts that he will ever be back at this exact fork in the road again so in this stanza. We see that the poet has made a choice to choose one road but he also thinks that he will choose the other or some other time but later on he realizes that in life he will met too many forks in future .So it  is very difficult to choose the other road and the same fork road in future similarly in life .When we make a decision or when we make a choice then it is very difficult for us. 

To choose , the other choice or choose the other contemporary decision at that time. Because, in future we will meet many other choices and we will face many other decisions and choices. So, whenever you make a decision or make a choice it  is very important and you should meet it very wisely . 

In the last stanza , The speaker tells that , I will tell the story of fork road to everyone that how he was stuck in the process of decision and making . A choice and he will tell people that he chose one which was less used. So, this was all about the poem they're all not taken and We can conclude this poem like and if summarizes the poem summarizes , That the process of making a decision and making. a choice is very important the poem takes a fork  as a symbol and explains. That how much making a choice is difficult and important so this is all about the poem the road not taken and I hope that the poem will be clear.

The Road Not Taken

Theme of the poem 

The main theme of the poem is making a choice or decision. it is often impossible to see where a life-changing decision or choice will lead .that's why one should make his or her decision with confidence the poet's emphasis is on the importance of our choices ,both big and small since they shape our journey through life.


The Road Not Taken summary and theme analysis

Green Land | January 29, 2023 | 0 comments

Summary of the poem 

"The Road not taken" by Robert Frost the poem. The road not take uses the extended metaphor  of a traveler in the woods to explore. The impact of choices an extended metaphor is a version of metaphor that extends over the course of multiple lines paragraphs or stanzas of prose are poetry .So, the main theme of the poem, The road not taken revolves around choice makes a big difference in the grand scheme of lives. When the speaker reaches fork in the road he's traveling along. He spends a while considering his two option .She wishes , the could travel both and he examined then nature of each  road in order to make the best choice. He can the poem the road not taken is about making choices .You will make many choices in your life and those  choices can come with many different thoughts and many different impact so the basic point which the poem states is that choice is very important and in this poem the fork road is basically used to symbolize the choice .So, The main theme and the main point in this poem is making a choice are making a decision. Now, let's come to the summary of upon as the poem the road not taken opens the speaker has just met a fork in the road that he is traveling the woods are yellow in color .So ,the yellow color shows that it's the season of autumn the fork offered the speaker a choice of roads and the reader quickly comes to understand that these roads symbolize choice in general .Every person reaches countless forks in the road during the course of their lives and each has to make choices based on what limited information .They have and at that time so in first sense we see that the speaker has just meta fork road and the season  is autumn and the four crores symbolize the choice the decision making which the every person met in his or her life in the second stanza .

We see that speaker chooses a road which is more grassy. The speaker assumes that this road is used less because of grass and hence more unique the speaker chooses the grassy road .Because , it is less used so it's more unique and it offers more experiences in the third stanza the speaker notes that both of the roads equally that morning and no one appears to have travelled either one today. Because the leaves are still yellow rather than black with mud from other shoes, here the process of making a choice end sand and the point choose one road and think that he can keep the first road for another time but he realizes that one road always leads to another road which leads to another and so on and so he doubts that he will ever be back at this exact fork in the road again so in this stanza. We see that the poet has made a choice to choose one road but he also thinks that he will choose the other or some other time but later on he realizes that in life he will met too many forks in future .So it  is very difficult to choose the other road and the same fork road in future similarly in life .When we make a decision or when we make a choice then it is very difficult for us. 

To choose , the other choice or choose the other contemporary decision at that time. Because, in future we will meet many other choices and we will face many other decisions and choices. So, whenever you make a decision or make a choice it  is very important and you should meet it very wisely . 

In the last stanza , The speaker tells that , I will tell the story of fork road to everyone that how he was stuck in the process of decision and making . A choice and he will tell people that he chose one which was less used. So, this was all about the poem they're all not taken and We can conclude this poem like and if summarizes the poem summarizes , That the process of making a decision and making. a choice is very important the poem takes a fork  as a symbol and explains. That how much making a choice is difficult and important so this is all about the poem the road not taken and I hope that the poem will be clear.

The Road Not Taken

Theme of the poem 

The main theme of the poem is making a choice or decision. it is often impossible to see where a life-changing decision or choice will lead .that's why one should make his or her decision with confidence the poet's emphasis is on the importance of our choices ,both big and small since they shape our journey through life.


readmore

Shakuntala summary and theme analysis

Shakuntala or the recognition of a Shakuntala is a beautiful story of love and enlightenment that takes its readers on a heartwarming journey where honesty and faith overcome separation and sorrow, and the light of love shines through the darkness of wickedness and jealousy. The story of Shakuntala originally appears in the epic of Mahabharata as a precursor to the Pandava and Kaurava lineages. Later the great Indian author, Kalidasa, who was greatly influenced by the ancient Indian epics such as Mahabharata and Ramayana, turn edit into a beautiful play that to this day has captured the imagination of the world and has become one of the most sought after classics. 

The main themes of Shakuntala are spirituality ,love, duty, honesty, and faithfulness. The story of Shakuntala starts in the forests of Hastinapura in northern India, where King Dushyanta chases after a deer in a hunt. Right when the youthful king is about to release his arrow and slay the deer, a sage stops him and tells him that the deer belongs to a hermitage nearby and that as a king his duty is to defend the innocent not to kill them. The King respects the spiritual man’s wish and spares the deer’s life. In response to this merciful action, the sage prays for the monarch and prophecies that he will have a son that will rule the world. Then he suggests that the king should visit the nearby ashram of sage Kanva where the deer belongs. When the royal chariot nears the monastery, the King removes his crown and wears regular clothing to look modest .As he enters the sacred grove, a vein throbs in his arms, an omen foretelling of a beautiful woman’s charm.  At this moment three girls arrive at the groves to water the trees. 

Shakuntala

The king hides in the shadows to observe the girls and right away he is blown away by the beauty of one of them, named Shakuntala. The girls playfully attend to the trees, suddenly a bee frightens Shakuntala and her friends seeing her disturbed jokingly say that she should call on King Dushyanta for help. Right at this moment the King steps out of his hiding place and makes his presence known to the girls. Without knowing who the newly arrived stranger is, Shakuntala falls in love with him at first sight. One of the girls asks the king who he is? And the king answers that he is the new minister of religious welfare and he is there to make sure that the monastery is well taken care of. The King, who is under the impression that Shakuntala is the daughter of the sage of that Ashram, asks how is it possible that a sage could have any child? 

One of the girls answers that the sage is only Shakuntala’s spiritual father and that her true biological parents are a royal sage and a nymph. Dushyanta asks Shakuntala if she is eager to end her vow of chastity and marry, which makes the girl angry .The King seeing his question making Shakuntala angry, gives his ring to her and relieves  her of her hospitality duties. Suddenly his men arrive and tell him that the royal entourage has caused an elephant to go berserk in the sacred grove and that he must go and help with it.  Dushyanta cannot get Shakuntala out of his head and his privileged royal life becomes joyless labor without her. Her beauty has left such a lasting impression on the king’s mind that in his eyes everything pales in comparison to her mesmerizing gaze. Next, two messengers from the Ashram arrive at the King’s camp and tell Dusyanta that evil spirits have attacked the monastery and that Shakuntala’s father, sage Kanva, is as king for the King’s help to protect the sacred grove and preserve the holy rituals. Dushyanta, hoping to see Shakuntala again,  accepts the challenge and goes back to them on astery .

The King's spiritual power expels the demons from the Ashram and allows the holy rituals to continue uninterrupted. After performing his duties. Dushyanta goes to the same orchard that he first met Shakuntala at and once again hides behind the trees to gaze at his beloved. Shakuntala who has fallen madly in love with Dushyanta, rests under a tree, while her friends ask her about the reason behind her recent unhappiness .After revealing the symptoms of her pain and suffering, they tell her what she is experiencing is love and that she is heartsick for someone. Shakuntala replies that from the moment that she met Dushyanta she has been impatient to see him again. One of her friends suggests that Shakuntala must write a love poem for Dushyanta to let him know about her feelings. Shakuntala composes a beautiful poem on the spot and writes it on a lotus leaf with her nails. Then she recites the poem for her friends. When the King hears the poem, he loses his patience and reveals his presence to the girls at the garden. Seeing this the girls leave and allow their friend and Dusyanta to be alone. The King then tells Shakuntala who he really is and that he is madly in love with her too. 

Once they proclaimed their feelings for one another their love constitutes a marriage between Dushyanta and Shakuntala and they  secretly become husband and wife. After a few months, it is time for the King to return to the capital. Before going back, the King tells Shauntala to wait for her father to come back from a trip and then join him at the palace to make their marriage public and officially announce it .As days pass by, Shakuntala who is still waiting for her father to return becomes more impatient which causes her to neglect her everyday duties. One day an old sage named Durvas  as arrives at the Ashram, and expecting the usual hospitality that is afforded to the men of cloth at a monastery, announces his arrival. 

Shakuntala being deep in her thoughts ignores the sage’s call and forgets to honor him. The short-tempered sage loses his composure and puts a curse on Shakuntala and tells her that the man who loves her shall never remember her again. At this moment one of Shakuntala’s friends rushes to her help and after honoring the sage and apologizing for Shakuntala’s in  attentiveness begs him to lift the curse. The sage concedes that the curse will be over only when the king sees a token of Shakuntala’s love or an object that was given to her by him. Shakuntala’s friend reminds her of the ring that Dushyanta gave to her when they first met and tells her to remember to take it with her to the palace, in case the curse was real and the king had forgotten about her. While in deep meditation, Shakuntala’s father, sage Kanva, hears a voice congratulating him on her daughter’s marriage to King Dushyanta, and that he must give his blessing to their union because she is now carrying the child  that will rule the world. Hearing the voice, Kanva sends a messenger to the Ashram and lets Shakuntala know that she has his blessing to join her husband at the palace. Next, the trees of the forest bless Shakuntala by miraculously providing her with ornaments to wear for her wedding. 

At the palace, the youthful king, who is now be witched, hears a song that fills him with both desire and sorrow. Surprised by the overflow of emotions he wonders why he has suddenly lost his composure when he is not even separated from anyone he loves. Next Shakuntala and her companions arrive at the palace and tell the king that the bride’s father has granted his blessing and he can now receive his wife without worry. The King, baffled by their claims, does not remember Shakuntala and tells them that he has never met a girl named Shakuntala let alone marrying her. Shakuntala desperately tries to clear her name and remind Dusyanta of their relationship but the King continues to act as he has never met her. At this moment Shakuntala looks for the king’s ring and realizes that it is not on her finger and it has been lost. Wondering what to do with the girl, the king consults with the court’s priest and decides to give shelter to Shakuntala until her baby is born .If the child is truly Dushyanta’s then hew ill bear the divine sign of a future king on his body. 

Meanwhile, heartbroken by the king’s rejection, Shakuntala prays and begs the earth to swallow her up. Suddenly a light shines upon her and carries her away to another realm. When the news of her disappearance reaches Dushyanta, he gets anxious and questions his behavior towards Shakuntala, and asks himself if she truly was his wife. Next, a fisherman finds the King’s lost ring inside a fish’s belly and brings it to the court. Upon seeing it, the king remembers Shakuntala and is instantly plunged into remorse and depression. Days pass and the king’s mental state deteriorates to the point that everyone says he has caught the “Shakuntala Fever”. One day, a demon attacks the palace and tries to capture the king’s confidant. When Dusyanta rushes to his aid, the charioteer of the king of gods, Indra, appears and tells him that an invincible breed of demons has assembled to take over the world and he must defeat them. Hearing this the King obeys the divine command and embarks on his heavenly campaign. Six years later, Dusyanta successfully crushes the demonic army and is on his way back to his kingdom. While flying to earth on Indra’s chariot, suddenly the king sees the golden peak of the mountain of gods. Dushyanta feels an invisible force dragging him to that place and asks the charioteer to take him there to honor Marica, Indra’s celestial father .

Upon arriving at Marica’s holy hermitage, like the first time that he met Shakuntala, a vein in Dushyanta’s arm throbs.  The king remembers his desire to reunite with her and painfully tells himself that he has forever lost the fortune that was once the love of his life. Right at this moment, he sees a little boy playing with a lion cub at the temple. The king is surprised by the sense of connection that he feels towards the boy and after observing him for a few moments he realizes that he carries the signs of a future king. The boy’s servants tell the king that his bloodline goes back to the kings of the Puru lineage who are Dushyanta’s family and the this mother was allowed to give birth to him at the heavenly temple because she is the daughter of a nymph. Upon hearing this and finding out that the name of the boy’s mother is Shakuntala the king rejoices and realizes that this must be the end of his search for his wife. Right at this moment, the boy drops his protective amulet and the king picks it up. The servants tell the king that he must be the father of the boy because the necklace can only be picked up by the boy’s real parents. The king is still in awe that Shakuntala enters. 

Dushyanta immediately recognizes his wife but Shakuntala does not recognize him. Dushyanta tells her that the curse has come full circle since now it is him who needs to be recognized by her. Shakuntala then remembers Dusyanta and breaks down in tears. Dushyanta tells her how the ring was returned to him and offers it to his wife again but Shakuntala refuses it and asks the king to wear it himself. Next Dushyanta, Shakuntala and their son go to ask Marica for his blessing. Marica bestows his blessing upon them and tells the king that his son will in fact become a universal emperor. Then he tells them to return to their country and keep the covenant between the kingdom of Indra in heaven and Dushyanta’s kingdom on earth strong.

Shakuntala summary and theme analysis

Green Land | January 29, 2023 | 0 comments

Shakuntala summary and theme analysis

Shakuntala or the recognition of a Shakuntala is a beautiful story of love and enlightenment that takes its readers on a heartwarming journey where honesty and faith overcome separation and sorrow, and the light of love shines through the darkness of wickedness and jealousy. The story of Shakuntala originally appears in the epic of Mahabharata as a precursor to the Pandava and Kaurava lineages. Later the great Indian author, Kalidasa, who was greatly influenced by the ancient Indian epics such as Mahabharata and Ramayana, turn edit into a beautiful play that to this day has captured the imagination of the world and has become one of the most sought after classics. 

The main themes of Shakuntala are spirituality ,love, duty, honesty, and faithfulness. The story of Shakuntala starts in the forests of Hastinapura in northern India, where King Dushyanta chases after a deer in a hunt. Right when the youthful king is about to release his arrow and slay the deer, a sage stops him and tells him that the deer belongs to a hermitage nearby and that as a king his duty is to defend the innocent not to kill them. The King respects the spiritual man’s wish and spares the deer’s life. In response to this merciful action, the sage prays for the monarch and prophecies that he will have a son that will rule the world. Then he suggests that the king should visit the nearby ashram of sage Kanva where the deer belongs. When the royal chariot nears the monastery, the King removes his crown and wears regular clothing to look modest .As he enters the sacred grove, a vein throbs in his arms, an omen foretelling of a beautiful woman’s charm.  At this moment three girls arrive at the groves to water the trees. 

Shakuntala

The king hides in the shadows to observe the girls and right away he is blown away by the beauty of one of them, named Shakuntala. The girls playfully attend to the trees, suddenly a bee frightens Shakuntala and her friends seeing her disturbed jokingly say that she should call on King Dushyanta for help. Right at this moment the King steps out of his hiding place and makes his presence known to the girls. Without knowing who the newly arrived stranger is, Shakuntala falls in love with him at first sight. One of the girls asks the king who he is? And the king answers that he is the new minister of religious welfare and he is there to make sure that the monastery is well taken care of. The King, who is under the impression that Shakuntala is the daughter of the sage of that Ashram, asks how is it possible that a sage could have any child? 

One of the girls answers that the sage is only Shakuntala’s spiritual father and that her true biological parents are a royal sage and a nymph. Dushyanta asks Shakuntala if she is eager to end her vow of chastity and marry, which makes the girl angry .The King seeing his question making Shakuntala angry, gives his ring to her and relieves  her of her hospitality duties. Suddenly his men arrive and tell him that the royal entourage has caused an elephant to go berserk in the sacred grove and that he must go and help with it.  Dushyanta cannot get Shakuntala out of his head and his privileged royal life becomes joyless labor without her. Her beauty has left such a lasting impression on the king’s mind that in his eyes everything pales in comparison to her mesmerizing gaze. Next, two messengers from the Ashram arrive at the King’s camp and tell Dusyanta that evil spirits have attacked the monastery and that Shakuntala’s father, sage Kanva, is as king for the King’s help to protect the sacred grove and preserve the holy rituals. Dushyanta, hoping to see Shakuntala again,  accepts the challenge and goes back to them on astery .

The King's spiritual power expels the demons from the Ashram and allows the holy rituals to continue uninterrupted. After performing his duties. Dushyanta goes to the same orchard that he first met Shakuntala at and once again hides behind the trees to gaze at his beloved. Shakuntala who has fallen madly in love with Dushyanta, rests under a tree, while her friends ask her about the reason behind her recent unhappiness .After revealing the symptoms of her pain and suffering, they tell her what she is experiencing is love and that she is heartsick for someone. Shakuntala replies that from the moment that she met Dushyanta she has been impatient to see him again. One of her friends suggests that Shakuntala must write a love poem for Dushyanta to let him know about her feelings. Shakuntala composes a beautiful poem on the spot and writes it on a lotus leaf with her nails. Then she recites the poem for her friends. When the King hears the poem, he loses his patience and reveals his presence to the girls at the garden. Seeing this the girls leave and allow their friend and Dusyanta to be alone. The King then tells Shakuntala who he really is and that he is madly in love with her too. 

Once they proclaimed their feelings for one another their love constitutes a marriage between Dushyanta and Shakuntala and they  secretly become husband and wife. After a few months, it is time for the King to return to the capital. Before going back, the King tells Shauntala to wait for her father to come back from a trip and then join him at the palace to make their marriage public and officially announce it .As days pass by, Shakuntala who is still waiting for her father to return becomes more impatient which causes her to neglect her everyday duties. One day an old sage named Durvas  as arrives at the Ashram, and expecting the usual hospitality that is afforded to the men of cloth at a monastery, announces his arrival. 

Shakuntala being deep in her thoughts ignores the sage’s call and forgets to honor him. The short-tempered sage loses his composure and puts a curse on Shakuntala and tells her that the man who loves her shall never remember her again. At this moment one of Shakuntala’s friends rushes to her help and after honoring the sage and apologizing for Shakuntala’s in  attentiveness begs him to lift the curse. The sage concedes that the curse will be over only when the king sees a token of Shakuntala’s love or an object that was given to her by him. Shakuntala’s friend reminds her of the ring that Dushyanta gave to her when they first met and tells her to remember to take it with her to the palace, in case the curse was real and the king had forgotten about her. While in deep meditation, Shakuntala’s father, sage Kanva, hears a voice congratulating him on her daughter’s marriage to King Dushyanta, and that he must give his blessing to their union because she is now carrying the child  that will rule the world. Hearing the voice, Kanva sends a messenger to the Ashram and lets Shakuntala know that she has his blessing to join her husband at the palace. Next, the trees of the forest bless Shakuntala by miraculously providing her with ornaments to wear for her wedding. 

At the palace, the youthful king, who is now be witched, hears a song that fills him with both desire and sorrow. Surprised by the overflow of emotions he wonders why he has suddenly lost his composure when he is not even separated from anyone he loves. Next Shakuntala and her companions arrive at the palace and tell the king that the bride’s father has granted his blessing and he can now receive his wife without worry. The King, baffled by their claims, does not remember Shakuntala and tells them that he has never met a girl named Shakuntala let alone marrying her. Shakuntala desperately tries to clear her name and remind Dusyanta of their relationship but the King continues to act as he has never met her. At this moment Shakuntala looks for the king’s ring and realizes that it is not on her finger and it has been lost. Wondering what to do with the girl, the king consults with the court’s priest and decides to give shelter to Shakuntala until her baby is born .If the child is truly Dushyanta’s then hew ill bear the divine sign of a future king on his body. 

Meanwhile, heartbroken by the king’s rejection, Shakuntala prays and begs the earth to swallow her up. Suddenly a light shines upon her and carries her away to another realm. When the news of her disappearance reaches Dushyanta, he gets anxious and questions his behavior towards Shakuntala, and asks himself if she truly was his wife. Next, a fisherman finds the King’s lost ring inside a fish’s belly and brings it to the court. Upon seeing it, the king remembers Shakuntala and is instantly plunged into remorse and depression. Days pass and the king’s mental state deteriorates to the point that everyone says he has caught the “Shakuntala Fever”. One day, a demon attacks the palace and tries to capture the king’s confidant. When Dusyanta rushes to his aid, the charioteer of the king of gods, Indra, appears and tells him that an invincible breed of demons has assembled to take over the world and he must defeat them. Hearing this the King obeys the divine command and embarks on his heavenly campaign. Six years later, Dusyanta successfully crushes the demonic army and is on his way back to his kingdom. While flying to earth on Indra’s chariot, suddenly the king sees the golden peak of the mountain of gods. Dushyanta feels an invisible force dragging him to that place and asks the charioteer to take him there to honor Marica, Indra’s celestial father .

Upon arriving at Marica’s holy hermitage, like the first time that he met Shakuntala, a vein in Dushyanta’s arm throbs.  The king remembers his desire to reunite with her and painfully tells himself that he has forever lost the fortune that was once the love of his life. Right at this moment, he sees a little boy playing with a lion cub at the temple. The king is surprised by the sense of connection that he feels towards the boy and after observing him for a few moments he realizes that he carries the signs of a future king. The boy’s servants tell the king that his bloodline goes back to the kings of the Puru lineage who are Dushyanta’s family and the this mother was allowed to give birth to him at the heavenly temple because she is the daughter of a nymph. Upon hearing this and finding out that the name of the boy’s mother is Shakuntala the king rejoices and realizes that this must be the end of his search for his wife. Right at this moment, the boy drops his protective amulet and the king picks it up. The servants tell the king that he must be the father of the boy because the necklace can only be picked up by the boy’s real parents. The king is still in awe that Shakuntala enters. 

Dushyanta immediately recognizes his wife but Shakuntala does not recognize him. Dushyanta tells her that the curse has come full circle since now it is him who needs to be recognized by her. Shakuntala then remembers Dusyanta and breaks down in tears. Dushyanta tells her how the ring was returned to him and offers it to his wife again but Shakuntala refuses it and asks the king to wear it himself. Next Dushyanta, Shakuntala and their son go to ask Marica for his blessing. Marica bestows his blessing upon them and tells the king that his son will in fact become a universal emperor. Then he tells them to return to their country and keep the covenant between the kingdom of Indra in heaven and Dushyanta’s kingdom on earth strong.

readmore

Sons and Lovers summary and theme analysis

Summary of the novel and the theme of the novel. So about the  writer David Herbert Lawrence , You know that , he was born in 1885 in England and his own experience growing up in coal mining family. As we  will see that in Sons and Lovers also he was a modern modern writer . Lawrence had many affairs with women. So this was a small information about the writer. Now, we will go to the about the poem so the novel was published in 1913 and before publication the title was Paul Morel. It is also an autobiographical novel ,coming-of-age novel and buildings Romans also so let's go to directly to the summary of the novel .

Sons and Lovers

 

This story starts with Mrs. Morel ,Mrs. Morel falls in love with a man named Walter Morel but their basis of love between them was physical attraction and the relation which is based on physical attraction does not go longer and this was happened between this husband and wife after few days of marriage problem arises in their conjugal life . Mrs. Morel came to know that Mr. Morel belongs to a poor family does not earn sufficient money. Even the furniture in their home was taken in loan . Walter Morel has no amount that he can pay for the furniture and Friends the physical attraction also gone and between them there was no thread that can tie their relationship. Every day they quarreled over some petty issues and  Walter Morel used to go to the wine bar and return home drinking wine and whips Morel friends the condition was worse and fighting and quarreling was a common event in their home and the poverty was also there in the meantime . Mrs. Morel gives birth one is William Morel and other is Annie Morel. Now Mrs. morel attraction completely ended from his husband and totally shifted to his elder son William morel as he was a boy the whole concentration and caring falls on him .Whatever love and happiness was not gained from her husband. She expects those from his son William friends the condition and situation was getting worse in the meantime. Mrs. Morel gets pregnant again but Mrs. Morel has no intention to bear this child as the things that Mr. Morel his husband drinks wine regularly and their financial condition was not so good so the thought not to accept their third child but it does not go according to Mrs. morals planning after all life goes its own flow not anybody's planning this time the third child was born and his name was Paul . Even after Paul morel's birth their quarreling does not stop the same story repeats in this family day after day . Mr. Morel drinks every day and every day. One day Mr. Morel losses all money in drinking and steals Mrs. morel's money from her hidden place. Where she kept it so in the relationship there were many loopholes friends in this way time passes and passes and one day Walter become ill  . But Mrs. Morel takes care her husband and completely cures his illness friends after the hat trick Mrs. Morel bore another child and his name was Arthur Morel. the youngest child a mid this the eldest son .

William gets a job offer from London. He shifted to London but William dies there of a skin disease. Mrs. Morel feels aghast hearing this bad news. As he was her favorite child and the sadness gets sparked when she came to know that Paul Morel has also a disease in pneumonia . Mrs. Morel becomes so  afraid and engaged by day and night to look after his third child Paul. More land slowly Paul Morel heals getting his mother's care and love . Now Mrs. Morel son Paul Morel turns in adolescence and become a young man . He had a love affair with Miriam Leivers  ,a farmer girl , a poor girl Mrs. Morel does not like the relationship as Miriam was a farmer's girl .. Miriam had a friends named Clara. Clara is a married woman but Clara's husband Baxter has left her without any divorce .

Clara meets Paul and as Paul was young . Clara uses Paul to fulfill her sexual desires but in the meantime .Mrs. Morel falls ill her pain increases due to illness. Paul looks after her mother to relieve her excessive pain ball gives an overdose of a medicine named morphia  is used to decrease the pain due to overdose . Paul's mother Mrs. Morel dies and she gets relieved from this pain for ever and ever Friends, Paul becomes depressed and disappointed frustrated for his mother's death, He goes to Miriam but Miriam does not accept him . Paul becomes so alone and Clara returned back to her husband Baxter and Paul lost in darkness At the end of the novel., He thought to suicide but he does not he lost in uncertainty so this is how the novel ends .

So, next we will discuss its theme of the novel so the theme of the novel is as a psychological novel and there is a some Oedipus complex .The theme  mainly is based on Oedipus complex Sigmund Freud's theory of sexuality and there is also mutual love story . Mrs. Morel had a very possession and a good possession over her many sons but specially here. Paul Morel and Paul Morel loves Miriam Leivers son the other hand Clara also loves more Paul Morel and Paul also loves Clara on the other hand Baxter Dawes also loves Clara so this was the mutual love story and the diverse complex handles it's a very psychological novel .

Sons and Lovers summary and theme analysis

Green Land | January 29, 2023 | 0 comments

Sons and Lovers summary and theme analysis

Summary of the novel and the theme of the novel. So about the  writer David Herbert Lawrence , You know that , he was born in 1885 in England and his own experience growing up in coal mining family. As we  will see that in Sons and Lovers also he was a modern modern writer . Lawrence had many affairs with women. So this was a small information about the writer. Now, we will go to the about the poem so the novel was published in 1913 and before publication the title was Paul Morel. It is also an autobiographical novel ,coming-of-age novel and buildings Romans also so let's go to directly to the summary of the novel .

Sons and Lovers

 

This story starts with Mrs. Morel ,Mrs. Morel falls in love with a man named Walter Morel but their basis of love between them was physical attraction and the relation which is based on physical attraction does not go longer and this was happened between this husband and wife after few days of marriage problem arises in their conjugal life . Mrs. Morel came to know that Mr. Morel belongs to a poor family does not earn sufficient money. Even the furniture in their home was taken in loan . Walter Morel has no amount that he can pay for the furniture and Friends the physical attraction also gone and between them there was no thread that can tie their relationship. Every day they quarreled over some petty issues and  Walter Morel used to go to the wine bar and return home drinking wine and whips Morel friends the condition was worse and fighting and quarreling was a common event in their home and the poverty was also there in the meantime . Mrs. Morel gives birth one is William Morel and other is Annie Morel. Now Mrs. morel attraction completely ended from his husband and totally shifted to his elder son William morel as he was a boy the whole concentration and caring falls on him .Whatever love and happiness was not gained from her husband. She expects those from his son William friends the condition and situation was getting worse in the meantime. Mrs. Morel gets pregnant again but Mrs. Morel has no intention to bear this child as the things that Mr. Morel his husband drinks wine regularly and their financial condition was not so good so the thought not to accept their third child but it does not go according to Mrs. morals planning after all life goes its own flow not anybody's planning this time the third child was born and his name was Paul . Even after Paul morel's birth their quarreling does not stop the same story repeats in this family day after day . Mr. Morel drinks every day and every day. One day Mr. Morel losses all money in drinking and steals Mrs. morel's money from her hidden place. Where she kept it so in the relationship there were many loopholes friends in this way time passes and passes and one day Walter become ill  . But Mrs. Morel takes care her husband and completely cures his illness friends after the hat trick Mrs. Morel bore another child and his name was Arthur Morel. the youngest child a mid this the eldest son .

William gets a job offer from London. He shifted to London but William dies there of a skin disease. Mrs. Morel feels aghast hearing this bad news. As he was her favorite child and the sadness gets sparked when she came to know that Paul Morel has also a disease in pneumonia . Mrs. Morel becomes so  afraid and engaged by day and night to look after his third child Paul. More land slowly Paul Morel heals getting his mother's care and love . Now Mrs. Morel son Paul Morel turns in adolescence and become a young man . He had a love affair with Miriam Leivers  ,a farmer girl , a poor girl Mrs. Morel does not like the relationship as Miriam was a farmer's girl .. Miriam had a friends named Clara. Clara is a married woman but Clara's husband Baxter has left her without any divorce .

Clara meets Paul and as Paul was young . Clara uses Paul to fulfill her sexual desires but in the meantime .Mrs. Morel falls ill her pain increases due to illness. Paul looks after her mother to relieve her excessive pain ball gives an overdose of a medicine named morphia  is used to decrease the pain due to overdose . Paul's mother Mrs. Morel dies and she gets relieved from this pain for ever and ever Friends, Paul becomes depressed and disappointed frustrated for his mother's death, He goes to Miriam but Miriam does not accept him . Paul becomes so alone and Clara returned back to her husband Baxter and Paul lost in darkness At the end of the novel., He thought to suicide but he does not he lost in uncertainty so this is how the novel ends .

So, next we will discuss its theme of the novel so the theme of the novel is as a psychological novel and there is a some Oedipus complex .The theme  mainly is based on Oedipus complex Sigmund Freud's theory of sexuality and there is also mutual love story . Mrs. Morel had a very possession and a good possession over her many sons but specially here. Paul Morel and Paul Morel loves Miriam Leivers son the other hand Clara also loves more Paul Morel and Paul also loves Clara on the other hand Baxter Dawes also loves Clara so this was the mutual love story and the diverse complex handles it's a very psychological novel .

readmore

Where the mind is without fear

Fleeting mind, where are you flying? To the hills of restlessness, or to the dales of calm? To the depths of the oceans hitherto unexplored? Calm thyself, my greatest friend, or may I call you my most formidable foe, in times of unbridled emotional cataclysm? 

Where the Mind Is Without Fear

A focussed mind is a calm mind, a mind which generates great power, enough to set the turbines of the hydroelectric plants into motion, a mind which brings forth the innumerable discoveries which bless mankind. 

Calm thee my friend, like a Zen master, a single ripple sending forth bursts of sudden thought, to be eclipsed to oblivion by the calm mind. 

Restless mind, focus on your breath, the deep inspiration and expiration, till you become one with the breath; the state of mind called 'Satori', where time and tide stand still; the hours pass by into the deep fathomless void. 

The mind, the great tool possessed by humanity, you are not meant to be wasted on the millions of unwanted thoughts that wade through you, the quality of which, either makes life a beautiful paradise, or the abominable Hades akin to Dante's Hell. Why my friend, my great mind do you send people into the depths of despair, the uncontrolled negative repetitive thoughts creating hitherto unheard of terms like 'Depression', 'Anxiety', and 'Suicide'? Restless mind, when you accept things for what they are, instead of trying to change the world to suit your liking, would you not embrace peace? 

Mind like a volcano, why do you not accept the uniqueness of every human being, how would the world look like, if clad in similar colours, with nothing to break the drab monotony. Mind like water, you go with the flow, creating paths where none exist, filling the vacuum which exists, accepting the beauty of every present moment, the beauty in unevenness, and the unevenness in every beautiful form. My mind, when you see the reality for what it is, rather than project your hopes and aspirations into the present, do you not distort the nature of reality, and the nature of your progress? Mind, when you calm yourself, all thoughts fade away; you bear no angst towards anyone, neither do the worries of the past, nor the fears of the future torment you. You release everything, till there is nothing left to be released; you and the body you occupy then become one. This state of mind achieved by years of meditative practice is what they refer to as enlightenment, where you do not seek approval from others, and do not have to prove anything to anyone; a state where everything becomes effortless, there is no more struggle or strain, just the calm realisation of ones' self. 

A mind truly without fear, is a mind without expectation or ego, where you cherish every moment for what it is, enjoy every activity for what it is, immerse yourself fully in the task at the moment-what the modern-day Psychologists call the 'Zone', ... where hours seem like minutes, and time just fades away without much ado... and you remain in the 'Divine Now.'

Where the Mind Is Without Fear

Green Land | January 27, 2023 | 0 comments

Where the mind is without fear

Fleeting mind, where are you flying? To the hills of restlessness, or to the dales of calm? To the depths of the oceans hitherto unexplored? Calm thyself, my greatest friend, or may I call you my most formidable foe, in times of unbridled emotional cataclysm? 

Where the Mind Is Without Fear

A focussed mind is a calm mind, a mind which generates great power, enough to set the turbines of the hydroelectric plants into motion, a mind which brings forth the innumerable discoveries which bless mankind. 

Calm thee my friend, like a Zen master, a single ripple sending forth bursts of sudden thought, to be eclipsed to oblivion by the calm mind. 

Restless mind, focus on your breath, the deep inspiration and expiration, till you become one with the breath; the state of mind called 'Satori', where time and tide stand still; the hours pass by into the deep fathomless void. 

The mind, the great tool possessed by humanity, you are not meant to be wasted on the millions of unwanted thoughts that wade through you, the quality of which, either makes life a beautiful paradise, or the abominable Hades akin to Dante's Hell. Why my friend, my great mind do you send people into the depths of despair, the uncontrolled negative repetitive thoughts creating hitherto unheard of terms like 'Depression', 'Anxiety', and 'Suicide'? Restless mind, when you accept things for what they are, instead of trying to change the world to suit your liking, would you not embrace peace? 

Mind like a volcano, why do you not accept the uniqueness of every human being, how would the world look like, if clad in similar colours, with nothing to break the drab monotony. Mind like water, you go with the flow, creating paths where none exist, filling the vacuum which exists, accepting the beauty of every present moment, the beauty in unevenness, and the unevenness in every beautiful form. My mind, when you see the reality for what it is, rather than project your hopes and aspirations into the present, do you not distort the nature of reality, and the nature of your progress? Mind, when you calm yourself, all thoughts fade away; you bear no angst towards anyone, neither do the worries of the past, nor the fears of the future torment you. You release everything, till there is nothing left to be released; you and the body you occupy then become one. This state of mind achieved by years of meditative practice is what they refer to as enlightenment, where you do not seek approval from others, and do not have to prove anything to anyone; a state where everything becomes effortless, there is no more struggle or strain, just the calm realisation of ones' self. 

A mind truly without fear, is a mind without expectation or ego, where you cherish every moment for what it is, enjoy every activity for what it is, immerse yourself fully in the task at the moment-what the modern-day Psychologists call the 'Zone', ... where hours seem like minutes, and time just fades away without much ado... and you remain in the 'Divine Now.'

readmore

Use of Different Types of Irony in English Literature

Use of words in a humorous and satirical intention, as a result of which the meaning is exact opposite of what is actually said.. There are different kinds of irony. Some of them are discussed below.

Dramatic and tragic Irony by Sophocles:

Oedipus Rex is an example of sustained dramatic irony. Oedipus is represented throughout the play seeking for the murderer of Laius, only to find at the end to his great surprise that he himself was the guilty one. The term dramatic Irony has another meaning also; it describes the situation when a character in a play speaks lines which are understood in a double sense by the audience though not by the characters on the stage. The drama has also the Irony of situation which arises when a set of circumstances turn out to be the opposite of those anticipated or considered appropriate.


4 types of irony in literature

Irony by Socrates:

Irony develops from the element of concealment and simulation. Socrates used the device of another man's point of view in order to ridicule him and reveal his weakness and it was known as Socratic irony.

Irony by Jonathon Swift:

Swift was one of the great masters in the English of sustained irony. In his "The Shortest Way with Dissenters Defoe" pretends to advocate what he actually does not like. Many techniques are used for achieving irony. The writer may make it clear that the meaning he intends is the opposite of his literal one or he may construct a discrepancy between an assumption and its completion or among the appearance of situation and really behind it. Whatever be the technique the writer demands that the readers sees concealed meaning that lies beneath his surface statement.

Irony of Chaucer:

The irony of Chaucer is a complete satire on society's corrupt dealings. Chaucer describes the corrupt friar as a worthy man. He also calls him a "noble post" to his holy post. We all know that the Friar of Geoffrey Chaucer is a dishonest man but Chaucer ironically calls him a respectable man. Friar tells the people not to weep and pray to get pardon for their sins, but instead of this, they should give money to the poor Friars and their sins will be pardoned. In the same way Chaucer has discussed the character of prioress. Prioress is a head of the convent. She is of loose character and not a noble and pious woman. Whereas she is supposed to be a woman of good character and sexually pure. But she has not at all the above mentioned characteristics. She has five legal husbands that are apart from many other illegal husbands in her youth but Chaucer calls her ironically "a good wife" and a "worthy woman". After telling about her faults and sins, the Chaucer ends up her character ironically as a "noble woman".

"Irony is a literary term. Irony is used to say something in a humorous way but the outer meanings are opposite to the outer or apparent meanings. For example, if we call an ugly woman as "Miss World", it will be an irony. Acknowledged with use of dramatic and tragic Irony.


What is Irony in Literature? 4 Types of Irony- Literaturemini

Green Land | January 24, 2023 | 0 comments

Use of Different Types of Irony in English Literature

Use of words in a humorous and satirical intention, as a result of which the meaning is exact opposite of what is actually said.. There are different kinds of irony. Some of them are discussed below.

Dramatic and tragic Irony by Sophocles:

Oedipus Rex is an example of sustained dramatic irony. Oedipus is represented throughout the play seeking for the murderer of Laius, only to find at the end to his great surprise that he himself was the guilty one. The term dramatic Irony has another meaning also; it describes the situation when a character in a play speaks lines which are understood in a double sense by the audience though not by the characters on the stage. The drama has also the Irony of situation which arises when a set of circumstances turn out to be the opposite of those anticipated or considered appropriate.


4 types of irony in literature

Irony by Socrates:

Irony develops from the element of concealment and simulation. Socrates used the device of another man's point of view in order to ridicule him and reveal his weakness and it was known as Socratic irony.

Irony by Jonathon Swift:

Swift was one of the great masters in the English of sustained irony. In his "The Shortest Way with Dissenters Defoe" pretends to advocate what he actually does not like. Many techniques are used for achieving irony. The writer may make it clear that the meaning he intends is the opposite of his literal one or he may construct a discrepancy between an assumption and its completion or among the appearance of situation and really behind it. Whatever be the technique the writer demands that the readers sees concealed meaning that lies beneath his surface statement.

Irony of Chaucer:

The irony of Chaucer is a complete satire on society's corrupt dealings. Chaucer describes the corrupt friar as a worthy man. He also calls him a "noble post" to his holy post. We all know that the Friar of Geoffrey Chaucer is a dishonest man but Chaucer ironically calls him a respectable man. Friar tells the people not to weep and pray to get pardon for their sins, but instead of this, they should give money to the poor Friars and their sins will be pardoned. In the same way Chaucer has discussed the character of prioress. Prioress is a head of the convent. She is of loose character and not a noble and pious woman. Whereas she is supposed to be a woman of good character and sexually pure. But she has not at all the above mentioned characteristics. She has five legal husbands that are apart from many other illegal husbands in her youth but Chaucer calls her ironically "a good wife" and a "worthy woman". After telling about her faults and sins, the Chaucer ends up her character ironically as a "noble woman".

"Irony is a literary term. Irony is used to say something in a humorous way but the outer meanings are opposite to the outer or apparent meanings. For example, if we call an ugly woman as "Miss World", it will be an irony. Acknowledged with use of dramatic and tragic Irony.


readmore

Musicians in the romantic period

From the 1800s to about 1910, Western classical music was defined by its soaring melodies and ever-expanding orchestrations, originality and self-expression. Here are the composers who made all this possible: There are many musicians in the romantic period.

Romance time. In the wonderful words of composer and classical FM host John Branning, "They named him twice. So good."

The 'early' Romantic era began around 1800 with the great classical music of the time Ludwig van his Beethoven. His symphonic revolution ushered in a new era in music history. Fast forward to the turn of the century and music looked very different from the classical era (1730-1820). Late-romantic composers like Rachmaninoff and Mahler expanded the orchestra to an unprecedented scale, adding more colors and instruments, transforming the music into a range of human emotions, from sorrow to joy, passion to sorrow. I changed it to a way to express the whole range.

Here we explore some of the biggest contributors to romance.

Musicians in romantic period



01. Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)

Frédéric Chopin was a virtuoso pianist who wrote almost exclusively for his instrument. The piano underwent major changes in his nineteenth century, with composers becoming more ambitious in range, color and dynamics. It became a symbol of Romanticism and was expanded to meet the needs of musicians like Chopin. Of his repertoire, preludes were favorites of Polish Romanticism, and his nocturnes, waltzes, etudes, mazurkas, sonatas and concertos are still some of the pianist's most popular repertoires today.

02. Franz Liszt (1811-1886)

Another composer, Franz Liszt, called "the world's first rock star", took the virtuoso piano art to new heights. The great Hungarian composer, known for his astonishingly demonic La Campanella repertoire, was a showman who revolutionized the performing arts. At his recital, Liszt's fans stripped him of his clothes and shouted his name. This is the phenomenon that the German poet Heinrich Heine called "listomania".In today's recital, we often hear Liszt's timeless and beautiful song No. 3 in A-flat major.

03. Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)

The undisputed king of Italian opera, Verdi is known not only for his monumental Requiem, but above all for his great stage productions: La Traviata, Rigoletto, Nabucco, Aida. Fate of Destiny" and "Il Trovatore". Written primarily around the time of Italian unification, Verdi's operas have become an integral part of Italy's national identity, and his chorus has been adopted as the hymn of Italian freedom fighters. In nineteenth-century Italy, Verdi was the king of music. His death in 1901 brought grief to a nation deeply connected to his passion for opera.

04. Richard Wagner (1813-1883)

Richard's list of Wagnerian innovations in 19th-century music goes on, including new instruments, bespoke venues, and extraordinarily long works A rather controversial figure largely due to his ties to Nazism – see his gallery of facts here for more – Wagner was a musical visionary best known for opera . His most enduring works include The Flying Dutchman, Tannhäuser, Tristan, Isolde and of course his monumental Ring Cycle, his four opera productions lasting 15 hours. . He gave the opera a "leitmotif". It is a musical feature that is widely used today and intended to represent characters and themes. Remember the music of Darth Vader from Star Wars.

05. Fanny Mendelssohn (1805-1847)

Fanny Mendelssohn was a truly great composer, but getting her work published in the 19th century was an almost overwhelming ordeal. Her brother Felix Mendelssohn wrote that the Violin Concerto in E Minor and Hebrides was a regular feature in her 21st Century Concerts program, and Fanny felt she should not publish music as a woman. was He decided that many of her works, including her rather wonderful song Italia, should be published under his name. In all, Fanny wrote 460 pieces of music, including many without words, a genre of piano music made famous by her brother Felix Mendelssohn. Musicologists now believe Fanny to be the pioneer of this form.

06. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)

Tchaikovsky is one of the most successful Russian composers. He is a prolific composer of symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, and chamber music, whose ballets The Nutcracker, Swan Lake, and Sleeping Beauty are guaranteed to sell out worldwide, and whose symphonies and The concerto is a mainstay on the international concert stage today. Tchaikovsky was also a deeply troubled man, and his work was shaped by the emotional aftermath of a disastrous marriage, multiple love affairs, and homosexuality, which was illegal in Russia at the time.

07. Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)

Have you heard the German Requiem? Brahms is one of the most respected and beloved composers of the Romantic era. His symphonies, piano and violin concertos, delightful academic overtures for his festivals, and the moving German Requiem, written after the death of his mother, are among his most performed works. . Discovering Brahms' music also means exploring the fascinating blend of classical tradition with folk and gypsy influences that are the inspiration for his 21 dynamic and varied Hungarian dances. .

08. Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)

You say sobbing Aria, we say Puccini. This great Italian composer is one of the most performed operas of our time, including La Bohème, Tosca, Madame Butterfly, and Turandot, and the core of every song is absolutely heartbreaking music. In fact, his last opera, Turandot, contains the great tenor's aria "Nessundorma", making him one of the few 20th-century operas to gain a foothold in opera houses around the world. It's one. While working on his final work, Puccini said:

"God Almighty touched me with his pinky finger and said, 'Write for the play, remember only for the play.' "And I obeyed his highest orders."

09. Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943)

Rachmaninoff is now moving into the late-romantic period, the ideal turn-of-the-century type of grandiose melodies and virtuoso pianism, whose masterpiece was certainly his 1901 Piano Concerto 2. Its subsequent use in the movie Brief Encounter made it one of the most popular to date. A famous gentleman with big hands, Rachmaninoff could have spanned his 12 piano keys from little finger to thumb. His Piano Concerto No. 3 has long been a favorite in his concert halls and challenges the soloist (literally) to the limits of his abilities.

10. Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)

For many, Mahler represents the culmination of the astonishing transformation that Western classical music has undergone over his century. As a symphonic master, Mahler thought: it must encompass all. There's more to Mahler's symphonies: frenzied violence, deep sentimentality, existential boredom. With Symphony No. 2, the phrase 'size matters' has never been more appropriate, but Mahler wanted to emphasize life and death in all its terrifying glory. Its emotional range and melodic tension make him one of those classic repertoire pieces that not only audiences want to hear, but orchestras and conductors alike want to play. .

Of course, romantic music doesn't end with these ten composers of his. The 19th century produced a melting pot of musical expression, with composers such as Richard Strauss, Felix Mendelssohn, Sibelius, Berlioz, Schumann, Grieg, Dvořák and Debussy contributing productively. Click on the name to learn more about the composer and their music. 


Musicians in the romantic period

Green Land | January 21, 2023 | 0 comments

Musicians in the romantic period

From the 1800s to about 1910, Western classical music was defined by its soaring melodies and ever-expanding orchestrations, originality and self-expression. Here are the composers who made all this possible: There are many musicians in the romantic period.

Romance time. In the wonderful words of composer and classical FM host John Branning, "They named him twice. So good."

The 'early' Romantic era began around 1800 with the great classical music of the time Ludwig van his Beethoven. His symphonic revolution ushered in a new era in music history. Fast forward to the turn of the century and music looked very different from the classical era (1730-1820). Late-romantic composers like Rachmaninoff and Mahler expanded the orchestra to an unprecedented scale, adding more colors and instruments, transforming the music into a range of human emotions, from sorrow to joy, passion to sorrow. I changed it to a way to express the whole range.

Here we explore some of the biggest contributors to romance.

Musicians in romantic period



01. Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)

Frédéric Chopin was a virtuoso pianist who wrote almost exclusively for his instrument. The piano underwent major changes in his nineteenth century, with composers becoming more ambitious in range, color and dynamics. It became a symbol of Romanticism and was expanded to meet the needs of musicians like Chopin. Of his repertoire, preludes were favorites of Polish Romanticism, and his nocturnes, waltzes, etudes, mazurkas, sonatas and concertos are still some of the pianist's most popular repertoires today.

02. Franz Liszt (1811-1886)

Another composer, Franz Liszt, called "the world's first rock star", took the virtuoso piano art to new heights. The great Hungarian composer, known for his astonishingly demonic La Campanella repertoire, was a showman who revolutionized the performing arts. At his recital, Liszt's fans stripped him of his clothes and shouted his name. This is the phenomenon that the German poet Heinrich Heine called "listomania".In today's recital, we often hear Liszt's timeless and beautiful song No. 3 in A-flat major.

03. Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)

The undisputed king of Italian opera, Verdi is known not only for his monumental Requiem, but above all for his great stage productions: La Traviata, Rigoletto, Nabucco, Aida. Fate of Destiny" and "Il Trovatore". Written primarily around the time of Italian unification, Verdi's operas have become an integral part of Italy's national identity, and his chorus has been adopted as the hymn of Italian freedom fighters. In nineteenth-century Italy, Verdi was the king of music. His death in 1901 brought grief to a nation deeply connected to his passion for opera.

04. Richard Wagner (1813-1883)

Richard's list of Wagnerian innovations in 19th-century music goes on, including new instruments, bespoke venues, and extraordinarily long works A rather controversial figure largely due to his ties to Nazism – see his gallery of facts here for more – Wagner was a musical visionary best known for opera . His most enduring works include The Flying Dutchman, Tannhäuser, Tristan, Isolde and of course his monumental Ring Cycle, his four opera productions lasting 15 hours. . He gave the opera a "leitmotif". It is a musical feature that is widely used today and intended to represent characters and themes. Remember the music of Darth Vader from Star Wars.

05. Fanny Mendelssohn (1805-1847)

Fanny Mendelssohn was a truly great composer, but getting her work published in the 19th century was an almost overwhelming ordeal. Her brother Felix Mendelssohn wrote that the Violin Concerto in E Minor and Hebrides was a regular feature in her 21st Century Concerts program, and Fanny felt she should not publish music as a woman. was He decided that many of her works, including her rather wonderful song Italia, should be published under his name. In all, Fanny wrote 460 pieces of music, including many without words, a genre of piano music made famous by her brother Felix Mendelssohn. Musicologists now believe Fanny to be the pioneer of this form.

06. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)

Tchaikovsky is one of the most successful Russian composers. He is a prolific composer of symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, and chamber music, whose ballets The Nutcracker, Swan Lake, and Sleeping Beauty are guaranteed to sell out worldwide, and whose symphonies and The concerto is a mainstay on the international concert stage today. Tchaikovsky was also a deeply troubled man, and his work was shaped by the emotional aftermath of a disastrous marriage, multiple love affairs, and homosexuality, which was illegal in Russia at the time.

07. Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)

Have you heard the German Requiem? Brahms is one of the most respected and beloved composers of the Romantic era. His symphonies, piano and violin concertos, delightful academic overtures for his festivals, and the moving German Requiem, written after the death of his mother, are among his most performed works. . Discovering Brahms' music also means exploring the fascinating blend of classical tradition with folk and gypsy influences that are the inspiration for his 21 dynamic and varied Hungarian dances. .

08. Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)

You say sobbing Aria, we say Puccini. This great Italian composer is one of the most performed operas of our time, including La Bohème, Tosca, Madame Butterfly, and Turandot, and the core of every song is absolutely heartbreaking music. In fact, his last opera, Turandot, contains the great tenor's aria "Nessundorma", making him one of the few 20th-century operas to gain a foothold in opera houses around the world. It's one. While working on his final work, Puccini said:

"God Almighty touched me with his pinky finger and said, 'Write for the play, remember only for the play.' "And I obeyed his highest orders."

09. Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943)

Rachmaninoff is now moving into the late-romantic period, the ideal turn-of-the-century type of grandiose melodies and virtuoso pianism, whose masterpiece was certainly his 1901 Piano Concerto 2. Its subsequent use in the movie Brief Encounter made it one of the most popular to date. A famous gentleman with big hands, Rachmaninoff could have spanned his 12 piano keys from little finger to thumb. His Piano Concerto No. 3 has long been a favorite in his concert halls and challenges the soloist (literally) to the limits of his abilities.

10. Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)

For many, Mahler represents the culmination of the astonishing transformation that Western classical music has undergone over his century. As a symphonic master, Mahler thought: it must encompass all. There's more to Mahler's symphonies: frenzied violence, deep sentimentality, existential boredom. With Symphony No. 2, the phrase 'size matters' has never been more appropriate, but Mahler wanted to emphasize life and death in all its terrifying glory. Its emotional range and melodic tension make him one of those classic repertoire pieces that not only audiences want to hear, but orchestras and conductors alike want to play. .

Of course, romantic music doesn't end with these ten composers of his. The 19th century produced a melting pot of musical expression, with composers such as Richard Strauss, Felix Mendelssohn, Sibelius, Berlioz, Schumann, Grieg, Dvořák and Debussy contributing productively. Click on the name to learn more about the composer and their music. 


readmore

"Fair is foul and foul is fair"

"Fair is foul and foul is fair" are the famous words Shakespeare said about the three witches in the opening scene of "Macbeth". Darkness, thunder and lightning, a desert location, and her three witches tell us in a few short lines in a strange, otherworldly rhythm what awaits us in this play. . And the bad ones are fair); The fog they produce obscures visibility and polluted air replaces the freshness and brightness of Scottish air.

shakespeare

At the end of the opening scene, the witch's creed confession is shown.

"Just is evil, and evil is just." Its application applies to both the physical and moral worlds. They turn everything upside down and indulge in all manner of mischief, from killing pigs to capturing and corrupting human souls. Macbeth is the victim of this calamity as his soul is eventually trapped and destroyed.

When Duncan arrives at Glamys Castle to stay the night with Macbeth he is entering a place made to resemble hell with Lady Macbeth's invocation of evil:

“…Come thick night;/ And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,/That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,/Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark …” As Duncan arrives at the castle gates he says:

“This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air/Nibly and sweetly recommends itself/Unto our gentle senses.” A member of his party says:

“… heaven's breath smells wooingly here.”

They are entering the gates of Hell, though, and that pleasant air is about to change to fog and filthy air. Murder awaits Duncan as Macbeth and Lady Macbeth plan their regicide. Later, after the murder, when Macduff comes to take Duncan hunting, the porter at the gate has a small comic scene in which he pretends to be the keeper of the gates of Hell before opening them to Macduff, who discovers a scene of evil and confusion.

A study of the main character in the play reveals him to be one of the most interesting and remarkably drawn of all Shakespeare's characters. Macbeth is slowly transformed from a thoroughly good man into pure evil, described by Macduff as a hell kite, and referred to as “bloody,” “butcher,” “tyrant,” etc. When we first meet him he is a huge celebrity, very popular all over the country and trusted by the king after proving his loyalty by putting down rebellions and killing rebels . Seduced by a witch, he conceives the idea of ​​becoming king, but Lady Macbeth assures him that it cannot be realized without killing the king. From that moment on we see a descent into pure evil as he presides over a reign of terror, seeing one of his killers actually brutally kill a child on stage. In contrast to the darkness, filthy air, and foggy imagery surrounding Macbeth, it just keeps falling until that image is overcome by the forces associated in the play with angels, heaven, and light. Be lazy, lazy people were once beautiful. After Macbeth's defeat at the hands of the decapitated Macduff, order is restored and the witches' hold over the country diminishes. A foul is now fair.

There are many quotes throughout the play that contrast good and evil, and this ties in with the "fair is foul" and "foul is fair" motifs. Some are included:

Let not light see my black and deep desires. (act 1, scene 4)

Look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it. (act 1, scene 5)

I go and it is done: the bell invites me.

Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell

That summons thee to heaven or to hell (act 2, scene 1)

There’s daggers in men’s smiles. (act 2, scene 3)

"Fair is foul and foul is fair" are the famous words Shakespeare- explain !

Green Land | January 20, 2023 | 0 comments

"Fair is foul and foul is fair"

"Fair is foul and foul is fair" are the famous words Shakespeare said about the three witches in the opening scene of "Macbeth". Darkness, thunder and lightning, a desert location, and her three witches tell us in a few short lines in a strange, otherworldly rhythm what awaits us in this play. . And the bad ones are fair); The fog they produce obscures visibility and polluted air replaces the freshness and brightness of Scottish air.

shakespeare

At the end of the opening scene, the witch's creed confession is shown.

"Just is evil, and evil is just." Its application applies to both the physical and moral worlds. They turn everything upside down and indulge in all manner of mischief, from killing pigs to capturing and corrupting human souls. Macbeth is the victim of this calamity as his soul is eventually trapped and destroyed.

When Duncan arrives at Glamys Castle to stay the night with Macbeth he is entering a place made to resemble hell with Lady Macbeth's invocation of evil:

“…Come thick night;/ And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,/That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,/Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark …” As Duncan arrives at the castle gates he says:

“This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air/Nibly and sweetly recommends itself/Unto our gentle senses.” A member of his party says:

“… heaven's breath smells wooingly here.”

They are entering the gates of Hell, though, and that pleasant air is about to change to fog and filthy air. Murder awaits Duncan as Macbeth and Lady Macbeth plan their regicide. Later, after the murder, when Macduff comes to take Duncan hunting, the porter at the gate has a small comic scene in which he pretends to be the keeper of the gates of Hell before opening them to Macduff, who discovers a scene of evil and confusion.

A study of the main character in the play reveals him to be one of the most interesting and remarkably drawn of all Shakespeare's characters. Macbeth is slowly transformed from a thoroughly good man into pure evil, described by Macduff as a hell kite, and referred to as “bloody,” “butcher,” “tyrant,” etc. When we first meet him he is a huge celebrity, very popular all over the country and trusted by the king after proving his loyalty by putting down rebellions and killing rebels . Seduced by a witch, he conceives the idea of ​​becoming king, but Lady Macbeth assures him that it cannot be realized without killing the king. From that moment on we see a descent into pure evil as he presides over a reign of terror, seeing one of his killers actually brutally kill a child on stage. In contrast to the darkness, filthy air, and foggy imagery surrounding Macbeth, it just keeps falling until that image is overcome by the forces associated in the play with angels, heaven, and light. Be lazy, lazy people were once beautiful. After Macbeth's defeat at the hands of the decapitated Macduff, order is restored and the witches' hold over the country diminishes. A foul is now fair.

There are many quotes throughout the play that contrast good and evil, and this ties in with the "fair is foul" and "foul is fair" motifs. Some are included:

Let not light see my black and deep desires. (act 1, scene 4)

Look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it. (act 1, scene 5)

I go and it is done: the bell invites me.

Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell

That summons thee to heaven or to hell (act 2, scene 1)

There’s daggers in men’s smiles. (act 2, scene 3)

readmore
 
Back To Top