Wednesday, 8 August 2018

Justify the title of Julius Caesar || William Shakespeare

Brutus is really the hero of the play, Julius Caesar . Brutus stands out most prominently in the action of the play. It is Brutus who wins our highest admiration and our deepest sympathy. Caesar also wins our admiration and our sympathy, but to a very limited.It is true that Brutus, Cassius, and Antony - all play important and striking roles in the action of this play. The title Julius Caesar is appropriate too because historically Caesar is better known to the people than Brutus. Every school-boy has heard the name of Julius Caesar without reading the play. But the name of Brutus becomes known to school-boys only when the read this play.
the title of Julius Caesar

It is known to the readers of this play that Caesar does not dominate the play. He makes only three appearances in the play. He is killed in the middle of the play and after that he cannot appear before us at all. This reasoning is altogether wrong. The first half of the play is definitely dominated  by the living Caesar though he is killed in the middle of the play. The second half of the play is dominated by the spirit of Caesar. So far as the first half of the play is concerned, we feel greatly impressed by Caesar's power and influence in the very starting scene. The people are out in the streets to celebrate Caesar's victory which he has won over the sons of Pompey. The people are enjoying at Caesar's triumphant return tp Rome from his military victory. It is true that the Tribunes are hostile to Caesar There is a hostility to Caesar in the minds of the Tribunes. But even they speak of Caesar's growing power.

In the next scène, when Cassius talks to Brutus about Caesar's infirmities and Caesar's ordinariness as a man.Cassius refers to Caesar as a god. Later, talking to Casca, Cassius depicts Caesar as a man who thunders, lightens, opens graves, and roars like a lion. Now, Cassius's real intention is to lower Caesar in the estimation of Brutus and Casca. Afterwards, the impression of Caesar's greatness continues in our minds. Caesar is deaf. He has a wavering mind.He is by turns superstitious and not superstitious. He has been longing  for the crown but had to refuse it for the sake of "show". He has spoken to the crowd in a ridiculous manner thus exciting the mirth of Casca and others.

But Caesar's fearlessness in the time of danger and his complete indifference to the warnings given to him by the soothsayer and by the priests again raise him in our estimation. In this way, the dominance of Caesar in the first half of the play cannot be denied. After Caesar has been assassinated, there is confusion in Rome for a time. But soon afterwards Antony takes charge of the affairs and Antony is a representative of Caesar. Antony is able to excite and instigate the mob against the murderers of Caesar. It is in the name of Caesar that Antony appeals to the mob. Antony says that Caesar was not ambitious and he loved the people of Rome very much. For this reason, has left to the people a large part of his property and considerable cash.

Thus it is the spirit of Caesar which now seems to be speaking to the mob and the mob responds whole-heartedly. It brings about the deaths of both Cassius and Brutus. Finally, the forces of Antony and Octavius win a complete victory over the republican forces. Caesarism is triumphant. So the title, Julius Caesar is justified.

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