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Thursday, 8 August 2019

The Peasants' Revolt

A serious consequence of the Black Death was the peasants' rising or the Peasants' Revolt. Because of the dreadful mortality in that serious pestilence, there were the dearth of labourers and the rise in wages. But, the situation proved inconvenient for the land-owners. They were unwilling to pay more wages. At the same time they could not allow their land to remain uncultivated. Naturally, they had to do something to tide over the situations. The land-owners were strong in Parliament. They wanted to enact some law in their favour. Their policy resulted in injustice and wrong to a large number of peasants. Naturally, resentment among them started. They demanded that so long as prices did not fall, there could be no reduction in wages.
Peasants' Revolt

A situation for the Peasants' Revolt was prepared. Discontented men clamoured and complained loudly against injustice done. The imposition of a tax, known as the poll tax, fomented further to lead the discontent to burst into flames, under the leadership of John Ball, Wat Taylor, Jack Straw and many more.   

The Peasants' rising took place in East Angelia and the counties in neighborhood in 1381. Violent acts followed with the burning of manor houses and rich palaces. The rioters pillaged and burned even the palace of John of Gaunt. They forced their way into the Tower and murdered the Archbishop of Canterbury and the treasurer.    

The situation worsened and needed a strong action. Fortunately the king was alive to the impending calamity. Force was employed to put down the Peasants' Revolt with great severity. 

The Peasants' Revolt had a lesson for the rulers, may for the entire community. Injustice often leads to violence and neither party gains anything out of it. Mutual understanding and conciliatory attitude alone can end the mess of confusions and confrontations and bring amity in society.

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