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Puritanism was the doctrine or school of English Protestants of the 16th and 17th centuries whose aim was the purification of the religious practice from anything not specifically authorized by Scripture, and who enjoyed the strictest purity of conduct. During the 16th century in Germany and England, the Renaissance was accompanied by a moral awakening and it is precise that awakening in England which is meant by the Puritan Movement. Those who believed in Puritanism took the Bible as their guide and found that the Anglican service sanctioned by Queen Elizabeth was still too much like the Roman service. They were anti-Catholic. They acknowledged Elizabeth as head of the Church only to bar the Pope. In their hearts, they rejected any control of religion by the state. On the other hand,  they aspired to control the state through their religion. They also advocated very strict views concerning life and conduct and thus came to be called Puritans.

At the beginning of the 17th century, there was no such thing as a Puritan Party. Some Presbyterians or Disciplinarians had felt the influence of Calvin of Geneva. The Puritan attack on Elizabeth took from in 1579 when Thomas Cartright,  the Presbyterian leader,  discovered that the Anglican church did not at all accord with the principle of the primitive Christian church and urged that bishops should be deprived of their disciplinary power and stick to preaching.


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