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Monday, 30 December 2019

Othello as a domestic tragedy

Before going to answer of the question, we should know the definition of a domestic tragedy. A domestic tragedy is a kind of tragedy which deals with the private life of ordinary people. Such kind of tragedies were very popular in the days of Shakespeare. These tragedies were presented on the stage with groat effect. Othello is a fine domestic tragedy. This tragedy deals with the personal life of Othello and Desdemona.
Othello

Some critics have regarded Othello as a domestic tragedy because it deals with the domestic life of Othello and Desdemona and shows how it fell into ruin by the plot of a villain, lago. logo through his plot makes Othello jealous of Cassio and suspicious of Desdemona. He starts to doubt his innocent wife of having immortal relations with Cassio. He suffers hellish tortures and inspired by lago, he ultimately destroys first Desdemona and then himself. The is the plot of the tragedy, Othello. Moreover, it is a drama of contemporary life having for its background a historical event of recent occurrence. So it has the similarity of the plot of a domestic tragedy and critics have called the play a domestic drama.But the similarity is superficial. It must be remembered that Othello is not a private individual. He is descended from royal family. He is a soldier and military general of great ability and renown. He is considered indispensable for the defence of Cyprus and is appointed as the Governor of Cyprus by the Duke of Venice.Thus he is a man of importance occupying a remarkable place in the life and affairs of the state of Venice. In no way he can be regard as a private individual-like the hero of a domestic tragedy.Othello is not a common individual. He is a man of exceptional nature. His qualities of head and heart raise him head and shoulders above the common run of mankind. He is noble and daring. He has had a romantic career and travelled to distant lands. He comes of a royal family. By his tales of travel he is able to win over the heart of Desdemona. He is frank, honest and confiding. When such an exceptional individual falls, his fall produces the pity and fear proper to the true tragedy.

Thus in a domestic tragedy, the action of the drama moves on a common everyday level. The characters are near to us and so is the action. All this cannot be said of Othello. Its action does not take place in familiar England, but we are transported to romantic Venice and remote Cyprus. Othello is not the type of domestic drama which appeals only to our sense of pathos and satire but it arouses in us the true emotions of pity and fear. It is not the private life of married people that affects the fate and fortune of true lovers turned tragic by the forces of evil embodied in lago.

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