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It is a figure in which something unpleasant or damaging is artfully hinted instead of being plainly stated. It is also known as Insinuation. 

In this figure more is meant than meets the ear or eye. An undercurrent of hostile feeling is generally responsible for the use of an innuendo. Etymologically it means an oblique hint. It generally points at something damaging to the character or reputation of a person or thing against whom or which it is applied. In it an imputation of an injurious nature is made very artfully but no direct charge is brought. Here 'the writer or speaker keeps his main purpose out of view, and leaves it to be inferred by those whom he addresses'. According to Fowler it means 'any injurious insinuation '. In the sentence 'As there isn't a servant, one doesn't have to lock things up, which is a blessing ' we get an instance of innuendo,  for here something damaging against the character of a person (i.e., a servant is thievish by nature) is hinted,  not directly stated.

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) A damaging remark is intended against a person or thing. 

(ii) It is not plainly stated but only suggested in an oblique way

(iii) A hostile feeling prompts the speaker or writer to make such hurting remarks. 

(iv) The way of the expression shows that the damage is indirectly done.

Examples:

a. I do not consult physicians for I hope to die without them.

b. The picture is splendid as the artist is an octogenarian. 


Innuendo Definition & examples -Literaturemini.com

Green Land | October 05, 2022 | 0 comments

It is a figure in which something unpleasant or damaging is artfully hinted instead of being plainly stated. It is also known as Insinuation. 

In this figure more is meant than meets the ear or eye. An undercurrent of hostile feeling is generally responsible for the use of an innuendo. Etymologically it means an oblique hint. It generally points at something damaging to the character or reputation of a person or thing against whom or which it is applied. In it an imputation of an injurious nature is made very artfully but no direct charge is brought. Here 'the writer or speaker keeps his main purpose out of view, and leaves it to be inferred by those whom he addresses'. According to Fowler it means 'any injurious insinuation '. In the sentence 'As there isn't a servant, one doesn't have to lock things up, which is a blessing ' we get an instance of innuendo,  for here something damaging against the character of a person (i.e., a servant is thievish by nature) is hinted,  not directly stated.

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) A damaging remark is intended against a person or thing. 

(ii) It is not plainly stated but only suggested in an oblique way

(iii) A hostile feeling prompts the speaker or writer to make such hurting remarks. 

(iv) The way of the expression shows that the damage is indirectly done.

Examples:

a. I do not consult physicians for I hope to die without them.

b. The picture is splendid as the artist is an octogenarian. 


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English speakers who speak it as a second language sometimes use the IELTS exam as proof of their proficiency. The British Council, Cambridge English Language Assessment, and IDP Education Australia all share management and ownership of IELTS. If you want to apply for a visa from government agencies in other countries, work for businesses, or attend college or university. The IELTS test can assist you in achieving your career, educational, or personal goals, whether they are in the UK, New Zealand, Australia, or Canada.

Value of the IELTS test:

The IELTS test is the same regardless of whether you're applying for a visa for job, study, or other purposes in terms of examiners, content, structure, difficulty level, and score. If you are not pleased with your test results, you may retake it as many times as you like. To deepen your understanding before retaking the test, set aside some time and perform some more research.Although test centers in many nations provide language lessons and preparation programs, you can also hunt for the same things online.The study aids that will enable you to brush up on your knowledge and provide instructions for successfully preparing for the test.

Admission to a college or institution requires the Academic IELTS test, whilst immigration and career-related goals call for the General Training IELTS. IELTS is significant, and taking the exam has advantages, as listed below:

IELTS's value in education

Don't forget that all colleges and institutions in the UK as well as many universities across the world accept IELTS exam results if studying abroad is something that interests you.

You should unquestionably take the Academic IELTS test if you intend to enroll in a postgraduate or even undergraduate degree program.

Courses that do not grant degrees accept the General Training IELTS exam. Find the college or university of your choice, then confirm which IELTS version is best for you.

You will need to demonstrate your proficiency in the English language and your ability to successfully complete a degree program in order to enroll as an international student in the future. Therefore, in order to apply for advanced degree programs like a Ph.D. or Masters in any field of your choice, you will need a strong IELTS score.

IELTS for job candidates

A significant step in obtaining a visa so that you can begin working abroad is demonstrating your language skills. One of the most important requirements for career success is the ability to speak another language, which is acknowledged as a valuable asset. You must demonstrate either "vocational" or "competent" English language proficiency if you're seeking for a work visa, so you'll need to be prepared for more than just simple conversational English.

Test requirements for employment in various nations vary.

Candidates must score at least 6.5 on each of the four test components—Writing, Speaking, Reading, and Listening—to be eligible for the UK.

An exam score of 5 is considered to be at the level of "vocational English" in Australia. A candidate is deemed to be a "competent English" speaker if they receive a band score of 6.

Those seeking work permits in New Zealand must get an overall IELTS Academic or General module score of at least 4 in order to be employed there. Additional evidence of your English language competency can be provided, such as information on the nations you have previously called home or your family's English language proficiency, among other things.

Candidates in Canada should clarify the IELTS score requirements directly with the companies they wish to apply to. Most managers and educational institutions adopt their own linguistic standards  IELTS  You should be aware that the minimum score requirements in each of the aforementioned nations may change depending on the occupation you want to pursue. Candidates must get a minimum score of 6 in each of the assessment modules for specific job categories, whereas a minimum score of 7 is required, for example, for educators.

for immigration, IELTS

IELTS testing is a component of the application procedure used by government agencies to seek citizenship or the right to permanent residency. They look at how well people can fit into society and the workforce and how strongly language proficiency relates to it. Immigration authorities rely on the IELTS test, which is essential in employing language assessment as a tool to control migration rates.

The Secure English Language Test (SELT), which is a component of the visa application process, has been approved by the UK government. The test is known as the "IELTS for UKVI" or "IELTS Life Skills" exam. This shows that a UK Visa and Immigration (UKVI) application can use IELTS to verify your English language proficiency. You are need to demonstrate your speaking and listening abilities on the IELTS Life Skills test. A pass or fail result will be given to you after the exam.

An IELTS Academic or General Training module band score of 6.5 is required for immigration to New Zealand. This is required in order to apply for a visa.

Although you must first meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks criteria, Canada accepts IELTS.

The Department of Immigration and Citizenship in Australia values both competent and vocational English.


Importance of IELTS

Green Land | October 03, 2022 | 0 comments

English speakers who speak it as a second language sometimes use the IELTS exam as proof of their proficiency. The British Council, Cambridge English Language Assessment, and IDP Education Australia all share management and ownership of IELTS. If you want to apply for a visa from government agencies in other countries, work for businesses, or attend college or university. The IELTS test can assist you in achieving your career, educational, or personal goals, whether they are in the UK, New Zealand, Australia, or Canada.

Value of the IELTS test:

The IELTS test is the same regardless of whether you're applying for a visa for job, study, or other purposes in terms of examiners, content, structure, difficulty level, and score. If you are not pleased with your test results, you may retake it as many times as you like. To deepen your understanding before retaking the test, set aside some time and perform some more research.Although test centers in many nations provide language lessons and preparation programs, you can also hunt for the same things online.The study aids that will enable you to brush up on your knowledge and provide instructions for successfully preparing for the test.

Admission to a college or institution requires the Academic IELTS test, whilst immigration and career-related goals call for the General Training IELTS. IELTS is significant, and taking the exam has advantages, as listed below:

IELTS's value in education

Don't forget that all colleges and institutions in the UK as well as many universities across the world accept IELTS exam results if studying abroad is something that interests you.

You should unquestionably take the Academic IELTS test if you intend to enroll in a postgraduate or even undergraduate degree program.

Courses that do not grant degrees accept the General Training IELTS exam. Find the college or university of your choice, then confirm which IELTS version is best for you.

You will need to demonstrate your proficiency in the English language and your ability to successfully complete a degree program in order to enroll as an international student in the future. Therefore, in order to apply for advanced degree programs like a Ph.D. or Masters in any field of your choice, you will need a strong IELTS score.

IELTS for job candidates

A significant step in obtaining a visa so that you can begin working abroad is demonstrating your language skills. One of the most important requirements for career success is the ability to speak another language, which is acknowledged as a valuable asset. You must demonstrate either "vocational" or "competent" English language proficiency if you're seeking for a work visa, so you'll need to be prepared for more than just simple conversational English.

Test requirements for employment in various nations vary.

Candidates must score at least 6.5 on each of the four test components—Writing, Speaking, Reading, and Listening—to be eligible for the UK.

An exam score of 5 is considered to be at the level of "vocational English" in Australia. A candidate is deemed to be a "competent English" speaker if they receive a band score of 6.

Those seeking work permits in New Zealand must get an overall IELTS Academic or General module score of at least 4 in order to be employed there. Additional evidence of your English language competency can be provided, such as information on the nations you have previously called home or your family's English language proficiency, among other things.

Candidates in Canada should clarify the IELTS score requirements directly with the companies they wish to apply to. Most managers and educational institutions adopt their own linguistic standards  IELTS  You should be aware that the minimum score requirements in each of the aforementioned nations may change depending on the occupation you want to pursue. Candidates must get a minimum score of 6 in each of the assessment modules for specific job categories, whereas a minimum score of 7 is required, for example, for educators.

for immigration, IELTS

IELTS testing is a component of the application procedure used by government agencies to seek citizenship or the right to permanent residency. They look at how well people can fit into society and the workforce and how strongly language proficiency relates to it. Immigration authorities rely on the IELTS test, which is essential in employing language assessment as a tool to control migration rates.

The Secure English Language Test (SELT), which is a component of the visa application process, has been approved by the UK government. The test is known as the "IELTS for UKVI" or "IELTS Life Skills" exam. This shows that a UK Visa and Immigration (UKVI) application can use IELTS to verify your English language proficiency. You are need to demonstrate your speaking and listening abilities on the IELTS Life Skills test. A pass or fail result will be given to you after the exam.

An IELTS Academic or General Training module band score of 6.5 is required for immigration to New Zealand. This is required in order to apply for a visa.

Although you must first meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks criteria, Canada accepts IELTS.

The Department of Immigration and Citizenship in Australia values both competent and vocational English.


readmore

In the past year, more than three million people have taken the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), which is the most widely used high-stakes English language competency test for study, work, and immigration.

More than 10,000 organizations, including educational institutions, employers, professional associations, and governments, recognize the IELTS results in 140 different nations.

In order to maintain the test's fairness and objectivity for all candidates, regardless of their nationality, background, gender, lifestyle, or location, the IELTS test's material is prepared by a global team of specialists and goes through significant study.

IELTS Academic or IELTS General Training can be taken, depending on the organization you are applying to and your future goals. You must take the IELTS test known as IELTS for UKVI, which has been authorized by the UK Visa and Immigration office, if you intend to study or relocate to the UK.

IELTS exam format

IELTS evaluates a candidate's proficiency in all four language skills: speaking, reading, and writing. You will take the Listening, Reading, and Writing tests consecutively, one after the other, on the test dates and venues. Depending on your test center, your Speaking test could take place up to seven days before or after the other three tests or on the same day. Less than three hours are allotted for the test.

IELTS exam dates

Four times per month and 48 times a year, IELTS test dates are offered in Bangladesh. The availability of the same, however, may vary depending on the test type and module you have selected—academic or general training.

Why is the IELTS test structure more equitable for test-takers?

You should have a fair chance to try your hardest. IELTS provides you with a quiet environment for an individual Speaking examination without any interruptions or distractions, unlike other exams.

IELTS also acknowledges that many methods of answering questions exist. You can choose the sequence in which you respond to questions on the Reading and Writing sections of the IELTS examination, for instance. During the hour of the Reading test, you can modify your answers, and during the hour of the Writing test, you can modify your answers.

IELTS selection factor

Thousands of the most prestigious universities and colleges in the world will recognize your IELTS scores as proof of your English language competency; it is the test for studying.

It is the test for professionals; professional registration organizations in many areas, including accounting, engineering, law, medical, nursing, pharmacy, and teaching organizations in many nations, will accept an IELTS score. In order to become professionally registered in an English-speaking nation after completing your studies, you might need to take the test. If you decide to take the IELTS test for professional registration rather than for admission to a university, you will be accustomed to the IELTS test format.

Governments in more nations than any other English language test mandate IELTS results as a requirement for permanent residency, making it the test for migration. The UK, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand's governments all recognize IELTS results.

It's the test that's more fair to you because IELTS is the only high-stakes English language exam in which your speaking test is conducted one-on-one with an examiner in a quiet room without interruptions from other test-takers.

There are no distractions, computers, or technical issues.


What is IELTS?

Green Land | September 30, 2022 | 1comments

In the past year, more than three million people have taken the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), which is the most widely used high-stakes English language competency test for study, work, and immigration.

More than 10,000 organizations, including educational institutions, employers, professional associations, and governments, recognize the IELTS results in 140 different nations.

In order to maintain the test's fairness and objectivity for all candidates, regardless of their nationality, background, gender, lifestyle, or location, the IELTS test's material is prepared by a global team of specialists and goes through significant study.

IELTS Academic or IELTS General Training can be taken, depending on the organization you are applying to and your future goals. You must take the IELTS test known as IELTS for UKVI, which has been authorized by the UK Visa and Immigration office, if you intend to study or relocate to the UK.

IELTS exam format

IELTS evaluates a candidate's proficiency in all four language skills: speaking, reading, and writing. You will take the Listening, Reading, and Writing tests consecutively, one after the other, on the test dates and venues. Depending on your test center, your Speaking test could take place up to seven days before or after the other three tests or on the same day. Less than three hours are allotted for the test.

IELTS exam dates

Four times per month and 48 times a year, IELTS test dates are offered in Bangladesh. The availability of the same, however, may vary depending on the test type and module you have selected—academic or general training.

Why is the IELTS test structure more equitable for test-takers?

You should have a fair chance to try your hardest. IELTS provides you with a quiet environment for an individual Speaking examination without any interruptions or distractions, unlike other exams.

IELTS also acknowledges that many methods of answering questions exist. You can choose the sequence in which you respond to questions on the Reading and Writing sections of the IELTS examination, for instance. During the hour of the Reading test, you can modify your answers, and during the hour of the Writing test, you can modify your answers.

IELTS selection factor

Thousands of the most prestigious universities and colleges in the world will recognize your IELTS scores as proof of your English language competency; it is the test for studying.

It is the test for professionals; professional registration organizations in many areas, including accounting, engineering, law, medical, nursing, pharmacy, and teaching organizations in many nations, will accept an IELTS score. In order to become professionally registered in an English-speaking nation after completing your studies, you might need to take the test. If you decide to take the IELTS test for professional registration rather than for admission to a university, you will be accustomed to the IELTS test format.

Governments in more nations than any other English language test mandate IELTS results as a requirement for permanent residency, making it the test for migration. The UK, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand's governments all recognize IELTS results.

It's the test that's more fair to you because IELTS is the only high-stakes English language exam in which your speaking test is conducted one-on-one with an examiner in a quiet room without interruptions from other test-takers.

There are no distractions, computers, or technical issues.


readmore

It is a figure in which something is stated in a roundabout way instead of being expressed in a direct and brief manner. It is also known as Circumlocution. 

'Trite and commonplace periphrasis', Martin cautions,  'must be shunned at all costs,  such as 'the nuptial tie ' for marriage,  'the lords of creation ' for mankind,  'the weaker vessel ' for womankind, etc.'

Periphrasis consists in a roundabout way of speaking or writing. Its users employ many or very long words where a few or simple words will do. It may be used for shoe of pedantry : Her olfactory system was suffering from a temporary inconvenience (i.e., her nose was blocked).It may be used to avoid low, technical,  or commonplace terms in order to make the speech more elegant :

'The finny tribe' for fish,  'the bleating kind' for sheep, 'the penultimate month' for November. Again,  it may be used for achieving greater poetic effect: 'The moving isles of winter' for icebergs, 'the jewel of the head' for the eye.

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) Some fact or idea is expressed in a roundabout way

(ii) This is frequently done for avoiding the commonplace or for achieving poetic effect. 

Examples:

a.

The cup that cheers but not inebriates

b.

The viewless couriers of the air (i.e.,winds) (Shakespeare) 

c.

Sleep the sleep that knows no breaking (i.e.,death)  (scott)


Periphrasis Definition & examples -Literaturemini.com

Green Land | September 30, 2022 | 0 comments

It is a figure in which something is stated in a roundabout way instead of being expressed in a direct and brief manner. It is also known as Circumlocution. 

'Trite and commonplace periphrasis', Martin cautions,  'must be shunned at all costs,  such as 'the nuptial tie ' for marriage,  'the lords of creation ' for mankind,  'the weaker vessel ' for womankind, etc.'

Periphrasis consists in a roundabout way of speaking or writing. Its users employ many or very long words where a few or simple words will do. It may be used for shoe of pedantry : Her olfactory system was suffering from a temporary inconvenience (i.e., her nose was blocked).It may be used to avoid low, technical,  or commonplace terms in order to make the speech more elegant :

'The finny tribe' for fish,  'the bleating kind' for sheep, 'the penultimate month' for November. Again,  it may be used for achieving greater poetic effect: 'The moving isles of winter' for icebergs, 'the jewel of the head' for the eye.

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) Some fact or idea is expressed in a roundabout way

(ii) This is frequently done for avoiding the commonplace or for achieving poetic effect. 

Examples:

a.

The cup that cheers but not inebriates

b.

The viewless couriers of the air (i.e.,winds) (Shakespeare) 

c.

Sleep the sleep that knows no breaking (i.e.,death)  (scott)


readmore

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) results are necessary for admission to UG and PG programs overseas as well as for obtaining permanent residency in English-speaking nations. A scale from 1 to 9 is used to determine IELTS scores. IELTS, or the International English Language Testing System, is a well-known exam used by applicants to gain admission to higher education institutions in important English-speaking nations like the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and many others. Candidates who wish to work or gain PR in a nation where English is spoken are additionally tested for their English language competence.

IELTS Band Scores

IELTS band scores must be understood before one can determine their IELTS good score. Scores for the IELTS exam range from 0 to 9. Organizations all over the world rely on IELTS scores. Your English proficiency is measured by the IELTS bands you earn. It demonstrates your level of proficiency in English speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Therefore, you are considered a good user if your score is 7 or higher. You are an exceptional user if you got an 8. Additionally, if you received a 6 you are a proficient user.

According to the British Council, a 9 on the exam indicates that you are a "expert" in English; an 8 indicates that you are "very good," and so on.

IELTS scores typically fall between the ranges of 1 and 9 ("non-user" to "expert"), although there is also a 0 score for "did not attempt." A score that ends in.5 is also possible; examples include 6.5, 7.5, and 8.5. A band score falls within this range for each of the four IELTS skills (Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking). Additionally, you receive an overall band score for the entire test. This "composite" result, which is the average of each of your IELTS scores, is intended to reflect your overall proficiency in English.

IELTS scores: How are they determined?

On a scale from 0 to 9, IELTS scores range. By averaging the results of all the sections, the IELTS overall band score is determined. Each section's grade is given equal weight. Rounding to the nearest tens determines the final IELTS score. When a candidate receives a score of 6.4, it is rounded to 6, and when a candidate receives a score of 6.5, it is rounded to 7. A candidate is a very good user of the language if they receive a score of 8, whereas a candidate with a score of 4 is a limited user of the language and may have trouble comprehending and using it.

International IELTS scores are accepted by organizations and institutions from English-speaking nations. For the type of visa they need to relocate overseas, those taking the IELTS for immigration should be aware of what a good IELTS score is. A strong IELTS score is determined in large part by one's goals, including immigration, employment, and academic study.A student visa may be obtained for an international student with a score that is acceptable to the college, university, or institute.

Scores for various sections

A maximum score of 40 can be obtained in each of the sections' 40 questions for reading and listening. The IELTS administrator converts the raw marks awarded—which are raw scores—into the band score. However, there are different band descriptions for the Speaking and Writing parts of the IELTS exam. The combined score from these two areas will represent the overall grade for these descriptions.

For the Writing component, the band descriptions are task accomplishment, coherence and cohesion, lexical resource, grammatical range, and accuracy. The band descriptions for the Speaking portion include pronunciation, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy, and fluency and coherence.

Decent IELTS scores

To be admitted to the foreign university of your choice, you must have a strong IELTS academic score. Presently, each nation has its own IELTS Cut Off. IELTS scores of 7 or higher are accepted by major American universities like Harvard and Stanford.The same is true in the UK, where schools like Oxford and Cambridge demand 7.5 or higher. To be accepted into the best institutions at universities in Canada and Australia, you must have an IELTS score of 6.5 or 7.


What is good score for IELTS ?

Green Land | September 29, 2022 | 0 comments

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) results are necessary for admission to UG and PG programs overseas as well as for obtaining permanent residency in English-speaking nations. A scale from 1 to 9 is used to determine IELTS scores. IELTS, or the International English Language Testing System, is a well-known exam used by applicants to gain admission to higher education institutions in important English-speaking nations like the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and many others. Candidates who wish to work or gain PR in a nation where English is spoken are additionally tested for their English language competence.

IELTS Band Scores

IELTS band scores must be understood before one can determine their IELTS good score. Scores for the IELTS exam range from 0 to 9. Organizations all over the world rely on IELTS scores. Your English proficiency is measured by the IELTS bands you earn. It demonstrates your level of proficiency in English speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Therefore, you are considered a good user if your score is 7 or higher. You are an exceptional user if you got an 8. Additionally, if you received a 6 you are a proficient user.

According to the British Council, a 9 on the exam indicates that you are a "expert" in English; an 8 indicates that you are "very good," and so on.

IELTS scores typically fall between the ranges of 1 and 9 ("non-user" to "expert"), although there is also a 0 score for "did not attempt." A score that ends in.5 is also possible; examples include 6.5, 7.5, and 8.5. A band score falls within this range for each of the four IELTS skills (Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking). Additionally, you receive an overall band score for the entire test. This "composite" result, which is the average of each of your IELTS scores, is intended to reflect your overall proficiency in English.

IELTS scores: How are they determined?

On a scale from 0 to 9, IELTS scores range. By averaging the results of all the sections, the IELTS overall band score is determined. Each section's grade is given equal weight. Rounding to the nearest tens determines the final IELTS score. When a candidate receives a score of 6.4, it is rounded to 6, and when a candidate receives a score of 6.5, it is rounded to 7. A candidate is a very good user of the language if they receive a score of 8, whereas a candidate with a score of 4 is a limited user of the language and may have trouble comprehending and using it.

International IELTS scores are accepted by organizations and institutions from English-speaking nations. For the type of visa they need to relocate overseas, those taking the IELTS for immigration should be aware of what a good IELTS score is. A strong IELTS score is determined in large part by one's goals, including immigration, employment, and academic study.A student visa may be obtained for an international student with a score that is acceptable to the college, university, or institute.

Scores for various sections

A maximum score of 40 can be obtained in each of the sections' 40 questions for reading and listening. The IELTS administrator converts the raw marks awarded—which are raw scores—into the band score. However, there are different band descriptions for the Speaking and Writing parts of the IELTS exam. The combined score from these two areas will represent the overall grade for these descriptions.

For the Writing component, the band descriptions are task accomplishment, coherence and cohesion, lexical resource, grammatical range, and accuracy. The band descriptions for the Speaking portion include pronunciation, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy, and fluency and coherence.

Decent IELTS scores

To be admitted to the foreign university of your choice, you must have a strong IELTS academic score. Presently, each nation has its own IELTS Cut Off. IELTS scores of 7 or higher are accepted by major American universities like Harvard and Stanford.The same is true in the UK, where schools like Oxford and Cambridge demand 7.5 or higher. To be accepted into the best institutions at universities in Canada and Australia, you must have an IELTS score of 6.5 or 7.


readmore

It is a figure in which something offensive or harsh is stated in an agreeable or pleasant way.

It is, according to Scott,  'the substitution of a less distasteful word or phrase for a more truthful but more offensive one'.

The main purpose of this figure is to soften a harsh or blunt expression. Euphemism consists in ' the use of an indirect form of speech instead of a bold, abrupt statement of an unpleasant truth'. It is always prompted by a kindly feeling. Sometimes courtesy demands its use when the direct mention of a thing might increase the grief of a person or hurt his soft feeling. Sometimes it is prompted by a sense of decorum since the direct mention of a thing might cross the limits of propriety and decency.  The sentence 'He perished on the scaffold ' is an example of euphemism,  for here a harsh fact (i.e., he was hanged) has been softened down. it is to be noted that sometimes a single word, but usually a roundabout expression, effects this figure. 

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) A harsh or blunt thing is expressed in a pleasant or mild manner.

(ii) It is done in an indirect or roundabout way.

(iii) Its purpose is to share one's feelings,  not to hurt them.

Examples:

(a) He is short in his accounts 

(b) The bank has stopped payment

(c) He has fallen asleep (i.e.,died)

(d) He that's coming must be provided for (i.e.,..killed)

Euphemism Definition & examples -Literaturemini.com

Green Land | September 28, 2022 | 1comments

It is a figure in which something offensive or harsh is stated in an agreeable or pleasant way.

It is, according to Scott,  'the substitution of a less distasteful word or phrase for a more truthful but more offensive one'.

The main purpose of this figure is to soften a harsh or blunt expression. Euphemism consists in ' the use of an indirect form of speech instead of a bold, abrupt statement of an unpleasant truth'. It is always prompted by a kindly feeling. Sometimes courtesy demands its use when the direct mention of a thing might increase the grief of a person or hurt his soft feeling. Sometimes it is prompted by a sense of decorum since the direct mention of a thing might cross the limits of propriety and decency.  The sentence 'He perished on the scaffold ' is an example of euphemism,  for here a harsh fact (i.e., he was hanged) has been softened down. it is to be noted that sometimes a single word, but usually a roundabout expression, effects this figure. 

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) A harsh or blunt thing is expressed in a pleasant or mild manner.

(ii) It is done in an indirect or roundabout way.

(iii) Its purpose is to share one's feelings,  not to hurt them.

Examples:

(a) He is short in his accounts 

(b) The bank has stopped payment

(c) He has fallen asleep (i.e.,died)

(d) He that's coming must be provided for (i.e.,..killed)

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It is a figure in which an understatement is deliberately made to heighten the effect of something. 

It is sometimes identified with Litotes. It is the opposite Hyperbole. 

It is a figure which contains an understatement for emphasis. Often used ironically, it is also employed for dramatic effect. It 'deliberately represents something as much less in magnitude or importance than it really is'. In this figure understatement is used not to deceive but to enhance the impression on the hearer. In the sentence 'I have a little bad news to give ; Mahatma Gandhi is dead' we get an example of meiosis, for here through an understatement (i.e.,'a little bad') something of great important (i.e., very bad) is represented. 

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) A deliberate understatement about something is made.

(ii) It is done not for lowering but for heightening the effect of the thing.

Examples:

(i) She was rather beautiful 

(ii) That was some (i.e., great) opera

(iii) I will teach you somewhat (i.e.,much)

(iv) I cannot move now, for I am a little (i.e..,very much) tired

Meiosis Definition & examples -Literaturemini.com

Green Land | September 28, 2022 | 0 comments

It is a figure in which an understatement is deliberately made to heighten the effect of something. 

It is sometimes identified with Litotes. It is the opposite Hyperbole. 

It is a figure which contains an understatement for emphasis. Often used ironically, it is also employed for dramatic effect. It 'deliberately represents something as much less in magnitude or importance than it really is'. In this figure understatement is used not to deceive but to enhance the impression on the hearer. In the sentence 'I have a little bad news to give ; Mahatma Gandhi is dead' we get an example of meiosis, for here through an understatement (i.e.,'a little bad') something of great important (i.e., very bad) is represented. 

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) A deliberate understatement about something is made.

(ii) It is done not for lowering but for heightening the effect of the thing.

Examples:

(i) She was rather beautiful 

(ii) That was some (i.e., great) opera

(iii) I will teach you somewhat (i.e.,much)

(iv) I cannot move now, for I am a little (i.e..,very much) tired

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It is a figure in which the very opposite of what is stated is intended.

Prof. Bain defines it thus : 'Irony consists in stating the contrary of what is meant, there being something in the tone or the manner to show the speaker's real drift'.

In this figure what is intended is the very opposite of the literal meaning of the words used to hurt someone or something. Here we say one thing when we mean another. In this figure ridicule is disguised as praise or compliment. Here words outwardly imply commendation but their sneering accent leaves us in no doubt that their intended meaning is really something disparaging. It is a strong and effective instrument of attack and, like innuendo,  it,  too,  seeks to hurt the character or reputation of a person or thing in an indirect way. Thus, when Robin Hood ways, 'Oh, that's a princely speech ' his sneering tone indicates that he does not mean what he states, i.e., he actually means the speech to be most cowardly. 

About irony Nesfield rightly says :  ' This figure consists in making damaging remarks about some person or thing,  in words,  which,  if  they were taken literally,  would imply commendation. It is expected, however,  that their intended meaning will be understood from the sneering accent or manner of the speaker. 

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) Something is said but its contrary is meant

(ii) Apparently it implies commendation but really it wants to hurt.

(iii) This hurting is done in an indirect way and can be known from the very sneering mode of utterance of the words.

Examples :

1.

And Brutus is an honourable man (Shakespeare) 

2.

No doubt ye are the people,  and wisdom will die with you.

3.

I thank (i.e., blame) thee, Jew, for teaching me that word (Shakespeare) 

Irony Definition & examples -Literaturemini.com

Green Land | September 28, 2022 | 0 comments

It is a figure in which the very opposite of what is stated is intended.

Prof. Bain defines it thus : 'Irony consists in stating the contrary of what is meant, there being something in the tone or the manner to show the speaker's real drift'.

In this figure what is intended is the very opposite of the literal meaning of the words used to hurt someone or something. Here we say one thing when we mean another. In this figure ridicule is disguised as praise or compliment. Here words outwardly imply commendation but their sneering accent leaves us in no doubt that their intended meaning is really something disparaging. It is a strong and effective instrument of attack and, like innuendo,  it,  too,  seeks to hurt the character or reputation of a person or thing in an indirect way. Thus, when Robin Hood ways, 'Oh, that's a princely speech ' his sneering tone indicates that he does not mean what he states, i.e., he actually means the speech to be most cowardly. 

About irony Nesfield rightly says :  ' This figure consists in making damaging remarks about some person or thing,  in words,  which,  if  they were taken literally,  would imply commendation. It is expected, however,  that their intended meaning will be understood from the sneering accent or manner of the speaker. 

The chief characteristics of this figure are given below:

(i) Something is said but its contrary is meant

(ii) Apparently it implies commendation but really it wants to hurt.

(iii) This hurting is done in an indirect way and can be known from the very sneering mode of utterance of the words.

Examples :

1.

And Brutus is an honourable man (Shakespeare) 

2.

No doubt ye are the people,  and wisdom will die with you.

3.

I thank (i.e., blame) thee, Jew, for teaching me that word (Shakespeare) 

readmore
 
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