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Indian writing - one of the foremost antiquated writing has been commendable for the rest of the world. The term alludes to the scholarly work that had been created in different Indian dialects, for ages. In old times, scholarly work was utilized to be conferred orally. The primary ever old Indian writing was Sanskrit writing comprising Fix Veda, the Ramayana, and Mahabharata, composed to begin millennium BCE. At that point created, Kannada and Telugu Writing within the medieval period. They were taken after by Marathi, Bengali, and Urdu writing. Among the Indian scholarly workforce, the name of Bengali writer Rabindra Nath Tagore sparkles the brightest. He got to be the primary Indian to get Nobel Prize for his scholarly virtuoso. There are two Indian grants for Writing – Jnanpith Grant and Sahitya Individual Foundation Grant. 

Ancient literature of India

The primary ever scholarly scripts delivered in old India were the Vedas, which are based on Hinduism. They incorporate - the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samveda, and the Atharvaveda. They include verses composed in Sanskrit or Mantras. The scripts composed in epic Sanskrit are the Hindu sagas – Ramayana by Valmiki and Mahabharata by Mehrishi VedVyas. One of the prevalent cites from Mahabharata is – Yada Yada Hello there Dharmasya, Glanirva Bhavathi Bharatha, Abhyuthanam Adharmaysya, Tadatmanam Srijami Aham Praritranaya Sadhunam, Vinashaya Cha Dushkritam Dharamasansthapnaya, Sambhavami Yuge-Yuge The classical Sanskrit Writing comprises of Raghuvamsha, Shakuntala, Meghdhoota by Kalidasa, Ashtadhyayi by Panini, Arthashastra by Chanakya and Kamasutra by Vatsyayana. The Pali Writing is known for all the philosophical work by Buddhists. It too incorporates Jaatak Kathayein, Dhammapada, Mahavamsa, and Atthhakatha.

Literature in various Indian language

Afterward, in the medieval period, Indian writing got modern measurements in different other Indian dialects like Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Kannada, Konkani, Malayali, Manipuri, Marathi, Mizo, Oriya, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

In Assamese Writing, the Prahlad Charita by Hema Saraswati, Asvamedha Parva by Harihara Vipra, Jayadratha Vadha by Kaviratna Saraswati. The foremost eminent Assamese artists are Madhav Kandali, Amulya Barua, Atul Chandra Hazarika, Anuradha Sharma Pujari, and Arupa Kalita Patangia.

Bengali writing is majorly known for the works by Rabindranath Tagore who was granted the Respectable Prize for Literature for Geetanjali.

These sonnets were based on nature or the most profound sense of being and otherworldliness. It was Rabindranath Tagore as it were who had composed the loved national song of the devotion of India, Jana Gana Mana. Other huge names in Bengali writing are Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, and Sunil Gangopadhyay.

Gujarati writing is known for the incredible work of the eminent scholars Shamal Bhatt, Dalpatram, Govardhanram Tripathi, Pannalal Patel, Permanand Bhatt, and K M Munshi. The greatest title in this zone is Mohandas Karamhand Gandhi - the father of the country. From 1915-1945, Gujarat Vidaypith and Gandhi were the centers of all scholarly exercises and where unused thought and reasoning would emerge each day. During this period, Umashankar Joshi rose to notoriety and got Jnanpith grant in 1967 for his lyric Nishith.

In Kannada writing, Chudamani by Thumbalacharya, Gajashtaka by Shivamara, and Kavirajamarga by Raja Nripatunga hold parcels of importance. The epic Vikarmarjuna Vijaya and Adipurana by Pampa are moreover well known.

Malayalam writing comprises melodies having a place in different classes. It is known for lovely compositions like Adhyathmaramayanam by the Father of the Malayalam language, Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan. The most punctual known work of Malyalam Writing is Ramacharitram whereas present-day Malyalam Writing can be credited to Kumaran Asan, Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer, and Vallathol Narayana Menon.

Tamil writing is as old as 2000 a long time. The most seasoned accommodation in this range was by Tolkaappiyam. The journalists are composed of numerous sorts like social, political, and devout. The writing got commitments too from European, Muslim, Vaishvanite, and Saivite journalists as well. In the 19th century, the drift of brief stories, novel composing and verse came into being. The Tamil cinema is known to be impacted by the awesome Tamil scholarly work of a few truly extraordinary virtuosos.

The travel of Indian writing is deficient without the say of Urdu writing. Honored as the ‘Kohinoor Language”, Urdu is known to be the foremost modern and refined of all dialects. Urdu writing has checked its title in brilliant ink within the world of verse. The dialect comprising Persian and Middle easterner words gave birth to Ghazals that have been most preferred by individuals. In Urdu verse, writers like Mirza Ghalib, Faiz, and Iqbal are incredible. Separated from this, the Urdu books composed by striking Indian scholars like Nazir Ahmed, Munshi Premchand, Rahi Masoom Raz, and Saadat Hasan Manto have won the hearts of numerous.

Indian literature in English

During the twentieth century, due to the impact of British colonization, there created a distinctive shape of English which is alluded to as, Indian English. Based on the  British fashion of spelling and elocution of words, the dialect before long got to be a medium of inventive expression for Indian scholars just like the awesome Bengali essayist and artist Rabindranath Tagore. Other huge names in Indian English Writing are Vikram Seth, R K Narayanan, Salman Rushdie, Ruskin Bond, Khushwant Singh, Jhumpa Lahiri, Anita Desai, Arundhati Ro,y and Shashi Tharoor. Indian writing has played a colossal part in giving the nation a particular character of learnedness. Even though the confront of it has been changing whereas voyaging through endless stages, however indeed nowadays it holds an honorable position within the whole situation of world writing.


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