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Surrealism (from  Superrealism)  was launched as a concerned movement in France by Andre Breton's Manifesto on Surrealism, 1924. The expressed aim wasa revolution Against all restraints included the logical reason, standard morality, social and artistic conventions,  and the control of artistic creation by forethought and intention. To ensure the unhampered operation of the deep mind, which they regarded as the only source of valid knowledge and art the surrealists turned to 'automatic writing'    (writing delivered over entirely to the prompting the unconscious mind),  and to exploiting the material of dreams, of states of mind between sleep and waking, and of natural or artificially induced hallucinations.

Surrealism is a revolutionary movement in painting,  sculpture,  and in other arts,  as in literature. It is often united briefly with one or another revolutionary political and social movement, and it is found to spread rapidly over both  Europe and America. It is more important, however,in its general influence than in the work of the  relatively small group of its professed adherents such as Andre Breton, Louis Aragon and the painter Salvador Dali. The influence, direct or indirect, of surrealist innovation can be found in many modern writers in prose and verse. They have broken the conventional modes of an artistic organisation to experiment with free association, violated syntax, non-logical and chronological order, dreamlike and nightmarish sequences and juxtaposition of bizarre, shocking or seemingly unrelated matters or thoughts. In England and America such effects can be found in a wider range of writings, from the poetry of Dylan Thomas to the flight of fantasy, hallucinatory writing, startling in consequences.                                                                    


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