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Shakespeare' the Merchant of Venice is one among his most famous dramas. However, while most of them are often classified as either tragedy or comedy easily, this one doesn't slot in one category. the rationale is that while there are comic events and elements within the drama, there are tragic ones too that sometimes reach the extent of absolutely horrifying. At the core of the drama are three things. the primary is that the friendship between Antonio and Bassanio, the second is that the romance between Bassanio and Portia and therefore the third but the foremost important is that the bond between Antonio and Shylock. Shylock may be a greedy moneylender and a sophisticated villain. He shows mixed character traits and that is why at some points while he appears a nasty villain, at others he's plainly a business man who amuses by his talk and quotes. Still, if the drama gets so dark and tragic at points then it's due to his cunning and villainous attitude.
The Merchant of Venice: Tragedy or Comedy

The romance between Bassanio and Portia are the comic parts of the drama and therefore the bond between Antonio and Shylock the tragic part. Bassanio may be a poor noble man who loves Portia and wishes money to ascertain her. However, he doesn't have enough money and Antonio's ships are out at the ocean . thanks to this reason Antonio is forced to hunt financial assistance from Shylock who lends at the condition that if Antonio fails he will need to forsake a pound of flesh from anywhere Shylock wills. The deadly bond is struck and provides rise to a series of tragic events. While Bassanio is gone to ascertain Portia, Antonio's ships get caught during a storm and don't return.

He is unable to pay the cruel Jew back and thus is forced to fulfil the bond as cruel Shylock wants. Antonio writes to Bassanio and if he has forgotten his friend. He writes that he has did not pay the Jew and can lose one pound of flesh as per the contract. Why Shylock is bent at killing Antonio is because he has offended the Jew within the past calling him a miser and greedy person. The Jews weren't treated with respect in Venice which made Shylock strike this plan of revenge. Antonio who wont to be a proud business man is forced to bend before Shylock's will. things is tragic not only for Antonio and Bassanio except for Portia too. Antonio has not been ready to pay his loan and can need to let the Jew have his rightful share per the contract. Bassanio is unhappy because he believes he's the explanation for all this. Portia is gloomy because she cannot see Bassanio unhappy.

However, tragedy rises to some extent then comic things happen within the drama. Portia may be a witty girl who finds how to defeat Shylock. The contract mentions that he can have a pound of flesh but not a pint of blood from Antonio's body. Shylock loses his case within the court and he's punished for plotting against an innocent Christian. He loses all his wealth and property to his daughter and Antonio. Even his daughter leaves him to marry a Christian. eventually everyone except Shylock is left feeling happy. Shylock is left during a poor situation due to his evil plot to urge revenge from Antonio. His evil plan leads to nothing but insult and misery for the Jew.

Shakespeare has balanced comedy with tragedy within the drama. He has used both the weather in it to form it interesting and have a long-lasting flavour. The cunning heart of the Jew, the innocence of Antonio, the love and romance of Portia all make the drama engaging and interesting. So, to classify it as either a tragedy or comedy would be wrong. Shakespeare's art has however, created an excellent balance between the 2 which has seen tons of appreciation since the time it had been written. Even within the character of Shylock one can find both of the weather and while his contract ad attitude towards the poor Christian businessman are horrible, at several points he's quite hilarious together with his amusing style and talk.

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