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Calpurnia wife of Julius Caesar

Calpurnia was the third or fourth wife of Julius Caesar and the wife he was married to at the time of his assassination. According to contemporary sources, she was a good and faithful wife, despite her husband's infidelity. And she was warned of an attempt on his life, so it's over. born c. 76 BC Calpurnia was the daughter of consul Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus in 58 BC. Her half-brother was Lucius Her Calpurnius Piso, who died in 15 BC. Chr. should be consul.

Calpurnia married Julius Caesar in late 59 BC. during his consulate. She is about 17 years old, presumably younger than her stepdaughter Julia. It was around this time that Julia Gnaeus married Pompeius Magnus, a former protégé of Sulla who died in 70 BC. Consul and recently became one of Caesar's closest political allies.

Before getting married, Caesar was married two or three times. As a child, Caesar was betrothed to Costia, daughter of the wealthy Eques, but it is not known if they were legally married. According to Suetonius, when he was 16, he started flamen his Diaris had to break off the engagement when appointed to The Flamendias is a high-ranking priest whose owner had to be married by a confaleatio, an ancient solemn form of marriage open only to nobles. .

Caesar then married Cornelia, a noblewoman and daughter of Lucius Cornelius Cinna, the most powerful person in Rome at the time. Their marriage was by all accounts a happy one, and the product of their union was Caesar's only legitimate child, Juliet. After Cinna's downfall and death, and the ruin of his faction, the dictator Sulla ordered Caesar to divorce his rival's daughter. Cornelia died in 69 or 68 BC. when her husband was preparing to leave for Spain.

On his return, Caesar married Sulla's granddaughter, Pompeia. Their marriage ended in scandal. Caesar was elected his Maximus of Pontifex in 63 BC and received the Sacra Street house as his official residence. Here in the winter of 62, the sacred ceremony of Bonadea was celebrated, from which all men were excluded. However, an ambitious young nobleman named Publius Claudius Pulcher entered the house disguised as a woman, ostensibly to seduce Pompey. The subsequent discovery shocked the Roman nobility and spread rumors of Pompey's allegiance. Caesar felt he had no choice but to divorce Pompeia. Not because he personally believed the rumors, but because Pontifex Maximus' wife had to be above suspicion.

Include his two allies in the first triumvirate. and he was intimate with Servilia for some time, an open secret in Rome. Caesar was rumored to be the father of Servilia's son Marcus Junius Brutus, but this is unlikely for chronological reasons, and Servilia would interest Caesar's daughter, Junior Tertia. There were rumors that it was. Caesar also entertained his relations with Eunoe, Queen of Mauritania, especially with Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra claimed to be the father of her son Ptolemy XV, known as her "Caesarion". No children were born from the marriage of Calpurnia and Caesar.

According to Roman historians, Caesar's assassination was foretold by a series of evil omens and Halspex Spurinna of Etruria, who announced him in or before the Ides of March 44 BC. Chr. warned of personal danger. The night before the assassination, Calpurnia had a dream that Caesar was wounded and dying in his arms. In the morning she begged him not to meet the Senate as planned, and moved by her anguish and pleas, he decided not to go. Decimus Junius Brutus, who appointed Praetor Peregrinus and secretly one of his conspirators against him, came to the house and persuaded Caesar to ignore the omens and go to the Senate.

calpurnia wife of julius caesar


widow:

After her husband was murdered, she left home in mourning for her, taking several women and slaves with her. Calpurnia gave one of Caesar's most trusted allies, consul Mark Antony, who was not involved in the conspiracy, all of Caesar's personal papers, including his will and notes, to his most Passed along with valuable possessions.

Calpurnia is particularly lacking in Octavian's propaganda, which historians consider somewhat mystical. The only later testimony to her is an inscription by a liberated woman named Ansis who stated that "she was the wife of Caesar the Great God", dating her age to at least 42 BC. increase. Set when Caesar is deified.

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