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Home » » What are different ways of teaching grammar?

Grammar can be taught deductively and inductively. However, the strategies and classroom procedures should be within the goals of communicative approaches. Depending on the level and the need of language learners, teachers can follow many ways to teach grammar.

First, teachers can use visual aids to make the grammar lesson More interesting and comprehensible. For example, grammar items can be presented through tables and charts using images and symbols. For example, prepositions can be taught using images. Learners can visualize the meanings this way. Moreover, students can be engaged in discussion on grammar items, such as verb tenses and adverbials that are presented through charts and diagrams. 

Second, teachers can use ‘realia’ to make grammar teaching fun and interesting. They can bring different objects to the class and use those to explain grammar rules. Past tenses can be taught using objects that teachers use to explain present, past, and future times. For. example, the teacher can show a handbag that she bought in the past, and can explain how she uses the bag in the present, and what her future plan for the bag is. In this way, students will not only learn how to express different times through tenses but also acquire the correct structures to express time. 

Next, teachers can use drawings to explain grammatical forms. _ Stick figures are very useful and easy drawings that can be used to explain progressive tenses. Also, other simple drawings can be used to teach parts of speech and prepositions. Finally, students can be engaged in discussions, dialogues, and reading to practice the grammar forms. They can analyze and discuss the forms and practice those in their conversation with each other. This develops learners’ awareness of the grammar rules. Grammar can be taught following the above strategies, or _ teachers can develop their own techniques to teach grammar. However, teachers have to keep in mind that grammar should be taught in a context to serve the communicative goal. The strategies also should be based on learners’ expectations and learning objectives.


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